Media and Violence 1969 - Charles Manson, Beatles song “Helter Skelter” 2003 - Devin Moore guns down three men in Fayette, AL, Grand Theft Auto is blamed 1981 - John Hinckley, Jr., inspired by the movie Taxi Driver (Franklin, p. 87) 1999 - Columbine High School shooting modeled after The Basketball Diaries (p.77)
How convincing is the argument that media has increased violence? Evidence that media violence increases aggression, but what about actual violent acts. Media violence lags actual violence Begging the question: “Does film influence audiences or is the content of a film a reflection of preexisting attitudes and behaviors?”
The Effect of Film on Audiences • If the media can influence attitudes or behavior, which types of media have the most impact? • “feature films are among the least powerful agents of media socialization.” (Franklin, p. 76). • What about Malcolm X(1992) • Davis & Davenport (1997) - Cognition, saliency, attitude
Propaganda Films • How effective are propaganda films? • Triumph of the Will (1935) played to sold out theaters across Germany • Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004) broke records at the box office and DVD sales for its genre • Why were these films a success? • Why was “Hilary: the Movie” less so? • Difference in quality?