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Mental Dysfunctions

Mental Dysfunctions

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Mental Dysfunctions

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  1. Mental Dysfunctions Shameless or Blameless?

  2. Neurosis • Milder than Psychosis • Distortions but not a complete break from reality • Typically Involve and are a Product of Depression or • Defense Mechanisms

  3. Psychosis • Psychosis is an Extreme Psychiatric State • Associated, But not linked to: • Bipolar disorder • Schizophrenia

  4. Bipolar Disorder • Form of Mood Disorder • Manic and Depressive Swings

  5. Schizophrenia • Inappropriate Responses • Bizarre Behavior • Σχίζω • φρενός • “Divided Mind”

  6. Schizophrenia • Paranoia • Hebephrenic • Catatonia

  7. John Nash A Beautiful Mind

  8. Psychiatrist Roberto Gil Discusses Schizophrenia and Recovery http://www.columbia.edu/cu/news/media/02/robertoGil/index.html

  9. Personality Theories • MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory) • CPI ( California Psychological Inventory)

  10. MMPI

  11. MMPI • 556 True/False Questions • Designed to Distinguish Average People from [People with Forms of] Psychopathic Behavior • 10 Clinical Scales, three are important for distinguishing criminals and delinquents

  12. MMPI • Psychopathic Deviate Scale • Conflict With Authority and Shallow Deviate Personal Attachments • Schizophrenia Scale • Bizarre Thoughts, Withdrawal from Personal Contact • Hypomania Scale • Unproductive Hyperactivity

  13. MMPI used For • Pre Employment Screening • Abnormal Behavior Screening • Identifying Problems • Diagnosing Problems • Predicting Trends

  14. Sociopathy • Psychopathy • Sociopathy • Antisocial Personality Disorder

  15. Sociopathy • 3% of all Men • 1% of All women

  16. A Sociopath • Does not Conform to Lawful Behavior • Is Often a Chronic Liar • Lack Remorse • Does not Plan Ahead • Disregards the safety or comfort of others • Tends to be agressive

  17. Sociopathy • Often called APD • Antisocial Personality Disorder

  18. Score a Sociopath • 0 If the Tendency is not there • 1 Point if the tendency is there but not Obvious (Partially Present) • 2 Points if a Stranger Could Recognize it (Obviously Present)

  19. Score a Sociopath • Promiscuous sexual behavior • Many short-term marital relationships • Criminal versatility

  20. Score a Sociopath • Need for stimulation/-proneness to boredom • Parasitic lifestyle • Poor behavioral controls • Early behavioral problems • Lack of realistic, long-term goals • Impulsivity • Irresponsibility • Juvenile delinquency • Revocation of conditional release

  21. Score a Sociopath • Glibness/superficial charm • Grandiose sense of self-worth • Pathological lying • Conning/manipulative • Lack of remorse or guilt • Shallow affect • Callous/lack of empathy • Failure to accept responsibility for own actions

  22. Fictional Sociopaths • http://videodetective.com/home.asp?x=y&SpeedTestResults=705.88&PublishedID=1245&AltID=&CustomerID=97135&WM=True&Ads=True&Play=TRUE#

  23. Real Life Sociopaths

  24. John Wayne Gacy • Gacy was married, busy in civic organizations and entertained in children’s hospitals as a clown. He was charged the first time with forcibly sodomizing a young boy. Gacy underwent psychiatric treatment. He was inprisoned for other related charges. What kind of prisoner was Gacy?

  25. John Wayne Gacy • Gacy was married, busy in civic organizations and entertained in children’s hospitals as a clown. He was charged the first time with forcibly sodomizing a young boy. Gacy underwent psychiatric treatment. He was inprisoned for other related charges. What kind of prisoner was Gacy?

  26. Gacy was a model prisoner. He easily made parole and was released to society. • Eventually Executed on May 10, 1994 for 33 Murders