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My Brother Martin

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  1. My Brother Martin By Christine King Farris illustrated by Chris Soentpiet Day 1Day 4 Day 2Day 5 Day 3 Vocabulary Definitions Vocabulary Sentences Additional Resources

  2. Study Skills • Genre: Biography • Comprehension Skill:Cause and Effect • Comprehension Strategy:Answer Questions • Comprehension Review Skill:Fact and Opinion • Vocabulary:Word Structure—Endings

  3. Genre: Biography A biography is the story of a real person’s life as told be someone else. In this biography, a sister shares childhood memories of her younger brother. Why do you think she chose to tell about these experiences?

  4. Summary Few people know about what Martin Luther King, Jr. was like as a child. His older sister, Christine, tells stories of their childhood, full of love and fun. She remembers when her little brother “M.L.” told their mother, “One day, I am going to turn this world upside down.”

  5. Comprehension Review Skill- Fact or Opinion • A fact is a statement that can be proven either true or false. • An opinion is a statement based on someone’s judgment, belief, or way of thinking.

  6. Day 1 - Question of the Week • How can words change people’s lives?

  7. Vocabulary - Say It • ancestors • avoided • generations • minister numerous pulpit shielding

  8. More Words to Know confronted injustice nourishing demonstrating integrate sympathy

  9. Comprehension StrategyAnswer Questions • Good readers can answer questions about what they read. • Sometimes the answer to a question will be in one place in the text and sometimes it will be in several places. • Sometimes you must combine what you read with what you already know.

  10. Listen to the Story

  11. Comprehension SkillCause and Effect • The effect is what happens. • The cause is why it happens. • Clue words such as because, so, therefore, and as a result can signal causes and effects. • Sometimes one effect becomes the cause of another effect, which causes another, and so on. This is called a chain of events.

  12. Practice Cause and Effect • Cause • Jack’s textbooks are old and damaged. • Effect  Cause • Jack’s mother complains to the principal, who cannot help. • Effect  Cause • She visits a lawyer, and he files a lawsuit for her.

  13. Practice Cause and Effect • Effect • A judge decides in Jack’s favor. • When do you think this fictional story takes place? Use the information from the text and your prior knowledge to answer the question. • The story probably takes place in the early days of the Civil Rights Movement.

  14. Why is it important to rimember the lessons of history. If we don’t remember history we may make the same mistakes.

  15. What is a Conjunction? • A conjunction is like glue. It helps things to stick together. • A conjunction joins words, phrases, and sentences, which are called clauses.

  16. What is a Conjunction? • Conjunctions join two or more words. Example: I went to the store to buy eggs, milk, and bread.

  17. What is a Conjunction? • Conjunctions can join two prepositional phrases. Ex. I went skiing down the hill and past the trees.

  18. What is a Conjunction? • Conjunctions can connect two clauses or sentences. • When two sentences are joined, a comma MUST be placed before the conjunction. Ex. I played cards for awhile, but then I played chess.

  19. Types of Conjunctions • One type of conjunction is the coordinating conjunction. • They connect words, phrases, and clauses, which are sentences. • They connect things of equal value. (This means that they would connect a noun with another noun or a prepositional phrase with another prepositional phrase.)

  20. Types of Conjunctions • There are seven coordinating conjunctions: and but or for nor yet so

  21. Spelling WordsSchwa • stomach • memory • Canada • element • mystery science remember forget suppose iron

  22. Spelling WordsSchwa • gravel • difficult • fortune • giant • architect normal notify privilege cement yesterday Different dictionaries may show different vowels for the schwa sound.

  23. CHALLENGE • ridiculous • syllable • magnificent • asparagus • cinnamon

  24. Day 2 - Question of the Day • What new or surprising information about Martin Luther King, Jr. does this biography give?

  25. Vocabulary Skill:Word Structure—Endings • Sometimes the ending –ed or –ing is added to a verb or the ending –s is added to a noun. • If a word with one of these endings seems hard for you, try the following:

  26. Vocabulary Skill:Word Structure—Endings • Cover the ending and identify the base form of the verb or noun. • Do you know this word? If you do, think about its meaning. Picture the action the verb describes. • If you do not, check the words around the word. Try to find clues that can help you figure out the meaning. • Check to see if the meaning makes sense in the sentence.

  27. ancestors people from whom you are descended, such as your great-grandparents

  28. avoided kept away from; kept out of the way of

  29. generations periods of about thirty years, or the time from the birth of one generation to the birth of the next generation

  30. member of the clergy; spiritual guide; pastor minister

  31. numerous very many

  32. pulpit platform or raised structure in a church from which the minister preaches

  33. shielding protecting; defending

  34. confronted faced boldly, opposed

  35. injustice lack of justice, fairness, lawfulness

  36. nourishing keep well-fed and healthy; producing health and growth

  37. demonstrating taking part in a parade or meeting to protest or to make demands

  38. integrate to make public places available to people or all races on an equal basis

  39. sympathy agreement; approval; favor

  40. Weekly Fluency Check -Phrasing • Read aloud “A Class of One”. Explain that you will group words that make sense together. • Partners read aloud p. 651, paragraph 1, three times. Group words into meaningful phrases. Give each other feedback.

  41. 3. Violence is dramatic, and nonviolence is often effectiver. 4. Its diffecult not to fight back when others are fighting you.

  42. Let’s Review . . . The conjunction is the seventh of the eight parts of speech. Just for the record, here are all eight: • Noun • Pronoun • Adjective • Verb • Adverb • Preposition • Conjunction • Interjection

  43. First, let's start with a basic definition: Conjunctions are words that join words or groups of words. There are two main types: coordinating conjunctions subordinating conjunctions

  44. Coordinating conjunctions include: • And • Or • But • For • Nor These conjunctions connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal value.