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CHAPTER 14 PowerPoint Presentation

CHAPTER 14

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CHAPTER 14

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  1. RISE OF ISLAM CHAPTER 14

  2. Nomadic • Bedouin • Patriarchal PRE-ISLAMIC ARABIA

  3. Hijaz • Advantages • Zamzam • Ka’ba • Quraysh • Muhammad MECCA

  4. Merchant • Meditation • Revelations • from Allah • Last of many prophets MUHAMMAD

  5. Quran – holy book • “reading” • Revelations • Religious/social • Hadith • Prophet’s sayings, deeds ISLAM

  6. Community Legal/social code UMMA

  7. Jesus, Abraham, Moses Bible Same God Message, complete revelation ISLAM VS. CHRISTIANITY, JUDAISM

  8. Five Pillars • One God • Pray to Allah • Fast: Ramadan • Give to poor • Hajj BELIEFS

  9. Holy law Qu’ran, Hadith Behavior Marriage, family, business, inheritance Sharia

  10. Small regional group Large empire EXPANSION

  11. Deputy Religious, political Not a prophet CALIPH

  12. CULTURE

  13. From one region to another India SPREAD OF FOOD

  14. Artisans, merchants Industry Textiles, pottery, leather, paper MARKETS

  15. Camel caravans Land and sea TRADE AND COMMERCE

  16. Lent money Exchanged currency investments BANKING

  17. Patriarchal • Quran • Female infanticide • Dowries • Honorable, equal to men • Strict control of men • Veiling, escorts WOMEN

  18. Eighth century • 1001 Nights • Baghdad: banking, commerce, industry • Large metropolis • Writers/artists • Money for the poor HARUN AL-RASHID

  19. Science and medicine • 900-1100 ISLAMIC CULTURE

  20. Greek, Indian influences • Avicenna • Canon on Medicine • Al-Razi • Diseases: smallpox, measles • Math, optics, hospitals SCIENCE

  21. ARCHITECTURE

  22. Literature • Arabian Nights • Ibn-Kaldun • Father of sociology • History SOCIETY

  23. Mystics Missionaries Personal, emotional, devotional approach Permitted local customs and rituals SUFIS

  24. Sufis • India • S.E. Asia SPREAD OF ISLAM