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7 Billion going on 10 Billion

7 Billion going on 10 Billion

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7 Billion going on 10 Billion

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  1. 7 Billion going on 10 Billion Earth in the Balance – Food, Climate, Youth

  2. World Population Trends • Population growth is slowing: • 1960: 3 Billion; 1980: 4.5 Billion; 2000: 6.1 Billion • 2040: 8.9 Billion; 2060: 9.6 Billion; 2085: 10 Billion • But local growth is still strong in Africa, South Asia, and the Middle East • Two population groups are growing very fast, much faster than world population • Urban Population • Global Middle Class

  3. Total Population: USA, Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa

  4. Illustrations of Local Population Growth (millions – M/H/C) 2010 2050 2100 Nigeria 158 390/433/504 730/1024/2660 Uganda 33 94/106/144 171/246/1095 Niger 15 55/61/76 139/188/690 Tanzania 44 138/155/170 316/449/1003 Ethiopia 83 145/166/243 150/236/961

  5. An Urban World

  6. The Global Middle ClassMillions

  7. The Global Middle ClassOECD Projected Spending in millions of 2005 PPP-adjusted dollars

  8. Probable Consequences • Magnified and Accelerated Climate Change • More Cars, Travel, Consumption, Waste, Urban concentration • Chronic Food Crises • Higher consumption of meat and processed foods • More frequent and more intense Humanitarian Crises • More people living in more vulnerable areas with higher risks

  9. What to do? • Prepare for the worst • Innovate in Urban and Regional Construction and Planning • More energy and travel efficient, more social cities (From the 19th to the 21st Century) • Change Diets (for Health and Well-being) • Tax Carbon, waste, excess consumption