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Heavy ion transfer reactions studied with PRISMA+CLARA PowerPoint Presentation
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Heavy ion transfer reactions studied with PRISMA+CLARA

Heavy ion transfer reactions studied with PRISMA+CLARA

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Heavy ion transfer reactions studied with PRISMA+CLARA

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  1. Heavy ion transfer reactions studied with PRISMA+CLARA L.Corradi Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro – INFN, Italy LEA, Catania, 13-16 October, 2008

  2. Transfer reactions (multinucleon) among heavy ions The quasi-elastic regime is governed by - form factors < f I Vint I i > (structure) - optimum Q-values (dynamics) ‘ a’ degrees of freedom single particle states surface vibrations pair modes a A A’ couplings inelastic: collective ff transfer: single particle ff pair ff (macroscopic)

  3. The understanding of low energy heavy ion reactions requires a careful and consistent experimental and theoretical work • - elastic scattering (nuclear potential) • - inelastic scattering (phonon form factor) • - one particle transfer (single particle form factors) • - two particle transfer (nucleon-nucleon correlations) • - multiple particle transfer (multipair transfer, ... towards DIC) • mandatory a complete set of observables • A, Z, TKEL, dσ/dΩ, σtot


  5. MWPPAC IC PRISMA spectrometer – trajectory reconstruction • A physical event is composed by the parameters: • position at the entrance x, y • position at the focal plane X, Y • time of flight TOF • energy DE, E

  6. PRISMA spectrometer – trajectory reconstruction ΔE-E Mass A/q q

  7. Elastic scattering – using Prisma and Clara information elastic scattering is the first important ingredient for nuclear reaction studies. It provides information on the (outer part of) nuclear potential grazing code

  8. Differential cross sections forward part : mainly reflects the behaviour of the form factors backward part : mainly reflects the absorption

  9. Total cross sections successive transfer S.Szilner et al, Phys.Rev.C76(2007)024604

  10. multinucleon transfer : experiment vs. theory data : LNL theory : GRAZING code and CWKB

  11. Evaporation processes in multinucleon transfer reactions Evaporation processes directly identified with PRISMA+CLARA An example: 40Ca+96Zr at 152 MeV 40Ca+96Zr E=152 MeV

  12. TKEL distributions – Prisma vs. Prisma+Clara

  13. TKEL distributions pure proton stripping

  14. Pair transfer Search for pairing vibrations Measurements at sub-barrier energies

  15. How the residual interaction acts in transfer processes

  16. Strong population close to the pairing vibrational region in 40Ca+208Pb strength function (shell model calculations) S.Szilner et al, Eur.Phys.J. A21, 87(2004) S.Szilner et al, Phys.Rev.C76(2007)024604

  17. Multineutron and multiproton transfer channels near closed-shell nuclei 90Zr+208Pb Elab=560 MeV pure neutron pick-up channels Mass [amu] PRISMA spectrometer data GRAZING code calculations L.Corradi et al, Nucl.Phys.A787(2007)160

  18. Population of states close to the pairing vibrational region 2240 1874 3308 3842

  19. Sub-barrier transfer reactions

  20. Q-value window absorptive potential form factor At energies lower than the Coulomb barrier : - few reaction channels are opened, i.e. W(r) very small - one has a much better control on the form factors F(r)inel has a decay length ~ 0.65 fm F(r)tr has a decay length ~ 1.3 fm nuclear couplings are dominated by transfer processes - Q-value distributions get much narrower than at higher energies - one can probe nucleon correlation close to the g.s. data are very scarse or almost non existing

  21. Detection of (light) target like ions in inverse kinematics with PRISMA SSBD (rutherford sc.) beam direction PRISMA 20o 94Zr 40Ca measurements have been performed for multinucleon transfer channels and at energies well below the barrier

  22. GRAZING code calculations for 40Ca+94Zr transfers differential cross sections Prisma acceptance total cross sections A.Winther, program GRAZING

  23. 94Zr+40Ca, Elab=330 MeV, θlab=20o, inverse kinematics

  24. Mass distributions for pure neutron pick-up channels

  25. TKEL distributions for pure neutron pick-up channels Qgs

  26. Mass vs Q-value matrix for (-1p) channels channels (El=315 MeV) background free spectra with transfer products at very low excitation energy : no evaporation effects and cleanest conditions for comparison with theory

  27. Experimental vs Theoretical cross sections for +1n and -1p channels very preliminary

  28. with neutron rich beams...

  29. Change of population pattern in going from neutron poor to neutron rich nuclei (theoretical) neutron stripping and proton pick-up equal directions neutron pick-up and proton stripping C.H.Dasso, G.Pollarolo and A.Winther, Phys.Rev.Lett.73, 1907 (1994)

  30. Multinucleon transfer reactions with (moderately n-rich) heavy ions one can populate (nn), (pp) and (np) channels with comparable strength

  31. GRAZING code

  32. Multinucleon transfer reactions with radioactive beams One needs to learn whether and to what extent the degrees of freedom and the corresponding matrix elements tested with stable beams can hold with radioactive beams. In particular whether the form factors for one and two particle transfer and their strength need to be modified neutron-proton correlations (np channel) 140Sn onset of supercurrents (neutron rich nuclei)

  33. Summary • Multinucleon transfer processes provide important information on the interplay between reaction mechanism and nuclear structure. The Prisma spectrometer coupled to large gamma arrays is a powerful tool to study the fine details of such processes. • The degrees of freedom involved in multiple particle transfers can be quantitatively probed only when a complete set of observables (A,Z,TKEL, dσ/dΩ, σtot) is available. This is important also for the correct description of the transition from quasi-elastic to deep-inelastic regime and other competing reaction processes (e.g. sub-barrier fusion). • Pair modes are presently being investigated looking at the decay of (possible) pair vibrational states and via extreme sub-barrier transfer of nucleons.

  34. A.M.Stefanini, E.Fioretto, A.Gadea, B.Guiot, N.Marginean, P.Mason, R.Silvestri, Angelis, D.R.Napoli, J.J.Valiente-Dobon Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro – INFN, Italy S.Beghini, G.Montagnoli, F.Scarlassara, E.Farnea, C.A.Ur, S.Lunardi, S.Lenzi, D.Mengoni, F.Recchia, F.della Vedova Universita’ di Padova and INFN, Sezione di Padova S.Szilner, N.Soic, D.Jelavec Ruđer Bošković Institute, Zagreb, Croatia G.Pollarolo Universita’ di Torino and INFN, Sezione di Torino, Italy F.Haas, S.Courtin, D.Lebhertz, M.-D.Salsac IReS, Strasbourg, France + CLARA collaboration

  35. Pairing vibrations : light ion reactions 92Zr(p,t)90Zr L=0 transitions 86Sr(t,p)88Sr R.C. Ragaini et al., PRC2(1970)1020

  36. Pairing vibration model

  37. detection of (heavy) target like ions with recoil mass spectrometers 58Ni + xSn RMS measurements have been performed at subbarrier energies but for only one nucleon transfer and with very poor Q-value resolution R.Betts et al., PRL59(1987)978

  38. Absolute cross sections for one and two-nucleon transfer reactions 208Pb(16O,18Og.s.)206Pb E ~ Eb E << Eb successive successive direct direct one+two step calculations undepredict the data by a factor ~ 2 one+two step calculations undepredict the data by 25-30% B.F.Bayman and J.Chen, PRC26(1509)1982

  39. Quasielastic barrier distributions : role of particle transfer channels G.Pollarolo, Phys.Rev.Lett.100,252701(2008)

  40. Sub-barrier fusion of 40Ca+94Zr Interplay of phonon and transfer couplings sub-barrier transfer cross section measurements are important to compare with fusion cross sections in a similar energy and angular momentum range A.M.Stefanini et al., PRC76,014610(2007)

  41. identified and known 208Pb(90Zr,92Zr)206Pb E=560 MeV identified but in overlap with other known existing ? 0+ [4283] strong in (t,p) 0+ [3992] strong in (t,p) 0+ [3589] strong in (t,p) non tab 492 934 (4000) non tab 2+ [3500] L=2 (t,p) 1225 1463 439 2+ [3058] L=2 (t,p) 0+ [2903] weak in (t,p) new (120) 1742 (n,n’) 2+ [2820] L=2 (t,p) 837 990 (1000) (n,n’) 972 2+ [2067] L=2 (t,p) 1970 2+ [1848] L=2 (t,p) 1132 (245) 912 (1100) wide peak at 893 2+ [934] L=2 (t,p) 1848 (50) 934 (4000) 0+ [g.s.]

  42. PRISMA spectrometer – trajectory reconstruction A/q (channels) X (channels)

  43. Interpretation of massive transfer via diffusion models uncorrelated N and Z diffusion linear diffusion : strong correlation between proton and neutron transfer the region with small energy loss is where nuclear structure properties play a major role K.Sapotta et al., PRC31(1985)1297

  44. Multinucleon transfer reactions : quasi-elastic regime pure neutron pick-up pure proton stripping N/Z equilibrization

  45. Mass distributions for proton stripping channels channels (El=315 MeV) K isotopes (-1p) Ar isotopes (-2p) background free spectra with transfer products at very low excitation energy : no evaporation effects and cleanest conditions for comparison with theory

  46. Correlation between reaction channels quasi elastic, deep inelastic quasi fission, [...] fusion In the presence of couplings the energy of relative motion is not well defined. An exchange of energy from the relative motion to the intrinsic degrees of freedom takes place

  47. Evaporation processes directly identified with PRISMA+CLARA an example : 40Ca+96Zr reaction at 152 MeV heavy partner -2p+2n channel light partner

  48. PRISMA spectrometer – trajectory reconstruction 64Ni+238U ΔE E

  49. Elastic scattering Inelastic scattering