Download
important leaders in ancient greece and rome n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Important Leaders in Ancient Greece and Rome PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Important Leaders in Ancient Greece and Rome

Important Leaders in Ancient Greece and Rome

133 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Important Leaders in Ancient Greece and Rome

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Important Leaders in Ancient Greece and Rome • Glencoe World History • pages 138-168

  2. Standards • SSWH3 The student will examine the political, philosophical, and cultural interaction of Classical Mediterranean societies from 700 BCE to 400 CE. • b. Identify the ideas and impact of important individuals; include Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle and describe the diffusion of Greek culture by Aristotle’s pupil Alexander the Great and the impact of Julius and Augustus Caesar.

  3. Introduction • http://videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/12173-ancient-civilizations-alexander-the-great-video.htm • http://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/worldhistory/riseoftheromanempire/preview.weml

  4. Alexander the Great • King of Macedonia who inherited control of Greece from his father, Philip II, who had conquered the region • Sought to fulfill his father’s dream of conquering the Persian Empire • Motivated by the desire for glory and empire but also by the desire to avenge the Persian burning of Athens

  5. Alexander’s Conquests • 334 BC Alexander entered Asia Minor with an army of 37,000 men, both Macedonians and Greeks • By 332 BC Syria, Palestine, and Egypt were under his control • Built Alexandria as the Greek capital of Egypt • 331 BC victory at Gaugamela gave Alexander possession of the Persian Empire

  6. Alexander’s Conquests • Over the next 3 years, Alexander moved east and northeast as far as modern Pakistan • In 326 BC he entered India, where his soldiers refused to go farther • On the return trip home thousands died from lack of water as they traveled through the desert of Southern Iran • Alexander returned to Babylon where he planned more campaigns but died there in June 323 BC, exhausted from wounds, fever, and too much alcohol

  7. The Legacy of Alexander • A great military leader; inspired his men • Extended Greek and Macedonian rule over a vast area • Stimulated the economies of Greece & Macedon • Created military monarchies • Due to his conquests, Greek language, architecture, literature and art spread throughout Southwest Asia and the Near East • The Greeks also absorbed aspects of Eastern culture

  8. From Republic to Empire • In 60 BC , three men Crassus, Pompey, and Julius Caesar formed the First Triumvirate. • A triumvirate is a government by three people with equal power. • After Crassus was killed in battle, civil war emerged between Pompey and Julius Caesar • Caesar was made dictator in 45 BC

  9. Julius Caesar’s Reforms • Gave land to the poor • Increased the Senate to 900 members • Increasing the numbers and filling it with his supporters, weakened the power of the Senate • Planned more building projects and military adventures but was executed in 44 BC

  10. Augustus Caesar • Age of Augustus- 31 BC to 14 AD • Octavian (Julius Caesar's heir and grandnephew) was his given name • Given the name Augustus in 27 BC • Given title Imperator, or commander in chief • The first Roman emperor

  11. Augustus Caesar • Maintained a standing army of 28 legions (about 150,000 men) • Stabilized the frontiers of the Roman Empire, conquering many new areas • Attempted to conquer Germany but failed