ANCIENT GREECE AND ROME Unit 3 Chapters (6-9)
UNIT 3 VOCAB Peninsula- Oracle- Epic- Philosopher- Acropolis- Tragedy- City-State- Athens- Aristocrat- Agora- Tyrant- Vendor- Democracy- Slavery- Tribute- Sparta- Immortal- Helots-
UNIT 3 VOCAB Peloponnesian War Plague- Blockade- Barbarian- Assassinate- Alexander TG- Hellenistic- Republic- Patrician- Plebian- Consul- Veto- Dictator- Province- Colosseum- Aqueduct- Polytheism- Arch-
UNIT 3 VOCAB Census- Villa- Circus- Gladiator- Jesus- Messiah- Disciple- Epistle- Martyr- Constantine- Mercenary- Inflation-
THE RISE OF ANCIENT GREECE • Objectives- • 1 Understand how Greece’s geographic setting influenced the development of the civilization • 2 Examine Early Greek History • 3 Examine the development of Democracy
Greece’s Geographic Setting Greece is made up of Peninsula’s, or areas of land surrounded by water on 3 sides Because of the mnts. Only about 20% of Greece is farmable What would you do then if you couldn’t farm for survival?
Greek Origins Early Greeks evolved on and off mainland Greece Two most prominent ancient groups: Minoans and Mycenaeans Greek life was about evolving, trading, communication and spreading language and new ideas
Minoan’s 3000-1100 B.C. Bronze age people Lived on the Island of Crete (Med. Sea) Developed wide spread and successful sea trade
Mycenaeans Took over around 1400 B.C. Blended mainland Greece and Island cultures into one Spoke an early form of modern Greek Gained power not only through trade, but through conquest (battles)
Myth of a war between Greece and Troy Greeks tricked the Trojans with a fake horse The story was written into an Epic, a long story telling poem The two epics involving the Trojan War are the Iliad and the Odyssey
Homer Author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
The Dark Ages of Greece Greek civilization took a turn for the worse Their society collapsed and the focused changed What was the focus of Greek society? What did it change to?
City States and Democracy City states developed all over Greece, why? City-States were run by Aristocrats New type of ruler is created, a Tyrant The advent of Democracy Strict Rules- Who can participate in our(USA) democracy? Who could participate in Grecian democracy?
Check For Understanding Pg. 175 (1- A/B) (3- A)
Section 2 Religion, Philosophy, and the Arts Golden Age of Athens: 479-431 B.C. Trade Tribute Mining
Religious Beliefs 12 Olympians Temples Gods were immortal Zeus ( king of gods) Mythical heroes (Achilles) City States had their own Honor Zeus by competing every four years Birth of what?
gods continued Oracles (shrines where the gods spoke)
Knowledge Philosophers Socrates Plato (Socrates student (academy) Aristotle (Plato’s student (Lyceum)
Chapter 7 Sec. 3 The spread of culture- King Philip of Macedonia Macedonians (thought themselves Greeks, Greeks thought Macedonians were barbarians) Barbarians- wild, uncivilized people
Alexander’s Empire After conquering Greece, Philip wanted Persia. He was assassinated before he could do so. Alexander took over and avenged his fathers death Within 11 years he had conquered Persia, Egypt, land beyond the Indus into India. He earned the title “Alexander the Great” The last battle…(Achilles was his hero)
The Spread of Greek Culture Alexander’s empire was split into 3 One commander for each region (Greece/Macedonia) (Egypt) (Persia) They fought for 300 years over the land Alexander conquered Time after Alexander was called Hellenistic period
Alexandria, Egypt Center for learning Huge libraries Math and Science Geometry created Archimedes creates pulley systems and levers.