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Ancient Greece and Rome

Ancient Greece and Rome

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Ancient Greece and Rome

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  1. Ancient Greece and Rome Mr. Ornstein Willow Canyon High School World History

  2. Greece and Rome • 1. Ancient Greece • 2. Alexander the Great/Hellenistic Age • 3. Roman Empire • 4. Dark/Middle Ages

  3. Classical Civilization • Ancient Greek and Roman Civilization is Known as Classical Civilization • Western Civilization (US, Western Europe) is based on Classical Greek and Roman Civilization.

  4. Geography and Ancient Greece and Rome • Ancient Greek and Roman History and Culture was Greatly Affected by its Geography

  5. Geography and Greece and Rome • Geography Helped Rome Become a Strong united Empire. • Geography kept the Greek City-states separate from each other.

  6. Main Geographic Features of Greece Aegean, Mediterranean, and Ionian Seas • Mountains • Islands

  7. Answer: • How did mountains, seas, and many island affect ancient Greece?

  8. Affects of Geography on Greece • Development of Separate City-States (Polis) • Greeks become traders, shipbuilders, and sailors • Different Forms of Government

  9. Greek Polis • Ancient Greece was not a unified Empire but was made up of independent city-states which were like mini-countries

  10. Answer: • How did Geography hurt the Ancient Greeks?

  11. Geography and Rome • Geography Helped the Roman Empire Expand and Become one of the Most Powerful Civilizations in History.

  12. Italian Peninsula • Rome is Located on the Italian Peninsula

  13. Advantages of Rome’s Geography • Italian Peninsula has few mountains. • Fertile Land • 7 Hills Protect Rome • Easy to Unify • Central Location

  14. Advantages of Roman Geography • Access to the Sea • Access to trade routes. • Very near Mediterranean Sea

  15. Advantages of Roman Geography • Alps Mountains Protect Rome in the North

  16. Answer: • How was Rome helped by its Geography?

  17. Romans Help Themselves • The Romans Built an extensive system of road. • Trade • Communication • Unite Lands • Move Troops

  18. Romans Help Themselves • Roman aqueducts were built in all parts of the Roman Empire. • The aqueducts were important for supplying water to large cities across the empire.

  19. Forms of Government • The Ancient Greek Polis Had Many Different Forms of Government • Athens Developed Democracy • Rome was initially a Republic where Romans Elected Representation • Rome After Julius Caesar Became an Empire with one Emperor ruling large amounts of land.

  20. Achievement of Greece and Rome • Both Civilizations Had Many Achievements. • The Romans Copied Many Greek Achievements • Athens Has a Golden Age • PaxRomana- Golden Age of Rome

  21. Legacy of Greece: Democracy • From Athens • Democracy-Government by the People comes from the Greeks.

  22. Legacy of Ancient Greece: Philosophy • Socrates • Aristotle • Plato • Socratic Method: teach through questions

  23. Legacy of Greece: The Arts • Achievements in Art and Literature • Sculpture • Drama • Comedy • Tragedy

  24. Achievements of Ancient Rome • Preservation and Copying of Greek Learning

  25. Achievements of Ancient Rome • Engineering • Aqueducts • Roads

  26. Achievements of Ancient Rome • Modern Calendar • Achievements in Government- Republic • Achievements in Law

  27. Answer: • What are 3 achievements of Ancient Greece? • What are 3 achievements of Ancient Rome?

  28. The Fall of Ancient Greece • The Ancient Greeks Fought Themselves and weakened each Polis. • Philip of Macedonia, Father of Alexander the Great, Conquerors all of Greece.

  29. The Fall of the Roman Empire • The Roman Empire ultimately split into the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern or Byzantine Empire. • The Western Roman Empire fell from many immediate and underlying reasons. • Byzantine Empire lasts 1,000 years longer than the Western Roman Empire.

  30. Ticket Out the Door: • How did geography hurt ancient Greece? • How did geography help ancient Rome? • What was the most important achievement of ancient Greece? • What was the most important achievement of ancient Rome? • What is the other name for the Eastern Roman Empire?