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Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer

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Cervical Cancer

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  1. Cervical Cancer By: Kate DeCaro & Brianna Milillo

  2. Intro • Out of more than 200 types of cancers , cervical cancer is the 3rd most common, and the 5th most deadly in women. • 0.69% of all women today will be diagnosed with cervical cancer.

  3. BASIC INFO Q- What is the cervix? A- the lower or outer end of the uterus

  4. Causes • Unprotected Sex can cause Human Papilloma Viruses(HPV) • Types 16 and 18 have the highest risk of contracting cancer. • Persistent Untreated Infections • Fragile Histidine Triad (FHIT) Gene

  5. Afflicted Tissues tumor blood or lymph vessels tumors

  6. Diagnosis • Not visible • The surface cells of the cervix are squamous cells & columnar cells • Infection visible through microscope • Test involved in the diagnosis • Pap Smear • MRI • Intravenous pyelogram (x-ray)

  7. Intravenous Pyelogram Pap Smear Test

  8. Stages of Cervical Cancer • Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ)- abnormal cells are found on the inner lining of the cervix • Stage 1- cancer has been formed in the cervix • Stage 2- cancer spreads further than the cervix, but not beyond the pelvic wall • Stage 3- cancer may spread to the pelvic wall • Stage 4- cancer spreads to the other parts of the body such as the bladder & rectum.

  9. Stages of Cervical Cancer

  10. Symptoms • The beginning of cervical cancer is unnoticed, however some symptoms can be: • weight loss • loss of appetite • fatigue • vaginal bleeding or discharge • body pain (mostly pelvic region) • abnormal menstruation cycle

  11. Treatments • Removing the cancerous tissue • loop electrosurgical excision procedure(LEEP) • Cryotherapy • Laser Therapy • Radiation • Chemotherapy

  12. Treatments Cryotherapy LEEP

  13. Complications • Cancer reoccurrence after treatment • Surgery and radiation can cause problems with sexual, bowel, and bladder function. • Radiation can damage healthy cells. • Side effects of chemotherapy • Allergic Reactions • Liver & Kidney Damage • Weakened Immune System

  14. Preventions • Tests • Vaccination • Gardasil • Safe Sex • Keep Clean • Don’t Smoke

  15. Prevalence Lowest incidence rate Highest incidence rate

  16. Epidemiology • United States • About 10,000 diagnosed per year • About 3,700 deaths • Worldwide • 473,000 diagnosed • 253,500 deaths

  17. Awareness • January is National Cervical Health Awareness Month • National Cervical Cancer Coalition(NCCC) • Educate everyone! • Fundraisers

  18. Works Cited • https://health.google.com/health/ref/Cervical+cancer • http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/cervix.html • http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/cervical/Patient/page2#Keypoint11 • http://www.web-books.com/MoBio/Free/Ch10DCervical.htm • http://adam.about.com/reports/000046_9.htm • http://www.nccc-online.org/awareness.html