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Indirect Source Rules:

Indirect Source Rules:

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Indirect Source Rules:

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  1. Indirect Source Rules: Cleaning Air in California and Beyond

  2. ENVIRONMENTAL DEFENSE Indirect Source Rule in California and Beyond California’s Failing Air • Home of two of the most polluted regions in the country • 90% of state’s residents exposed to unhealthful air each year • Mobile sources account for two-thirds of the pollution • Growing dependence on vehicles reduces air quality gains

  3. Boldly recognizes what creates pollution growth Links air quality and land use decisions Provides incentives for builders to think and act “green” A Solution to Growth-related Pollution: Indirect Source Rule

  4. EPA initiated the idea Developers pushed back Limited local and state efforts evolved Colusa and Butte County Air Districts Oregon and Connecticut Methodology improves San Joaquin Valley begins new era ISR Beginnings

  5. Limit indirect emissions from developments by addressing: The traffic linked to the new/modified development Project type (parking lots, highways) Energy demand from homes and businesses The pollution from construction (including equipment) Achieved by: Promoting emission-reduction measures Allowing a fee mechanism for pollution not mitigated onsite ISR Common Characteristics

  6. ISR Benefits • Long-term strategy for air quality • Preserve open space and farm land • Revitalize existing communities • Increase travel and housing choices • Reduced congestion • Improve affordable housing • opportunities • Adaptable to any community

  7. ENVIRONMENTAL DEFENSE Indirect Source Rule in California and Beyond Case Study:The San Joaquin Valley • Comprised of 8 counties • “The Nation’s Salad Bowl” • Oil and gas projects • Home to over 3.2 million residents • Largest cities are Fresno, Bakersfield, Modesto, and Stockton

  8. ENVIRONMENTAL DEFENSE Indirect Source Rule in California and Beyond The San Joaquin Valley:Primed for Pollution • Environmental and geographic factors • Diverse pollution sources • Fast-growing region with unplanned development • Increases in vehicle miles traveled

  9. The San Joaquin Valley:Air and Health • EPA: Many cities and counties in the SJV are the most polluted in the U.S. • 1 in 6 children in Fresno has asthma • 12,000 residents hospitalized for asthma each year • 460 deaths a year

  10. ENVIRONMENTAL DEFENSE Indirect Source Rule in California and Beyond

  11. ENVIRONMENTAL DEFENSE Indirect Source Rule in California and Beyond

  12. The San Joaquin Valley:Path to an ISR • Ozone and PM State Implementation Plans (SIPs) • Legislative mandate • Some developers’ desire • Rules 9510 and 3180, adopted December 2005

  13. The San Joaquin Valley ISR:Three Elements • Covered projects and pollutants • Measuring pollution reductions • Achieving reductions

  14. The San Joaquin Valley ISR:Covered Projects and Pollutants • Residential, commercial, and industrial • Based on project size and type (i.e. at least 50 residential units, 2000 sq. ft. commercial, etc.) • Does not affect small, reconstruction, or expansion projects • Mitigates NOx and PM10 • Construction equipment • Operational: 33% NOx and 50% PM10 over 10 years

  15. The San Joaquin Valley ISR:Measuring Pollution Reductions • Computer-generated models • URBEMIS • http://www.valleyair.org • Project specific

  16. The San Joaquin Valley ISR:Achieving Reductions • Onsite reduction measures • Mitigation fee for offsite reductions

  17. The San Joaquin Valley ISR:Current Status • Developers have been applying • June 2006 lawsuit • Use of fees uncertain • Other districts considering ISR approach

  18. The Future ofIndirect Source Rules • Address additional pollutants • Strive for 100% mitigation • Address all developments (small, old, and new) • Set realistic timelines

  19. ENVIRONMENTAL DEFENSE Indirect Source Rule in California and Beyond

  20. More Info • San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District: http://www.valleyair.org • Environmental Defense report on ISR: http://www.environmentaldefense.org/documents/4733_IncentivesHealthyCommunities.pdf • Kathryn Phillips, Manager, Clean Air for Life Project at Environmental Defense: kphillips@environmentaldefense.org