Social Justice “Guidelines For Success” Your Key to Good Grades! Introduction to the Course Session 1 Deacon Edward P. Munz - Justice 2006 Bishop Guertin High School www.schoolrack.com/deaconepm
What We Will Cover • “Guidelines For Success” Your Key to an “A” • Why Study Ethics and Justice? What We Will Cover… • Journal Questions to Consider • An Assignment for Next Week • What Is Justice - Why Should We Care? • Social Contract Theory - Hobbes and Rousseau • What are the Issues? • Social Service and Social Action • Types of Justice • On-Going Assignment and Final Exam. Welcome to Social Justice
Guidelines For SuccessFollow The Plan And You Will Earn A Very Nice Grade! • Be ready to work. Teacher dismisses class, not a bell • Respect for each other is mandatory • All questions and respectful comments will be honored • Class participation is highly encouraged and valued • Assignments due on due date. The easiest “F” is a missing assignment! • You determine due dates on assignments • If absent, students must follow up with teacher on missing work or class content/assignments (check website) • Position Papers • All homework must be typed.
Guidelines For SuccessDo You Want A Good Grade? Just Follow The Plan! • Class discussions and small group work. 3 to 10 minutes STAY ON TASK • Lecture notes are on website • Not a good idea to cheat • Need to talk? Make an appointment • Questions? Comments? Concerns? Issues? Problems? • Material from class, lecture, discussion, film, reading part of final grade • Keep Your Ethics Book! You’ll Need It! Let’s begin with an “A+”
Justice Website This is Your Best Friend www.schoolrack.com/deaconepm
Why Study Justice?What We Will Talk About… • Social Justice Theory and History • Sweatshop Abuse in the World • Worker Rights • Crime and Punishment • The Death Penalty • “California Project” • Violence and Peace • Using the Internet for Evil • Prejudice, Discrimination, Racism • Tapping Into Power • Waging Peace.
Assignment 1…Dueas Agreed • Watch the nightly news with a parent or guardian • Find one (1) issue that you find particularly troubling today (must be a current issue). • Be prepared to discuss it in class (Example) • Why is this a very important issue today? • What is the human effect because of this issue? • Why is the issue a “social justice concern”? • What was your discussion with a parent? • 2-page, double-spaced paper (typed) Typos? • Include cover sheet. Must be stapled.
What Is Justice? Who Cares? Why is the Study of Justice Important Especially Today? (Define “Justice”) (Relate “Justice” to World Issues)
Social Contract Theory • Social Contract“The agreement or covenant by which men [and women] are said to have abandoned the state of nature to form the society in which they now live.”http://www.answers.com/topic/social-contract • Thomas Hobbes (1651) • Abandon lawless, ill-defined state for order • Elect representatives to govern • Give representatives power over us (Personal Autonomy & Kant) • Abdicate “natural” or personal liberty to self-govern • They owe Peace, Equality, and Justice • Must represent will of people - All People! (Aristotle Utilitarianism)
Social Contract Theory • Jean Jacques Rousseau, 1762 • Social Contract Theory = Will of the people • Basis for establishing reciprocal rights, duties, privileges and responsibilities • Thomas Jefferson • Justification for American Revolution • Rights essential part of social contract • “Consent of the governed” - Fundamental • The Golden Rule - “Treat others as you would want them to treat you!”(Kant/Christian)
Crime and Punishment Fair Housing Poverty Social Security What Are The Issues? Government Representation Welfare Ageism, Sexism Arms Control Human Development Death Penalty World Debt Domestic Issues Labor Relations Penal System Equal Education Human Trafficking/Exploitation Immigration The Environment War and Peace
Social Service and Social Action • Social Service - Giving Direct Aid • Corporal Works of Mercy (Cath. Ethics) • Feed the Hungry • Give to the Poor • Clothe the Naked • Visit the Sick or Imprisoned • Care for the Vulnerable • Directly taking care of the problem, the immediate need. Haiti? Darfur?
Social Service and Social Action • Social Action - Correcting the structures that perpetuate the need - Social Justice • Becoming aware of problems we face • Asking the important question - Why? • Work toward solving the problem • Speaking on behalf of those with no voice • Voting responsibly • Writing letters, peaceful protest, showing solidarity • Actively working for resolution (Examples?) “Give someone a fish and feed them for a day, or teach them to fish and feed them for a lifetime.”
Types of Justice • Retributive Justice • Relies on retribution/revenge • You violate society, society violates you • Exacting equal or greater punishment • Criminal justice system is mostly retributive • Victim has unfair advantage so… must balance playing field through punishment • Retroactive approach as response to past crime.
Types of Justice • Restorative Justice • Goal: Restore (if possible) to before event • Restitution, not revenge/retribution • Relies on contrition to demonstrate sorrow • Apology, reaching out with compassion • Offender seeks change of attitude/behavior • A.K.A. “corrective justice” • Growing popularity with capital crime victims.
Types of Justice • Distributive Justice • “Economic Justice” society member get fair share • Based on Equity, Equality, Need • Equity = Reward equal to contributions • Equality = Reward equal to all other members regardless of contributions • Need = Need more? Get more. Need less? Get less • Fair allocation of resources is basis for society stability and well-being • With perceived unfair distribution = trouble!
Types of Justice • Commutative Justice • Render to each what is owed/due • Honest and just economic transactions • “An Eye For An Eye” You borrow $10, I repay $10 • Work 40 hours, get paid for 40 hours (balance) • Work = payment / payment = work • Doctors earn more than bookkeeper • But, $10 million baseball player v. $400K president?
Types of Justice • Procedural Justice • Implementing decision based on fair treatment • Goals are impartiality and consistency • Decision-maker neutral/separated • Those involved get voice/representation • Perceived fairness = outcomes accepted • Implementing fair procedures through negotiation, mediation, arbitration.
3rd Quarter Assignment Assignment 2 Choose one Social Justice Issue – From http://www.usccb.org (or see me for a different idea you may have). Thoroughly research this issue based only on authorized sources Actively search for articles/connections throughout the third quarter Build a portfolio of your topic including research, articles, info. Discuss your Justice Issue with an approved authority on the topic (must get prior teacher approval on authority) Maintain a ½ ” Black Binder (tabbed) with your research Include ethical terms and learning from ethics/justice class in project.