MMC 2100 Thursday Jan. 19, 2012
MMC 2100 • Updates • Check blog/sakai several times/week updates • Sakai – under Lessons • www.mmc2100ufclass.wordpress.com • Tests: 4 tests throughout semester (3 highest count toward your grade) • NO MAKEUPS
MMC 2100 • Getting ready for Personality Profile • Next week’s guest Kristin Harmel, UF alum, author • http://kristinharmel.com/ • Come with questions • Personality Profile timeline • Personality profile partners assigned in Lab 3 next week (exchange bio info) • Conduct interview between Labs 3-4 (starting next week) • Lab 4 (2 weeks): bring personality profile rough draft to lab for MANDATORY 10-minute “coaching session” with lab instructor • Lab 5: Final personality profile due
MMC 2100 • News story • Lab 2: police brief • Lab 3 (next week): longer news story w quotes/paraphrase w headline • Average 2 grades for ONE overall grade for news story • Begin counting AP Style next week’s lab • Download News Article grading rubric
Rules for writing headlines Headlines should be based on the main idea of the story Main idea should be found in the lead or introduction of the story If facts are not in the story, do not use them in a headline Avoid repetition Avoid ambiguity, insinuations and double meanings If a story qualifies a statement, the headline should also
Rules for writing headlines Use present tense verbs for headlines that refer to past or present events For the future tense, use the infinitive form of the verb (such as “to go,” “to run,” etc.) rather than the verb “will” Alliteration should be deliberate and should not go against the general tone of the story Do not use articles — “a,” “an” and “the” Do not use the conjunction “and”
Rules for writing headlines Avoid using unclear or little-known names, phrases and abbreviations in headlines Use punctuation sparingly No headline may start with a verb Headlines should be complete sentences or should imply complete sentences When a linking verb is used, it can be implied rather than spelled out
MMC 2100 headlines • Let’s look at Alligator stories
MMC 2100 • Lengths: keep things as short as possible • 1-3 sentences/paragraph • 25-30 words/sentence • Direct quote approximately every four paragraphs
MMC 2100 • Third person – NO: I, YOU, OUR, WE • Don’t editorialize by using adjectives – just state facts
Direct quotations Avoid them in the lead paragraph Use them in the rest of the story Must be accurate Quotation, speaker, verb Shorter is better Use them to support what has already been stated rather than to introduce new information
QUOTES • Direct quotes: take exact wording of another person and reproduce word for word using quotation marks • Direct quote, speaker, verb • EXAMPLE: “This was the best assignment we’ve ever completed,” Rob Marino said. “The class understood everything.” • No more than THREE sentences in a direct quote • ID speaker right away – after first sentence the first time they are quoted • Need only one attribution per paragraph DON’T start stories with direct quotes
QUOTES • Commas with Quotes sheet
Paraphrasing • Using your own words to restate another person’s ideas • EXAMPLE: Rob Marino said this was the best assignment of the year based on the students’ comprehension of the topic. USE THIS MORE WHEN QUOTING FACTS AND FIGURES
Ch. 3: Style and the Stylebook • Learning Objective: • What is the AP Stylebook and how it fits into the life of a journalist • Understand some of the major AP Style terms
Ch. 3: Style and the Stylebook • Why AP Stylebook was created? • Form consistent format for all journalists on many commonly-used terms • Updated periodically • Newest section?
Ch. 3: Style and the Stylebook • Commonly used AP headings • Symbols • Always write out percent (percent) – NOT % • Monetary amounts (dollars) – use $ -- like $4 • Days – never abbreviate (days of the week) • Months – only abbreviate when making reference to a specific date (months) • NEVER abbreviate March, April, May, June, July • Spell out when using alone or with only year – January 2012 • Jan. 19, 2012 (no th, nd) – always use figures when referring to specific dates
Ch. 3: Style and the Stylebook • AP Style issues • Titles • First and last name on first reference and then ONLY last name rest of way • NO Mr. or Mrs. Or Miss or Ms. • Capitalization • Uppercase entire title when used BEFORE name: UF President Dr. Bernie Machen • Lowercase common nouns when used AFTER title: Dr. Bernie Machen, the president of UF.
Ch. 3: Style and the Stylebook • Organizations • Write out on first reference unless acronym is well known: FBI, CIA
Ch. 3: Style and the Stylebook • Places • Only abbreviate states when using a specific city (state names) • Use abbreviation list – NOT ZIP CODE • Don’t abbreviate Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Ohio, Texas, Utah • PUNCTUATION: comma between city and state and again after state: Ocala, Fla., is a nice place.
Ch. 3: Style and the Stylebook • Addresses (addresses) • Abbreviate ONLY Avenue (Ave.), Boulevard (Blvd.) and Street (St.) when used with a SPECIFIC address (ABS) • 5053 Atlantic Ave. • What about? The 500 block of Atlantic Avenue • All other words (drive, road, etc.) always spelled out • Use figures for an address: 5053 Atlantic Ave. • Spell out and capitalize First through Ninth when used as a street name; use figures for 10th and above • Abbreviate compass points ONLY with a SPECIFIC address • 430 E. 52nd Ave. – specific • The 400 block of East 52nd Avenue – not specific
Ch. 3: Style and the Stylebook • Numbers (numerals) (OTHER USES) • Spell out: one-nine (EXCEPT in dates and addresses): There are three ways to look at the problem. • Use numerals: 10-above • There are 10 ways to look at the problem. • Ages (ages) • Always use figures: Fred Smith, 52, is the president of the club • Use hyphens if age used as adjective • A 5-year-old boy.
Ch. 3: Style and the Stylebook • Times (times) • Use figures (except noon, midnight) – but better to say 12 p.m. or 12 a.m. • No colons on full hours: 11 a.m. • Avoid redundancies • The class starts at 5 p.m. this afternoon.
AP Style • Appendix A: Copy-Editing Symbols • Also in back of AP Stylebook • AP Style Resource Sheet • Sections 3.7, 3.8, 3.9 (back of Chapter 3)