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Decibels

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Decibels

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  1. Decibels 16.8

  2. Decibels • Unit of measure to compare two sound intensities. • Based on how human ear perceives loudness. • If you double the intesity, I, the sound isn’t twice as loud. • Use a logarithmic scale

  3. Decibels • Where •  = intensity level  • I and I0 are intensities of two sounds • I0 is usually 1.0 x 10-12 W/m2 • Unit: dB (decibel) • An intensity level of zero only means that I = I0 since log (1) = 0

  4. Intensity vs Loudness • Intensity can be measured • Loudness is simply how ear perceives • Doubling intensity does not double loudness

  5. Example • You double the intensity of sound coming from a stereo. What is the change in loudness? • 2 - 1 = 3 dB • Experiment shows that if the intensity level increases by 10 dB, the sound will seem twice as loud.

  6. Practice Problems • Let me listen to low dB of your working on these • 477 CQ 15, P 59 – 62 • Total of 5 Problems