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German Articles!

German Articles!

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German Articles!

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  1. German Articles!

  2. The Basics • All German Nouns are Capitalized! • There are 3 articles in German. • These articles are: • 1. der • 2. die • 3. das

  3. When you learn a German Noun, you must also learn the article. • derHund = the dog • dieKatze = the cat • das Kind = the child • dieEltern = the parents • “The parents” is plural.

  4. DER • Der is considered masculine. • Here are some helpful hints to know if the article of the Noun is masculine or not. • The following are always masculine.

  5. DER • Days, Months, Seasons: • Montag, Juli, Sommer • Points of the Compass, Map locations and Winds: • Nordwest, Föhn • Precipitation: • Regen, Schnee, Nebel

  6. DER • Names of Cars and Trains: • VW, ICE, Mercedes • Words ending in -ismus: • Journalismus, Kommunismus, Synchronismus • (-ismus in German = -ism in English) • Words ending in -ner: • Rentner, Schaffner, Zöllner

  7. DER • The basic Atmospheric elements that end in “-stoff.” • Sauerstoff - Oxygen • Stickstoff - Nitrogen

  8. DER • The following are usually masculine. • Agents (people who do something), most Occupations and Nationalities: • Architekt, Arzt, Deutsche, Student

  9. DER • Nouns ending in -er (when referring to people): • Fahrer, Verkäufer • Names of AlcoholicDrinks: • Wein, Wodka • Names of Mountains and Lakes: • Berg, See

  10. DER • Most Rivers outside of Europe: • Amazonas, Kongo, Mississippi • Most Nouns ending in -ich, -ling and -ist: • Rettich, Schädling, Pazifist

  11. DIE • Die is considered feminine. • Here are some helpful hints to know if the article of the Noun is feminine or not. • The following are always feminine.

  12. DIE • Nouns ending in the following suffixes -heit, -keit, -tät, -ung and -schaft: • Freiheit, Schnelligkeit, Universität, Zeitung, Freundschaft • Nouns ending in -ie: • Drogerie, Geographie, Industrie • (-ie in German = -y in English)

  13. DIE • Names of Aircraft, Ships and Motorbikes: • Boeing 747, Titanic, BMW • (BMW is for the Motorcycle only) • (In English, ships are often referred to as “she.”) • Nouns ending in -ik: • Grammatik, Grafik, Klinik, Musik, Panik, Physik

  14. DIE • Borrowed (Foreign) Nouns ending in -ade, -age, -anz, -enz, -ette, -ine, -ion and -tur: • Parade, Blamage (shame), Distanz, Frequenz, Serviette, Nation, Konjunktur (economictrend) • Cardinal Numbers: • Eins, Drei

  15. DIE • The following are usually feminine. • Nouns ending in -in: • Amerikanerin, Studentin • (usually pertain to female people, occupations nationalities) • Most Nouns ending in -e: • Ecke, Ente, Grenze, Pistole

  16. DIE • Most Nouns ending in -ei: • Partei • Most types of Flowers and Trees: • Birke, Chrysanthememe, Eiche, Rose • Borrowed (Foreign) Nouns ending in -isse, -itis and -ive: • Hornisse, Initiative

  17. DAS • Das is considered neuter. • Here are some helpful hints to know if the article of the Noun is neuter or not. • The following are always neuter.

  18. DAS • Nouns ending in -chen or -lein: • Fräulein, Kannichen, Mädchen • Infinitives used as nouns (Gerunds): • Essen, Schreiben • Almost all of the 112 known ChemicalElements: • Aluminium, Zink, Zirkonium

  19. DAS • Names of Hotels, Cafes and Theaters: • Hotel, Café, Kino • Names of Colors used as Nouns: • Blau, Rot

  20. DAS • The following are usually neuter. • Geographic place names (Towns, Countries, Continents): • Berlin, Deutschland, Brasilien, Afrika • Young Animals and People: • Baby, Kücken

  21. DAS • Most Metals: • Aluminium, Kupfer • Nouns ending in -o: • Auto, Büro, Kasino, Konto, Radio, Veto, Video • Fractions: • Viertel, Drittel

  22. DAS • Most Nouns starting with -Ge: • Geschirr, Geschlecht, Gesetz • Most Borrowed (Foreign) Nouns ending in -ment: • Ressentiment, Supplement

  23. DAS • Most Nouns ending in -nis: • Versäumnis • Most Nouns ending in -tum or -um: • Christentum, Königtum

  24. Plural Die • Any Noun in German that is Plural uses the article die. • der Stuhl: dieStühle • die Dame: dieDamen • das Jahr: dieJahre • No matter the original article, if the Noun is plural, the article will always be die.

  25. Sources • www.german.about.com