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Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Surveillance Report, 2013 PowerPoint Presentation
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Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Surveillance Report, 2013

Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Surveillance Report, 2013

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Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Surveillance Report, 2013

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  1. Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Surveillance Report, 2013 Minnesota Department of Health STD Surveillance System www.health.state.mn.us/std

  2. Introduction • Under Minnesota law, physicians and laboratories must report all laboratory-confirmed cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and chancroid to the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) within one working day. • The MDH does not maintain statistics for other, non-reportable STDs (ex: herpes, HPV/genital warts). • This slide set describes trends in reportable STDs in Minnesota by person, place, and time. • Analyses exclude cases reported from federal and private prisons. STDs in Minnesota: Annual Review

  3. Introduction • STD surveillance is the systematic collection of data from cases for the purpose of monitoring the frequency and distribution of STDs in a given population. • STD surveillance data are used to detect problems, prioritize resources, develop and target interventions, and evaluate the effectiveness of interventions. STDs in Minnesota: Annual Review

  4. Interpreting STD Surveillance Data • Factors that impact the completeness and accuracy of STD data include: • Level of STD screening by healthcare providers • Individual test-seeking behavior • Sensitivity of diagnostic tests • Compliance with case reporting • Completeness of case reporting • Timeliness of case reporting • Increases and decreases in STD rates can be due to actual changes in disease occurrence and/or changes in one or more of the above factors. STDs in Minnesota: Annual Review

  5. Interpreting STD Surveillance Data • The surveillance system only includes cases with a positive laboratory test. Cases diagnosed solely on symptoms are not counted. • This year’s data like 2012 includes cases that had only a lab report and no corresponding case report form. This has increased the number of unknowns in some variables. • Surveillance data represent cases of infection, not individuals. A person with multiple infections in a given year will be counted more than once. • Caution is warranted when interpreting changes in STD numbers that can seem disproportionately large when the number of cases is small.

  6. National Context STDs in Minnesota: Annual Review

  7. Chlamydia—Rates by State, United States and Outlying Areas, 2012 National Rate = 453.5 per 100,000 population Source: Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Division of STD Prevention. 2012 Surveillance Slides.

  8. Gonorrhea—Rates by State, United States and Outlying Areas, 2012 Source: Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Division of STD Prevention. 2012 Surveillance Slides. National Rate = 106.3 per 100,000 population

  9. Primary and Secondary Syphilis—Rates by State United States and Outlying Areas, 2012 National Rate = 5.1 per 100,000 population Source: Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Division of STD Prevention. 2012 Surveillance Slides.

  10. Overview of STDs in Minnesota STDs in Minnesota: Annual Review

  11. STDs in MinnesotaRate per 100,000 by Year of Diagnosis, 2003-2013 * P&S = Primary and Secondary

  12. STDs in Minnesota:Number of Cases Reported in 2013 • Total of 23,133 STD cases reported to MDH in 2013: • 18,724 Chlamydia cases • 3,872 Gonorrhea cases • 537 Syphilis cases (all stages) • 0 Chancroid cases

  13. CHLAMYDIA STDs in Minnesota: Annual Review

  14. 2013 Minnesota Chlamydia Rates by County Rate per 100,000 persons 0 - 75 76 - 150 151 - 300 > 300 City of Minneapolis 933 City of St. Paul 834 Suburban# 245 Greater Minnesota 244 (1,425 cases missing residence information) # 7-county metro area, excluding the cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul

  15. Chlamydia Infections by Residence at Diagnosis Minnesota, 2013 Total Number of Cases = 18,724 Suburban = Seven-county metro area including Anoka, Carver, Dakota, Hennepin (excluding Minneapolis), Ramsey (excluding St. Paul), Scott, and Washington counties. Greater MN = All other Minnesota counties outside the seven-county metro area.

  16. Chlamydia Rates by GenderMinnesota, 2003-2013

  17. Chlamydia Rates by AgeMinnesota, 2003-2013

  18. Age-Specific Chlamydia Rates by Gender Minnesota, 2013

  19. Chlamydia Rates by Race/Ethnicity Minnesota, 2003-2013 2013 rates compared with Whites: Black = 10x higher American Indian = 4.5x higher Asian/PI = 2x higher Hispanic = 2.5x higher * Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.

  20. Chlamydia Rates by Race/Ethnicity Minnesota, 2003-2013 * Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.

  21. GONORRHEA STDs in Minnesota: Annual Review

  22. 2013 Minnesota Gonorrhea Rates by County Rate per 100,000 persons 0 - 10 11 - 29 30 - 100 > 100 City of Minneapolis 359 City of St. Paul 230 Suburban# 49 Greater Minnesota 23 (194 cases missing residence information) # 7-county metro area, excluding the cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul

  23. Gonorrhea Infections in Minnesotaby Residence at Diagnosis, 2013 Total Number of Cases= 3,873 Suburban = Seven-county metro area including Anoka, Carver, Dakota, Hennepin (excluding Minneapolis), Ramsey (excluding St. Paul), Scott, and Washington counties. Greater MN = All other Minnesota counties outside the seven-county metro area.

  24. Gonorrhea Rates by GenderMinnesota, 2003-2013

  25. Gonorrhea Rates by AgeMinnesota, 2003-2013

  26. Age-Specific Gonorrhea Rates by GenderMinnesota, 2013

  27. Gonorrhea Rates by Race/Ethnicity Minnesota, 2003-2013 2013 rates compared with Whites: Black = 26.5x higher American Indian = 7x higher Asian/PI = 0x higher Hispanic = 2x higher * Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.

  28. Gonorrhea Rates by Race/Ethnicity Minnesota, 2003-2013 * Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.

  29. SYPHILIS STDs in Minnesota: Annual Review

  30. Syphilis Rates by Stage of Diagnosis Minnesota, 2003-2013 * P&S = Primary and Secondary

  31. 2013 Minnesota Primary & Secondary Syphilis Rates by County Rate per 100,000 persons 0 – 0.2 0.21 – 1.0 > 1.0 City of Minneapolis 26.1 (100 cases) City of St. Paul 7.0 (20 cases) Suburban# 2.5 (55 cases) Greater Minnesota 0.7 (18 cases) # 7-county metro area, excluding the cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul

  32. Primary & Secondary Syphilis Infections in Minnesota by Residence at Diagnosis, 2013 Total Number of Cases = 193 Suburban = Seven-county metro area including Anoka, Carver, Dakota, Hennepin (excluding Minneapolis), Ramsey (excluding St. Paul), Scott, and Washington counties. Greater MN = All other Minnesota counties outside the seven-county metro area.

  33. Primary & Secondary Syphilis Rates by GenderMinnesota, 2003-2013

  34. Primary & Secondary Syphilis Rates by AgeMinnesota, 2003-2013

  35. Age-Specific Primary & Secondary Syphilis Rates by Gender, Minnesota, 2013

  36. Primary & Secondary Syphilis Cases by RaceMinnesota, 2013 Total Number of Cases = 193 *Includes persons reported with more than one race

  37. Primary & Secondary Syphilis Rates by Race/EthnicityMinnesota, 2003-2013 * Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.

  38. CHLAMYDIA AND GONORRHEA AMONGADOLESCENTS & YOUNG ADULTS (15-19 year olds) (20-24 year olds) STDs in Minnesota: Annual Review

  39. Chlamydia Disproportionately Impacts Youth Chlamydia Cases in 2013 (n = 18,724) MN Population in 2010 (n = 5,303,925)

  40. Gonorrhea Disproportionately Impacts Youth Gonorrhea Cases in 2013 (n = 3,872) MN Population in 2010 (n = 5,303,925)

  41. Characteristics of Adolescents & Young Adults†Diagnosed With Chlamydia or Gonorrhea in 2013 † Adolescents defined as 15-19 year-olds; Young Adults defined as 20-24 year-olds.

  42. Characteristics of Adolescents & Young Adults† Diagnosed With Chlamydia or Gonorrhea in 2013 Suburban = Seven-county metro area including Anoka, Carver, Dakota, Hennepin (excluding Minneapolis), Ramsey (excluding St. Paul), Scott, and Washington counties. Greater MN = All other Minnesota counties outside the seven-county metro area. † Adolescents defined as 15-19 year-olds; Young Adults defined as 20-24 year-olds.

  43. Chlamydia Rates Among Adolescents & Young Adults†by Gender in Minnesota, 2003-2013 Rate=Cases per 100,000 persons based on 2010 U.S. Census counts. † Adolescents defined as 15-19 year-olds; Young Adults defined as 20-24 year-olds.

  44. Chlamydia Cases Among Adolescents and Young Adults† by Gender and Race, Minnesota, 2013 Males (n = 3,216) Females (n = 9,527) † Adolescents defined as 15-19 year-olds; Young Adults defined as 20-24 year-olds.

  45. Chlamydia Rate Among Adolescents and Young Adults† by Race, Minnesota, 2013 Rate=Cases per 100,000 persons based on 2010 U.S. Census counts. † Adolescents defined as 15-19 year-olds; Young Adults defined as 20-24 year-olds.

  46. Gonorrhea Rates Among Adolescents & Young Adults†by Gender in Minnesota, 2003-2013 Rate=Cases per 100,000 persons based on 2010 U.S. Census counts. † Adolescents defined as 15-19 year-olds; Young Adults defined as 20-24 year-olds.

  47. Gonorrhea Cases Among Adolescents and Young Adults† by Gender and Race, 2013 Males (n = 841) Females (n = 1421) † Adolescents defined as 15-19 year-olds; Young Adults defined as 20-24 year-olds.

  48. Gonorrhea Rate Among Adolescents and Young Adults† by Race, Minnesota, 2013 Rate=Cases per 100,000 persons based on 2010 U.S. Census counts. † Adolescents defined as 15-19 year-olds; Young Adults defined as 20-24 year-olds.

  49. Summary of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Among Adolescents and Young Adults†, Minnesota, 2013 • Adolescents and young adults accounted for 68% of chlamydia and 58% of gonorrhea cases diagnosed in Minnesota. • 73% of chlamydia or gonorrhea cases diagnosed among adolescents and young adults were females. • Whites and Blacks accounted for 36% and 28% of chlamydia or gonorrhea cases, respectively. • 33% of gonorrhea or chlamydia cases were in the Cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul. † Adolescents defined as 15-19 year-olds; Young Adults defined as 20-24 year-olds.

  50. Topic of Interest: Early Syphilis Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in Minnesota STDs in Minnesota: Annual Review