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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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  1. HRISTO TRIFONOV LM118 Electronic & Computer Engineering Sexually TransmittedDiseases

  2. Contents What is a Sexually Transmitted Disease? What are the most common STD’s? Common Symptoms Treatment Conclusion

  3. What is a Sexually Transmitted Disease or STD? • STD’s are infections that are spread from person to person through intimate sexual contact.

  4. Chlamydia Gonorrhea Genital Herpes (HSV-2) Genital Warts (HPV) Hepatitis B HIV and AIDS Pubic Lice Syphilis Trichomoniasis Common STD’s

  5. Common Symptoms for Men and Women • Sores, bumps or blisters near your genitals or mouth . • Burning or pain when you urinate (pee) • Itching, bad smell or unusual discharge from your vagina/penis • Bellyache (pain in your lower abdomen) • Remember: Sometimes symptoms don't show up for weeks or months .

  6. What do I do if I have any symptoms? • If you think you have an STD you need to see your GP for check up and treatment. • If you feel nervous about getting checked for STDs, take a few deep breaths and try to relax. • The tests are quick and usually involve a blood or urine sample.

  7. Chlamydia • Caused by bacteria called Chlamydia Trachomatis. • Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. • Chlamydia is curable with antibiotics. • Young people under 25 are most likely to be infected. Chlamydia home test kit is available to buy online

  8. Gonorrhea • Caused by a bacteria known as Neisseria gonorrhoeae. • Gonorrhea is treatable with antibiotics. • You should refrain from sexual intercourse during treatment.

  9. Syphilis • Caused by bacteria called Trepenomapallidum. • If not treated Syphilis can be very dangerous and can cause brain damage and other serious health problems. • If you are diagnosed as having the disease you can be treated with antibiotics. • Very easy to cure in early stages of the disease

  10. HIV and AIDS • AIDS is one of the most deadly diseases in history. • AIDS is caused by HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus). • HIV destroys the body’s defense system (the immune system). • Thousands of people in the world become infected each year.

  11. How is HIV&AIDS treated? • There is NO cure. • If you think that you or your partner may have HIV or AIDS you need to see a doctor immediately who can do a blood test . • Prevention is the only way to protect yourself from contracting the virus.

  12. What Happens if I don’t get treated? • If you have an STD and don’t get treatment you can have some long-term effects such as: • Infertility (Unable to have babies) • Cancer • Long-term pain • Can pass disease from mother to baby • Death

  13. Conclusion • It is much easier to prevent an STD than to cure one. • The ONLY way to prevent STD’s is to abstain from ALL types of sexual intercourse. • However, if you have sex, you must use a latex condom, EVERY TIME. • Remember that condoms do not always protect you from STD’s

  14. References • www.iwannaknow.org • www.kidshealth.org • www.lib.uiowa.edu • www.healthac.org • www.afraidtoask.com • www.herpes-coldsores.com/std/pictures • www.nehc.med.navy.mil/hp/images/std_pictures • Developed and presented by HristoTrifonov • University of Limerick, EE4003.

  15. ANY QUESTIONS???