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Mental Health and the Arts

Mental Health and the Arts

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Mental Health and the Arts

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  1. Mental Health and the Arts John Geddes University of Oxford

  2. Mental health Defined mental disorders (depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, dementia “Mental health” – milder degrees of low mood, anxiety, stress, social risk factors for defined mental disorders

  3. Art Includes many activities Seems like a “good thing” Not free, potential risks – therefore needs proper evaluation

  4. Level of intervention Society/community Health care environment Professional training Individual person

  5. Society/community • Aim: health promotion, avoidance of medicalisation • Outcomes • Prevention of mental disorder • Reduction of risk factors • Promotion of social inclusion • Evaluation: social science methodology

  6. Health care environment • Aim: complementary • Outcomes • Promotion of recovery • Positive interaction with therapies • Promotion of social inclusion • Evaluation: qualitative, ?necessary

  7. Professional training • Aim: improve clinician’s ability to work with • Outcomes • Promotion of recovery • Positive interaction with therapies • Promotion of social inclusion • Evaluation: qualitative, ?necessary

  8. Specific interventions with individuals with mental disorders • Aim: to improve health status • Outcomes • Symptom reduction • Promotion of recovery • Improvement of quality of life • Reduce risk of relapse • Promote reintegration • Evaluation: Randomised evidence v. alternative therapies, to estimate relative benefits and costs; alternative designs for some outcomes

  9. Quick search of AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and MEDLINE. Search strategy was: 1 exp mental disorders/ (1210021) 2 (art therapy or music therapy or play therapy).sh. (9829) 3 exp sensory art therapies/ (21402) 4 exp creative arts therapy/ (3862) 5 or/2-4 (29919) 6 1 and 5 (4262) 7 6 and random$.mp. (129) 8 remove duplicates from 7 (118)