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Bell Ringer:

Bell Ringer:

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  1. Bell Ringer: Define and give examples of the following: Autotroph Heterotroph Herbivore Omnivore Carnivore Decomposer

  2. Feeding Relationships & Energy Flow

  3. Feeding Relationships • There are 3 main types of feeding relationships 1. Producer - Consumer 2. Predator - Prey 3. Parasite - Host

  4. Feeding Relationships Producer- all autotrophs (plants),they trap energy from the sun • Bottom of the food chain

  5. Feeding Relationships Consumer- all heterotrophs: they ingest food containing the sun’s energy • Herbivores • Carnivores • Omnivores • Decomposers

  6. Feeding Relationships CONSUMERS • Primary consumers • Eat plants • Herbivores • Secondary, tertiary … consumers • Prey animals • Carnivores or Omnivores

  7. Feeding Relationships Consumer-Carnivores-eat meat • Predators • Hunt prey animals for food.

  8. Feeding Relationships Consumer- Carnivores- eat meat • Scavengers • Feed on carrion, dead animals

  9. Feeding Relationships Consumer- Omnivores -eat both plants and animals

  10. Feeding Relationships Consumer- Decomposers • Breakdown the complex compounds of dead and decaying plants and animals into simpler molecules that can be absorbed

  11. Label Your Organism:Producer, Herbivore, Carnivore, Omnivore, Decomposer, or Scavenger

  12. Nitrosomonas is a genus of bacteria and a decomposer in the coral reef. Where would it go in our food web?

  13. Bellringer • Draw a food chain with at least 5 organisms • Must include: • 1 producer • 4 consumers (one must be a decomposer)

  14. Energy Flow Food chain- simple model that shows how energy moves through an ecosystem in ONE direction The ARROW shows where the ENERGY goes!

  15. Trophic Levels • Each link in a food chain is known as a trophic level. • Trophic levels represent a feeding step in the transfer of energy in an ecosystem.

  16. Energy Flow Food web- shows all possible feeding relationships in a community at each trophic level • Represents a network of interconnected food chains • Remember: ARROW = ENERGY

  17. Trophic Levels • Only 10% of the energy is able to be stored in the organisms tissues and transferredto the next trophic level. • The rest of the energy was used by the organism for life processes or given off as heat.

  18. Food chain Food web (just 1 path of energy) (all possible energy paths)

  19. Ecological Pyramids 3 Types: • Biomass Pyramid • Amount of living tissue in an ecosystem • Energy Pyramid • Flow of energy in an ecosystem • Pyramid of Numbers • Number of organisms in each trophic level These 3 types may be combined!

  20. Biomass Biomass- the amount of organic matter comprising a group of organisms in a habitat. • As you move up a food chain, both available energy AND biomassdecrease. • WHY???

  21. Biomass Pyramid Note: Kilogram (Kg) is a unit of mass.

  22. Energy Pyramid E N E R G Y 0.1% Tertiary consumers- top carnivores Heat Heat Heat 1% Secondary consumers-small carnivores 10% Primary consumers- Herbivores 100% Producers- Autotrophs

  23. Energy Pyramid Note: Joules (J) & Kilocalories (C) are units of energy

  24. Pyramid of Numbers