Unit 5: The Growing NationChapter 13: North and SouthChapter 14: Age of ReformChapter 15: Road to Civil War
Chapter 13 & 14Vocab and Art Smart Terms • Abolitionist • Discrimination • Famine • Nativist • Overseer • Slave Code • Underground Railroad • Fugitive • Secede • Popular Sovereignty During the mid-1800s, what were 4 ways in which the northern states differed from the southern states? How might these differences create conflict?
Immigration • The movement of people into a country
What was the largest group of immigrants between 1846 and 1860? • Irish • 1,500,000 settled in the northeast states • Famine causes mass emigration from Ireland
Self Smart and Partner Activity • Independently read The Impact of Immigration, Immigrants Face Prejudice and The Know-Nothing Party on pages 394-395. • Find a partner and answer the following questions in your notes: • What impact did immigrants have on the United States? • Did immigrants face discrimination? Give specific examples. • What political party was created to discriminate against immigrants? What was the party’s political beliefs? • What issue split this party during the 1850s?
The Know-Nothing Party • Repeal of all Naturalization Laws • None but native Americans for office • No foreigners in the military • Resistance to papal influence (Catholicism)
Pop Quiz Study Guide • Knowing the differences between the North and the South, how would southerners support the institution of slavery in an argument with a northern diplomat? Give at least 3 reasons
The South’s Argument for Slavery • Slaves were treated better than some workers in the north. • Slaves were provided with everything they needed. Northern workers had to use their small wages to buy what they needed. • Slavery was the foundation of the south’s economy. • African Americans were better off under white care. • The north of BIG GOVERNMENT had no right to judge southern existence (states rights).
Please read Life Under Slavery on pages 403-406 in your text. • We will then…
Plantation LifeQuestions • Read “Life Under Slavery”. With a partner, answer the questions. • Describe the family life & living conditions of an enslaved African American. • What were some of the cultural customs for the enslaved African Americans? • What were slave codes? • Who was Nat Turner and what did he do? • What did African Americans use to escape slavery?
Pop Quiz Study Guide List and Explain the Top 5 reasons why Slavery was worse than working conditions in the Industrial North? If you were a Slave-owner, explain 3 ways you would fix the institution and treatment of slavery (without abolishing it):
Reform:The Abolition Movement • Early 1800s: Plan to end slavery gradually • American Colonization Society • By 1830s: Slavery is still growing • Abolitionists begin calling for immediate end to slavery. • EX: The Liberator is an abolitionist newspaper Remember the Slave Trade Compromise at the Constitutional Convention……
Frederick Douglass • Escaped Maryland slavery. • Taught himself to read and write. • Leading Abolitionist of the 1800s • “Dr. King” of the 1800s
“What, to the American slave, is your Fourth of July? I answer: a day that reveals to him . . . the gross injustice and cruelty to which he is a constant victim. To him, your celebration is a sham . . . your sounds of rejoicing are empty and heartless . . . your shouts of liberty and equality, hollow mockery.” What did Douglass mean?
Conductor Station House
Harriet Tubman • Escaped at 30 years of age. • Made 19 trips back to the South to free 300 enslaved Africans. • The most famous conductor • Never caught
Chapter 13-15Vocab and Art Smart Terms • Abolitionist • Discrimination • Famine • Nativist • Overseer • Slave Code • Underground Railroad • Fugitive • Secede • Popular Sovereignty Explain three things you learned about the Underground Railroad on the back of your Uncle Tom’s Cabin Worksheet.
Let me take out one more Band Aid before I pass away in 1852 I will call it the “Compromise of 1850”
Harriet Beecher Stowe • Uncle Tom’s Cabin • 1852 • 300,000 copies sold during the first year • The novel showed slavery as a cruel and brutal system
Two slaves, Cassy and Emmeline, are hiding from their cruel master, Simon Legree. Simon threatens to beat Tom if he will not tell where Cassy and Emmeline are hiding. Tom, a Christian who has always been a loyal, hard-working slave, refuses and Simon swears that he'll conquer Tom or kill him: "Tom looked up to his master, and answered, "Mas'r, if you was sick, or in trouble, or dying, and I could save ye, I'd give ye my heart's blood; and, if taking every drop of blood in this poor old body would save your precious soul, I'd give 'em freely, as the Lord gave his for me. O, Mas'r! don't bring this great sin on your soul! It will hurt you more than 't will me! Do the worst you can, my troubles'll be over soon; but, if ye don't repent, yours won't never end!" "Like a strange snatch of heavenly music, heard in the lull of a tempest, this burst of feeling made a moment's blank pause. Legree stood aghast, and looked at Tom; and there was such a silence, that the tick of the old clock could be heard, measuring, with silent touch, the last moments of mercy and probation to that hardened heart. It was but a moment. There was one hesitating pause,--one irresolute, relenting thrill,--and the spirit of evil came back, with seven-fold vehemence; and Legree, foaming with rage, smote his victim to the ground. "Scenes of blood and cruelty are shocking to our ear and heart. What man has nerve to do, man has not nerve to hear. What brother-man and brother-Christian must suffer, cannot be told us, even in our secret chamber, it so harrows the soul! And yet, oh my country! these things are done under the shadow of thy laws! O, Christ! thy church sees them, almost in silence!" 1. How does Stowe portray slaveholders in this scene? 2. How does she portray slaves? 3. How do you think white Southerners felt when they read of Simon Legree's cruelty in Uncle Tom's Cabin?