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BRIEFING 2: LOG BOOK & PROPOSAL WRITING

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BRIEFING 2: LOG BOOK & PROPOSAL WRITING

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  1. ERT 445 – FINAL YEAR PROJECT BRIEFING 2:LOG BOOK&PROPOSAL WRITING

  2. CONTENTS OF BRIEFING • FYP Log book • Introduction of Proposal • Proposal writing guideline • Summary Semester 2013/2014

  3. FYP LOG BOOK • The FYP log book is a combination of general guidelines for the FYP and also a journal to record all FYP activities throughout the two semesters. • This book is an important mechanism for the Coordinator/Supervisor to evaluate a student's attitude and ability and also to monitor the status of the student's project throughout the semester. Semester 2013/2014

  4. Students are required to write clearly and honestly all activities performed and then to summarize their work every week. • This is essential since part of the final marks received by the students on their FYP will be based on what they have recorded in this log book. • Students are highly encouraged to maintain a separate file/folder to compile all their findings/printouts/datasheets as a complement to this log book. Semester 2013/2014

  5. A REMINDER TO STUDENTS Log book must be presented to your supervisor to be revised at least EVERY TWO WEEK. Semester 2013/2014

  6. Log Books & Records of Meetings Rubric Semester 2013/2014

  7. INTRODUCTION OF PROPOSAL • What is PROPOSAL?? • Progress report for overall project. • Project milestone. • General ideas. • Expected result. Semester 2013/2014

  8. Proposal Contents Semester 2013/2014

  9. PROPOSAL WRITING GUIDELINE

  10. Must have… • Title page • 1 ~ Introduction • 2 ~ Problem statement • 3 ~ Objective • 4 ~ Literature review • 5 ~ Methodology • 6~Expected Result • 7 ~ Gantt chart • 8 ~ Reference CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 2 CHAPTER 3 Semester 2013/2014

  11. Title Page • UniMAP logo & name • School name • Program name • Semester 1 2013/2014 • Title • Name/IC/Matrix number • Supervisor name • Date submits Semester 2013/2014

  12. Introduction (2 - 3 pages) • Required contents • Background of study • It tells briefly about the introduction of the study with current issues related to study. • Problem statement • Address the problem to be resolved. • Objectives • Stating the purpose of the project carried out. • It lists the goals for study to be conducted. Must write in form of point ( 1.,2.,3.). Semester 2013/2014

  13. Background of Study • The purpose of the Background section is to provide the reader with information that they cannot be expected to know, but which they will need to know in order to fully understand and appreciate the rest of the report. • It should explain why the project is addressing the problem described in the report, indicate an awareness of other work relevant to this problem and show clearly that the problem has not been solved by anyone else. Semester 2013/2014

  14. Your background section should end with a clear statement of the research questions problem your project is trying to answer. • These will reflect the aim of your project, but will be different in that they explain the problem you are attempting to solve. • Example: Project entitle “Nutritional Analysis in Edible Bird Nest” Semester 2013/2014 Explain

  15. EBN • Functions/benefits • Previous data • Percentage of rate/value • Usage • Cultivation area High usage but lack of information on nutritional content Address problem that not been solved yet & statement of the research question Semester 2013/2014

  16. Problem statement • Research study is done to solve a problem. So it is very important to you to explain • What is the problem to be solved? • Why this problem need to be solved? • You need to convince the reader that the problem to be solved, do exist and should be settled. Semester 2013/2014

  17. Overall Goals & Objectives • After explaining the problem statement, then you need to specify what you want to do to solve the problem. • Overall Goals - Explaining the end result that we want to achieve. It is written in the form of a general statement. Example: • The aim of this research is to develop ultra high sensitive and selective Nano Lab-On-Chip Medical Diagnostic System using integrated Microfluidics and silicon nanowires based transducer for low concentration and single bio-molecule label-free detection that lead to any related diseases using Invitro Clinical samples. Semester 2013/2014

  18. Objectives - States how the goal can be achieved. They are stated to be more focused • For example: To analyze, to design, to develop, to formulate, to propose, to evaluate, to investigate, to analyze, to calculate, to categorize, to compare, to contrast, to criticize, to differentiate, to discriminate, to distinguish, examine, experiment, arrange, assemble, collect, compose, construct, create, design, develop, formulate, manage, organize, plan, prepare, propose, appraise, assess, attach, choose compare, defend, estimate, judge, predict, select, support, evaluate Semester 2013/2014

  19. Example of Objective: • 1) To investigate the effect of inorganic silicon nanowires at various sizes for sensitivity measurement of the reaction between nanowires and bio-molecule samples.. • 2) To assess the performance of surface modification of in-organic material (silicon) for better attachment of bio-molecule marker on the inorganic nanostructure surface for immobilization and hybridizatio process. Semester 2013/2014

  20. Example: DEVELOPMENT OF BIOMASS BRIQUETTE FROM BANANA PEEL • This project is carried out to evaluate the potential of biomass briquette developed from banana peel. • The specific objectives of the study are: • To determine the physical characteristics and moisture content of banana peel • To assess the suitable methodology/procedure in order to produce high quality biomass briquette. • To evaluate on density, power consumption, calorific value and mechanical characteristic of banana peel briquette produce. Semester 2013/2014

  21. Literature review (3 - 4 pages) • This chapter describes the research carried out by others - related to ongoing projects. • This chapter also describes the techniques / methods / equipment or technology that will be taken in implementing the project / study. • Many references have to be made in this chapter. • References can be taken either from books, conference papers, journal articles, magazines, thesis and / or the internet. • All references must be clearly recorded in the text and specified in the reference list. Semester 2013/2014

  22. Example of citation • During dry period, snail will cover its body in mud and also in water with low oxygen content (C. Wilmol, B.Amaret, 2003). • Sam et al., (1991) demonstrated the possibility to use scanning electron microscopy,…… to ascertain the authenticity of EBN. C.Wilmol, B.Amaret, (2003). Isolation and Characterization of Pathogens Attacking PomaceaCanalicuta, Journal of Nature, Vol 422, pp.245-256.. Sam, C.T., Tan, P.H & Lim, C.H. (1991) Establishing the Authenticity of Edible Bird’s Nest. ISFM Medicine Scientific Review, pp . Semester 2013/2014

  23. Methodology (2 - 3 pages) • This chapter indicate how the project will be implemented to achieve the objectives. • Content may contain methods, techniques or approaches that will be used during project / study design and implementation. • This chapter also explains the justification for the use of methods or approaches as well as hardware and software requirements. • In this chapter, the expectation results of the project/study need to explain. • This chapter also contains a flowchart, diagram, etc. depending on your project/study. Semester 2013/2014

  24. Example of flowchart Semester 2013/2014

  25. Example of flowchart UPSTREAM PROCESS DOWNSTREAM PROCESS Semester 2013/2014

  26. Example of flowchart Semester 2013/2014

  27. 2 Sampling Bacteria Source 1 Pre - Treatment Testing Using RCM Medium in Serum Bottle Evaluation H2 Potential No Yes Active Inoculum Dark Fermentation Stock Culture • Optimization Studies • Inoculum Development • pH • Characterization of Agriculture Waste • Kinetic Study What type of medium?? Need to explain. Semester 2013/2014

  28. Month Sept Oct Nov Dis Jan Feb March April Literature Review Review of Methodology Submission of proposal Proposal defence Conducting Experiment Analysis of Experiment Submission of Thesis Viva Voce Example of Gantt Chart Activity Semester 2013/2014

  29. Referencing • A term used to refer to the inclusion of detailed information about the source of quotes, ideas, or illustrations you insert into your term paper to avoid plagiarism • Citing an information source used in an academic work means to employ a standardized method of acknowledging that source. • Refer guide book for method of referencing Semester 2013/2014

  30. References Style 1. Book : Author Name(s), Author Sir Name(s), (Year). Title, Edition number, Publisher, Location: Example: Holmlund, C. (1969). Fried, Avionic Navigation Systems, 1st edition, New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. USA 2. Conference Proceedings : Author(s), (Year). Article title, Name of conference, Location of conference, Pages. Example: Dore S.D., and Kershenbaum, L.S. (1994). Application of geometric nonlinear control in the process industries – a case study, Proc. IFAC Symposium, ADCHEM ‘94, Kyoto, Japan, pp 501-506. 3. Journal Paper : Author(s), (Year). Article title, Name of journal , Volume number, Pages. Example : Finkelstein M, (2006). Microfluids: Cliks and Chips, Journal of Nature, Vol 422, pp.245-256. 4. Electronic sources: • Web pages- Author(s) or Company, (Year), Title, URL, date found. Example : Vice President, 1999. University of Calgary Research Policies and Procedures Handbook. http://www.ovpr.uga.edu/rpph/rph_misn.html. Accessed on 23 February 1999. • Graphics from Encarta (or similar) needs to be referenced. Note: Read the FYP referencing guide. Semester 2013/2014

  31. Tenses – General Guidelines “Choose proper tenses” • Introduction – present tense • Literature – past tense • Rest of report/thesis- past tense • Findings – present tense Semester 2013/2014

  32. Report Style • Times New Roman • 12 • 1.5 Spacing • Maximum 12 pages Submit 23/10/12 – 3 PM 4 copies Tape binding Semester 2013/2014

  33. Introduction and Problem Statement Rubric Semester 2013/2014

  34. SUMMARY • Introduction: Serve as a frame for the rest of the report / thesis • Literature review: What are background, related theories, previous study • Methodology: How did you study the problem? Semester 2013/2014

  35. And finally…. Any questions? Semester 2013/2014