Digital Electronics Course Overview and Introduction
數位電子學 Digital Electronics • Lecturer : 顧孟愷 Mong-kai Ku • Tel: 23625336x531 • Fax: 23628167 • E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org • Office: 531 • Textbook: Microelectronic Circuit Design –by R.C. Jaeger – McGraw-Hill
Scoring • Class Participation : 10% • Home work : 20% • Mid-term : 30% • Final : 40%
What do we teach in this class? • Window to the hardware world • Fundamentals for hardware design • Industry Perspective • Hands-on Experience • SPICE • Verilog HDL
iPodSuccess Story iPod sold 173million worldwide.(2008/9) exceed 220million (2009/9) iTunes store has 10,000,000 songs; sold over 5 billion songs Apple iPod has the best hardware, software and service combination on the market.
iPhone Electronics Circuit IC LCD Embedded System Communication System Software Much more ….
Digital Electronics Electronics refers to the flow of charge (moving electrons) through semiconductors (Si, GaAs, …). Electrical refers to the flow of charge through metal conductors. Digital Electronics are Electronic System that uses digital signals Digital electronics are representations of Boolean algebra and are used in computers, digital communication systems, and other consumer products.
數位電路實驗 DIP 數位矽智財導論 VLSI / Embedded System
DE Course Highlights • Cover the course materials from industry perspective • Explores the characteristics of digital logic gates • Builds career sustaining understanding of electronics and circuit analysis skills • Ground-up approaches. Covers transistor level, gate level and advanced logic circuits
Course Outline • Introduction to Digital Electronics • Basics of Circuit Theory • SPICE • Start-up Experience – Broadcom Corp. • Solid-State Electronics • Foundry – TSMC • Solid-State Diodes and Diode Circuits • Power Electronics – Delta 台達電
Course Outline (cont.) • Field Effect Transistors • CMOS Logic Design • Introduction to Digital IC design • FPGA Design • MOS Memory and Advanced Logic Circuits
Embedded Systems • An embedded system is a special-purpose computer system designed to perform one or a few dedicated functions, often with real-time computing constraints.
Electronics Circuit An electronic circuit is a closed path formed by the interconnection of electronic components through which an electric current can flow.
Integrated Circuit integrated circuit (IC) is a miniaturized electronic circuit that has been manufactured in the surface of a thin substrate of semiconductor material. Intel 80386DX
Goals • Provide an overview of electronics • Organization of the field • Terminology • Provide career foundation cornerstones • Skills – circuit analysis • Performance estimates – what sets fundamental limits • Examples of modern and changing technology
SW/HW Boundary is Blurring • Processor takes over tasks performed by software • IBM Power 5 Processor – networking, virtual memory and message passing • IBM Power 6 Processor – database, and web sphere e-commerce • Embedded Software required tight integration between SW and HW
What should a computer scientist know about electronics? • Knowing something about physical nature of information (voltages and currents) can be useful in understanding what goes in and out of a computer, memory, etc. • Knowing something about the electronic devices (e. g. CMOS) can be useful in understanding the restrictions on size, weight and performance of working systems • Learning enough electronics to be able to carry out simple performance and power calculations can be useful in understanding the limits of actual physical hardware
IC Company • Foundry – Fabrication of IC • TSMC, UMC, Charter • Design House – Design of IC • Computer : Intel, AMD, nVidia • Communication : Qualcomm, Broadcom • Consumer : Sony, Samsung, Mediatek, MStar • DRAM : Hynix, Micron, Qimonda, Elpida • FPGA : Altera, Xilinx • EDA – Tools for IC Design • Electronic Design Automation • Synopsys, Cadence, Mentor, Magma, Springsoft
How to have a long & successful engineering career? • Know the market • Technology marketplace • Financial marketplace • Be Adaptive • Learn the fundamentals well • Broaden the horizon
IC Supplier Top 20 • Total Industry Revenue : • 270 billion USD (2007 est.) • 260 billion (2006) • 237 billion (2005) • 134 billion (1998) • Individual company: • No. 1 : Intel : 33.97 billion • TSMC : Rank 6th at 9.748 billion (2006) • UMC : Rank 21st at 3.67 billion (2006) • HTC : NT 152.56billion (2008) • Apple : 24.01 billion (2007) • Google : 21.79 billion (2008)