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Digital Electronics

Digital Electronics

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Digital Electronics

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  1. Digital Electronics Course Overview and Introduction

  2. 數位電子學 Digital Electronics • Lecturer : 顧孟愷 Mong-kai Ku • Tel: 23625336x531 • Fax: 23628167 • E-mail: mku@csie.ntu.edu.tw • Office: 531 • Textbook: Microelectronic Circuit Design –by R.C. Jaeger – McGraw-Hill

  3. Scoring • Class Participation : 10% • Home work : 20% • Mid-term : 30% • Final : 40%

  4. Microsoft

  5. Apple Inc.

  6. What do we teach in this class? • Window to the hardware world • Fundamentals for hardware design • Industry Perspective • Hands-on Experience • SPICE • Verilog HDL

  7. iPodSuccess Story iPod sold 173million worldwide.(2008/9) exceed 220million (2009/9) iTunes store has 10,000,000 songs; sold over 5 billion songs Apple iPod has the best hardware, software and service combination on the market.

  8. iPhone Electronics Circuit IC LCD Embedded System Communication System Software Much more ….

  9. iPAD

  10. Digital Electronics Electronics refers to the flow of charge (moving electrons) through semiconductors (Si, GaAs, …). Electrical refers to the flow of charge through metal conductors. Digital Electronics are Electronic System that uses digital signals Digital electronics are representations of Boolean algebra and are used in computers, digital communication systems, and other consumer products.

  11. 數位電路實驗 DIP 數位矽智財導論 VLSI / Embedded System

  12. DE Course Highlights • Cover the course materials from industry perspective • Explores the characteristics of digital logic gates • Builds career sustaining understanding of electronics and circuit analysis skills • Ground-up approaches. Covers transistor level, gate level and advanced logic circuits

  13. Course Outline • Introduction to Digital Electronics • Basics of Circuit Theory • SPICE • Start-up Experience – Broadcom Corp. • Solid-State Electronics • Foundry – TSMC • Solid-State Diodes and Diode Circuits • Power Electronics – Delta 台達電

  14. Course Outline (cont.) • Field Effect Transistors • CMOS Logic Design • Introduction to Digital IC design • FPGA Design • MOS Memory and Advanced Logic Circuits

  15. Embedded Systems • An embedded system is a special-purpose computer system designed to perform one or a few dedicated functions, often with real-time computing constraints.

  16. Electronics Circuit An electronic circuit is a closed path formed by the interconnection of electronic components through which an electric current can flow.

  17. Integrated Circuit integrated circuit (IC) is a miniaturized electronic circuit that has been manufactured in the surface of a thin substrate of semiconductor material. Intel 80386DX

  18. Goals • Provide an overview of electronics • Organization of the field • Terminology • Provide career foundation cornerstones • Skills – circuit analysis • Performance estimates – what sets fundamental limits • Examples of modern and changing technology

  19. SW/HW Boundary is Blurring • Processor takes over tasks performed by software • IBM Power 5 Processor – networking, virtual memory and message passing • IBM Power 6 Processor – database, and web sphere e-commerce • Embedded Software required tight integration between SW and HW

  20. What should a computer scientist know about electronics? • Knowing something about physical nature of information (voltages and currents) can be useful in understanding what goes in and out of a computer, memory, etc. • Knowing something about the electronic devices (e. g. CMOS) can be useful in understanding the restrictions on size, weight and performance of working systems • Learning enough electronics to be able to carry out simple performance and power calculations can be useful in understanding the limits of actual physical hardware

  21. IC Company • Foundry – Fabrication of IC • TSMC, UMC, Charter • Design House – Design of IC • Computer : Intel, AMD, nVidia • Communication : Qualcomm, Broadcom • Consumer : Sony, Samsung, Mediatek, MStar • DRAM : Hynix, Micron, Qimonda, Elpida • FPGA : Altera, Xilinx • EDA – Tools for IC Design • Electronic Design Automation • Synopsys, Cadence, Mentor, Magma, Springsoft

  22. How to have a long & successful engineering career? • Know the market • Technology marketplace • Financial marketplace • Be Adaptive • Learn the fundamentals well • Broaden the horizon

  23. IC Supplier Top 20 • Total Industry Revenue : • 270 billion USD (2007 est.) • 260 billion (2006) • 237 billion (2005) • 134 billion (1998) • Individual company: • No. 1 : Intel : 33.97 billion • TSMC : Rank 6th at 9.748 billion (2006) • UMC : Rank 21st at 3.67 billion (2006) • HTC : NT 152.56billion (2008) • Apple : 24.01 billion (2007) • Google : 21.79 billion (2008)

  24. 2007 Ranking

  25. 2006 Ranking

  26. 1998 Ranking

  27. 1988 Ranking

  28. Broadcom Corp.

  29. TSMC

  30. Rambus Inc.

  31. ARM Holdings

  32. Intel Corp.

  33. Qualcomm, Inc.

  34. MediaTek Inc.

  35. Mstar Semiconductor, Inc.

  36. Delta Electronics