Puerto Rico By: Melissa Chernow, Christina Diana, and Hayley Keith
How US got involved • US invaded PR July 26, 1898 • Gloucester fired at Spanish blockhouse • US obtained PR uncontested • Ceded to US by Spain in Dec. 1898 • Part of the Treaty of Paris
Justification vs. Motives Justifications Motives Secure station for warships to refuel Opportunity for tropical agriculture profits Guarantees presence of US naval forces in Caribbean • Citizens out of poverty • Making jobs • US compelled to expand imperialism • Felt PR should not be subjected to Spanish misrule
Reaction of local population • Citizens originally desired full independence • Resulted in PR citizenship in America • PR welcomed US saw as improvement over Spanish rule • PR dissatisfied with US instability and rule • sugar plantations, poverty, and cultural threat • Many still desired independence whereas some Puerto Ricans wanted statehood
Final Result • JoneShafroth Act created Bill of Rights • 3 branches of government • Could now join US Army • WWII Puerto Rico is an important military and naval base • Economy grew • Granted right to draft own constitution • Puerto was proclaimed as freely associated as a US commonwealth
Were actions beneficial? • Established public school system • Managed government finances • Regulated work conditions/built sanitation networks • Public works (highways) • Separated church and state powers- religious tolerance
List of Works Cited • "Maps of the Caribbean Sea & Island of Puerto Rico." Caribbean Wedding Planning; Puerto Rico Destination Wedding Planners. Web. 07 Oct. 2010. <http://www.caribbeanplanning.com/caribbean-map.htm>. • "Puerto Ricans Become U.S. Citizens, Are Recruited for War Effort — History.com This Day in History — 3/2/1917." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. Web. 08 Oct. 2010. <http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/puerto-ricans-become-us-citizens-are-recruited-for-war-effort>. • "Spanish-American War (Spain-United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Web. 10 Oct. 2010. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/558008/Spanish-American-War>.