Hawaii is the newest of the 50 U.S. states (August 21, 1959), and is the only U.S. state made up entirely of islands. It occupies most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean, southwest of the continental United States, southeast of Japan, and northeast of Australia Its capital is Honolulu on the island of O’ahu. The state encompasses nearly the entire volcanic Hawaiian Island chain, which comprises hundreds of islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km). At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight "main islands" are (from the northwest to southeast) Ni’ihau, Kaua’i,O’ahu, Moloka’i, Lāna’i, Kaho’olawe, Maui, and Hawaii. The last is by far the largest and is often called "The Big Island" to avoid confusion with the state as a whole.
Hawaii’s tallest mountain, Mauna Kea, stands at 13,796 ft (4,205 m) but is taller than Mount Everest if followed to the base of the mountain, which, lying at the floor of the Pacific Ocean, rises about 33,500 ft (10,200 m)
Protected areas: • National parks: • - Haleakala National Park nearKula, on Maui • - Hawaii Volcanoes National Park in the southeast region of the island of Hawai’i. • National historical parks: • KalaupapaNationalHistoricalPark • Kaloko-HonokōhauNational Historical Park • Other areas under the control of the National Park Service • includeAla Kahakai National Historic Trail • on the Big Island an • the USS Arizona Memorial • atPearl Harbor on O’ahu.
Population: 1.3 million. Languages : - English • Minority languages (Indo-European languages, Asian language, Tagalog (most are bilingual in Filipino), Japanese, Spanish, German, PortugueseandFrench) • Hawaiian language
Religion • Christianity • Mormonism • Judaism • Irreligious, Agnostic, Atheist
Hawaiian exports include food and apparel. These industries play a small role in the Hawaiian economy, however, due to the considerable shipping distance to viable markets, such as the West Coast of the United States. Food exports include coffee (see coffee production in Hawaii), macadamia nuts, pineapple, livestock, and sugarcane. Economy
Culture. MusicofHawaii: • Folkmusic • Jawaiian (JawaiianisaHawaiianstyleofreggaemusic. Reggaemusicisagenrethatevolvedinthelate1960’sandearly70’sinJamaica.) • Jazz • Ukulele (Thesesmallguitarsarecalledthecavaquinho.TheinstrumentbecameaverypopularoneinHawaiianculture, andamajorityofHawaiiansongsinvolvetheukulele) • ‘Ūkēkē(TheUkekeisaHawaiianmusicalbowplayedwiththemouth. It'stheonlystringedinstrumentindigenoustoHawaii.)
Customs and etiquette in Hawaii : • Visitsandgifts (Whenvisitingahome, itisconsideredgoodmannerstobringasmallgift (forexample, adessert) forone'shost..) • Thebirthdayluau(ItiscustomaryforHawai‘ifamilies, regardlessofethnicity, toholdaluautocelebrateachild'sfirstbirthday. InPolynesiancultures (andalsoinKoreanculture), thefirstbirthdayisconsideredamajormilestone.) • Weddingcustoms(itisatraditionforaJapanese-Americanbridetofold 1,001 papercranespriortoherweddingforgoodluckandlonglife.)
Education. Public schools, Colleges and universities : • independent schools: ’Iolani School ,Kamehameha Schools, Mid-Pacific Institute, and PunahouSchoo. • Brigham Young University–Hawaii, Chaminade University of Honolulu Hawaii Pacific University, or University of the Nations. The Saint Stephen Diocesan Center is a seminary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.
Famous people • Barack Obama – president in the USA • Bette Midler - is an American singer, actress • Robert Kiyosaki – writer • Israel Kamakavivoole - musician