Do NowToday’s Title: Making Assertions • In your notebook, get ready for a practice quiz: • Title: Practice Quiz for Citations • Number it #1-5
#1 • What are citations? • A.) Writing in your paper that mentions fun facts about your topic. • B.) Quotations in your paper. • C.) A mention to a published source, which gives credit to that outside source, where you found your research. • D.) A web link that will take your reader to more information about your topic.
#2 • When you paraphrase, you… • A.) restate outside sources and use it as your own in your paper • B.) restate a text or passage and give the meaning in another form, while still citing your source • C.) use quotation marks in your paper and cite the source you found the information from • D.) talk about the source you used in your paper
#3 • Which of the following would be the correct bibliography form for a book: • A.) “Literature Review” by Judy Kagel. March 2002. • B.) Kagel, Judy. “Literature Review.” New York, March 2002. • C.) New York: March 2002, Judy Kagel. Literature Review. • D.) Kagel, Judy. Literature Review. New York: Prentice Hall, 2002.
#4 • Which of the following is the correct way to cite an online source: • A.) Website Title. Day Month Year. <http://www....> • B.) Day Month Year. Website Title. • C.) Author, Website Title, Publisher. • D.) Website Title. <http://www...> Author.
#5 • How do you cite an encyclopedia article? • A.) Date of Publication. “Title of Article,” Author. • B.) Title of Encyclopedia. Date of Publication. Author. • C.) “Title of Article.” Title of Encyclopedia. Edition. Date of Publication. • D.) You do not cite encyclopedias.
Today’s Agenda!! • Glossary Builder • How to Make a Reasonable Assertion through Citations • Group Practice (Measuring Up!) • Partner Practice
Glossary Builder • Assertion-a positive statement • Citation-excerpts or quotes from other works • the act of quoting a reference (can be a person, book, etc).
Making an Assertion • Readers can believe a piece of writing is true IF it is backed up by accurate citations that SUPPORT facts in the text. • Remember, citations are quotes from other sources • Your job as a reader is to identify the citations, and use them to make an assertion about the text. • Let’s see an example of a citation in a paragraph…
Citations Example Most students want the student council elections to go on as scheduled. An article in the school newspaper find that “The results of a poll show that 82% of students polled want the elections to happen on the originally scheduled date.” This is a citation, or quote. The purpose of the citation is to give more validity, or credibility, to the paragraph. For example, as a reader, we do not have to believe that most students want the elections to go on as scheduled; however, since the writer added a reliable quote, we can now believe him.
So, how do we make an assertion based on a citation?? • In order to make a good statement based on a citation, there are three easy steps: • 1.) Decide what the author’s assertion is. (What is his/her main point). • 2.) Find citations in the passage that support the assertion. (The evidence, or supporting details). • 3.) Decide if the citations are from a reliable source (example: a friend making a statement versus a statement from a newspaper) • Let’s do an example together… This is similar to identifying the main idea and supporting details.
What you should do… Assertion (What can you infer or conclude the author is saying?) Supporting Detail 1 (direct quotation) Supporting Detail 2 (direct quotation) • When you are asked to make an assertion, I would do this in your notebook or test. • It will help you organize your thoughts, and make sure you have the assertion and details (citations). • COPY THIS IN YOUR NOTEBOOK FOR OUR EXAMPLE!!
Can someone please raise their hand and explain why this quote is not a good citation to support an assertion?? Example Assertion Chips seem to be a much more popular snack than pretzels. My friend said, “I cannot stand pretzels, plus they have too much salt.” I definitely agree with her. According to a study done in California, “76% of people prefer chips to pretzels.” Another poll in I found in the New York Times said that, “50% of people hate pretzels, and 80% prefer chips over pretzels.” The poll did not ask what type of chips people prefer, so these could be potato chips or tortilla chips; however, I can see that chips are more liked by far. One citation that supports the assertion. Can you find the assertion??
Group Practice!! • We will complete a practice in the book that will really help you understand how to make a good assertion. • When you receive your workbook, please turn to page ____ • We will answer the short answer questions on page ____.
Partner Practice • I will pass out a piece of paper that you will do with a partner. • You will read the passages, and then answer the questions in your notebook.
Homework Reminder!! • Outline due: Wednesday, February 15 • Notebooks due: Wednesday, February 15 • Check the homework website for outline template and guidelines for research report