Theme Who can tell me what theme is?
What is Theme? • the abstract concept explored in a literary work; It can also be frequently recurring ideas, such as enjoy-life while-you-can; Sometimes the theme is also called the motif; Related to life lessons. • The big idea or central message, it’s NOT the subject. Who can tell me the difference?
Theme v. Subject • The subject is usually the topic in which the author has chosen to write about. • The theme, however, makes some statement or expresses some opinion about that topic.
Subject vs. Theme • The subject or topic can be about war. • The theme may be about how war is useless. Or about how war is necessary.
How are themes revealed? • Themes are rarely stated directly. They usually must be inferred, meaning we need to search for them. • The theme is revealed by the way characters change in a story, conflicts in the story, and statements made by the narrator or characters.
What is Tone? • A way of expressing feelings or attitudes that will influence how the reader feels about the characters, events, and outcomes.
How is tone revealed? • Speakers show tone more easily than writers because they can use voice tone, gesture, and facial expressions. A writer must use words alone. • Tone may be playful, formal, intimate, angry, serious, ironic, outraged, baffled, tender, serene, depressed, etc.
Types of tone • Speakers show tone more easily than writers because they can use voice tone, gesture, and facial expressions. A writer must use words alone. • Tone may be playful, formal, intimate, angry, serious, ironic, outraged, baffled, tender, serene, depressed, etc.
What is Style? • Manner of expression; how a speaker or writer says what he says.
Types of Style Think about fashion styles. Clothes can be formal and dressy, informal and casual. They can be pretty, athletic, baggy or tight. Literary style is like the clothes that a text puts on.
Style • Handout
Point of View •The perspective from which the story is told.
Point of View • •Omniscient (adjective) \-shent\. having infinite awareness, understanding and insight Omniscient narrator – story is told by a third person whose knowledge is unlimited. The amount of omniscience the narrator is allowed can vary.
Point of View • Third-Person Limited POV – the story is told in third person, but from the viewpoint of one character in the story. • Shows no direct knowledge of what other characters are thinking or feeling.
POV • First-Person Point of View – the author disappears into one of the characters, who tells the story in the first person. • Objective Point of View – The narrator disappears into a kind of roving sound camera. Can go anywhere but can record only what is seen or heard. Readers become spectators at a movie or play.
Going Deeper • However, POV is more than just how many people are speaking and how much they know. • It’s also the way the situation is viewed.
Consider the following: • Through whose eyes are you viewing this situation. • 2. What can you tell me about that person's opinions, values, and beliefs? • 3. How do you know that this speaker feels that way?
Read The Death of Benny Paret, a newspaper article about a boxing match. • How does the author feel about the match and the boxers? • Does he have feelings or biases?
Do now: Mailer thinks/feels ____________ I know this because he says _______