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Collection and Use of Livestock Data A Local Government Perspective

Collection and Use of Livestock Data A Local Government Perspective

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Collection and Use of Livestock Data A Local Government Perspective

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  1. Collection and Use of Livestock DataA Local Government Perspective Dr. Joshua Amo. Regional Secretariat, Coast Region Email Presentation to New Perspective on Livestock data workshop Arusha, Tanzania, 10-11 August 2011

  2. What are local Government Authorities--- Definition of local government authorities • Local governments are administrative authorities over areas in a given state that are smaller than a state, established through legislation . • Local governments only act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government, the Central Government.

  3. What are local Government Authorities----- • There were 132 Local Government Authorities in Tanzania until recently; • Urban authorities-Townships, Municipalities and Cities • Rural Authorities- They are commonly known as District Councils.

  4. Mandate of Local Government Authorities... • All Local Government Authorities are mandated to play three main functions; • Maintenance of law, order and good governance • Promotion of economic and social welfare of the people in their jurisdiction     • Ensuring effective and equitable delivery of qualitative and quantitative services to the people within their areas of jurisdiction 

  5. Rationale for data collection Overarching rationales for collections / using livestock related data: • Livestock data are necessary for the process of development planning, budgeting and service delivery for livestock industry • Livestock data are essential in developing indicators which in turn are used in Monitoring and Evaluation process. • To establish the status of livestock development in a given area

  6. PoductionRelatedData 1. Livestock Population by: • Numbers • By species/breeds/categories; cattle, sheep, goats ,donkeys, pigs and poultry 2. Breed improvement : • Bull centres, Number of bulls, amount of semen collected/inseminated • Artificial inseminations centres- amount of semen straws) 3. Livestock Products/Byproducts; • Meat/mutton (carcasses, kg), Milk (litres), Eggs, • Hides and skins (pieces) • Manure, bone/blood meals, • biogas units

  7. PoductionRelatedData 4. Production Infrastructures; • Charcos/Dams (numbers), • Dips (numbers& immersions), • Hatcheries (numbers, DOCs) , • Veterinary centers (numbers/status), • Pasture and seed farms (numbers, bales, kg/tons) , • Animal feeds plants(types/numbers/productions) 5. Animal Diseases; • Types of diseases, • Number of incidences , by species • Treatments/vaccinations/deathsby species 6. Service Providers; • Extension (public/private),numbers of agents, technological packages • Veterinary Clinics/centers, Inputs suppliers, numbers 7. Pasture resources (Type, Acreage, Carrying Capacity)

  8. Marketing/ Market Related Data • No. of Livestock markets (Primary/secondary /Informal) • Holding Grounds, • Check Points; • numbers of animals presented/sold/rejected/moved/entered/checked by species (cattle, shoats, donkeys) 2. Slaughter Facilities • Abattoirs/Slaughter houses/Slaughter Slabs/Informal Slaughters : • Numbers of animals slaughtered , inspected, condemned by species • Inspection findings and reports (numbers/frequency) 3. Fees (Markets, abattoirs butcheries), rates, collections levels 4. Milk collection Points/Centres ; (numbers /litres collected) 5. Processing Plants (Meat, Milk, Hides and skins),Quantities of commodities processed)

  9. ConsumptionRelatedData Livestock Products • Meat, milk, eggs quantities consumed (tons, litres per month/year) at district/regional level • Leather industry consumption/year • No mechanism in place for capturing consumption data

  10. Methods of livestock data collection • Data Variables or indicators collection decided by? • LGA’s Management(DEDs) • Parent Ministries, MLDF, TAMISEMI • NBS 2. Data Collected • Extension Officers/market supervisors/tax collectors 3. Data Sources and Frequency • Farmers, • Traders, 4. From the farmsteads/markets/slaughter facilities/processors/product out-lets/institutions • large sample are used, units determined by type of sampling procedures

  11. Methods of livestock data collection 5. When data are collected • Surveys are carried out periodically as need arises or when directed by higher authorities 6. How data is collected • Questionnaires, interviews, direct counts/observations 7. Who pays for data collection? • Local Government Authorities, Central Government pays for costs

  12. Methods of livestock data collection How the livestock data used are collected: 1. Who first cleans / processes the data? • District Livestock Development Officer 2. What data / indicators and in what formats arrive at your institutions? • Number of animals by species, litres of milk, kgs/tons of meat, no. of cattle dips, markets, number of animals treated/vaccinated, number of diseases incidences, • Format used is produced by the authority which decides which type of data are to be collected e.g. LGAs, NBS, MLDF, TAMISEMI according to the requirement

  13. Livestock data analyses 1. Data organization and formats? • Yes, as tables • However Data Organization is a challenge for lack of skilled personnel at LGAs level e.g. qualified statisticians 2. Indicators & criteria? • Indicators are developed for the purpose of M&E and usually are developed by NBS, Sector Ministries 3. Level of spatial and time aggregation • Data aggregation at the District, Regional levels on Monthly, Quarterly, Semi-Annual, Annually

  14. Livestock data analyses……. 1. Use of livestock data collected by other organization? • Yes, like NBS, Learning/Research Instaurations 2. Data elaboration • Limited elaboration of data 3. Joint analyses of the data • Rarely carried out at LGAs levels except for nationally coordinated projects

  15. Livestock data uses….. Uses of livestock data by rank, 1st use. • Planning infrastructure and service delivery 2nd use • Preventive Disease Control measures 3rd use • Levies for Local Government Authorities Other uses • To know consumption pattern, price indicators?/demand/supply

  16. Livestock data storage Storage of livestock related Data. • Yes , stored Stored on : • On files - Hard copies • Software - Computers • LGMD?- Local Government Monitoring Database

  17. Livestock data dissemination Data Accessibility/dissemination: • Most livestock-related data are available to the general public • Mainly Through reports and through meetings • LGMD?-Local Government Monitoring Database • On request • Livestock-related data available for free

  18. Livestock data issues Main constraints related to: 1. Livestock Data Collection and use • Capacity and skills on Data collection at LGAs level • Poor monitoring and evaluation • Resource limitations • Limited sense of data ownership by LGAs • Data from some data generating businesses/activities not captured, e.g. from informal markets, informal slaughters • Actual livestock populations difficult to establish-Last census 1984, sample census not conclusive • No effective mechanism for capturing numbers/population of new born animals

  19. Livestock data issues Main constraints related to----- 2. Livestock data analyses: • Little of data analysis is carried out at LGAs level • Limited knowledge on data analysis/human resource • Working analysis tools,

  20. Livestock data issues Main constraints related to: 3. Livestock data uses (both those collected by your own institutions and by other institutions) • In the absence of data specialists at LGAs, data is put to limited use for lack of interpretations of data • Lack of prioritization for livestock data at LGAs 4. Livestock data storage and dissemination • Absence of working database to store data • Absence of online system for dissemination of data and feedback mechanism • Poor means of data dissemination to some stakeholders in rural areas due to poor communications infrastructures

  21. Options to improve livestock data • Options to improve livestock data collection • Train extension officers on proper data collection procedures, • Tools for data collection • Legislation for mandatory data collection • Education for LGAs management on importance of/ownership of data • Allocation of resources • Livestock Census to be carried out

  22. Options to improve data --- • Options to improve livestock data analyses • Data analysis tools to be developed at LGAs level • Tools and Skills to be imparted to data analysts • Options to improve livestock data storage & dissemination • Storage facilities at important levels, • Data banks and systems established • Improve infrastructures and communication • Feedback system to be enhanced • LGMD database to be improved at District level • Use of websites for dissemination of data

  23. Joint options to improve livestock data Opportunities for collaboration: 1. Collaboration with: • NBS, MLDF, TAMISEMI, Development partners • By increasing allocation of financial and developing human resources at all levels. 2. To make an effective use of emerging ICT utilities/protocols 3. Presence of Livestock Professionals and Statisticians and IT specialists at Regional Secretariats in building capacity to LGAs on data management. 4. Data sharing/experience among LGAs/Database

  24. Thank you