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UNIT 3B The Lithosphere

UNIT 3B The Lithosphere

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UNIT 3B The Lithosphere

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  1. UNIT 3BThe Lithosphere Basketball Review

  2. QUESTION 1 • Who is considered to be the “Father of Modern Geology”? • Harry Hess • James Hutton • Alfred Wegener • Charles Lyell

  3. QUESTION 2 • What law or principle states un-deformed sedimentary rock layers are older on the bottom and younger on the top? • Law of Superposition • Law of Cross-Cutting Relationships • Principle of Original Horizontality • Principle of Unconformities

  4. QUESTION 3 • One varve represents how many years of sediment deposition in glacial lake beds? • 1 • 2 • 5 • 10

  5. QUESTION 4 • New oceanic crust is continuously formed at which of the following locations? • oceanic trenches • convergent plate boundaries • subduction zones • mid-ocean ridges

  6. QUESTION 5 • Oceanic crust mainly consists of which igneous rock? • granite • andesite • basalt • rhyolite

  7. QUESTION 6 • Continental crust mainly consists of which igneous rock? • granite • andesite • basalt • rhyolite

  8. QUESTION 7 • The San Andreas Fault in California occurs along which type of plate boundary? • convergent • divergent • transform • normal

  9. QUESTION 8 • What is the largest division of geologic time? • eon • era • period • epoch

  10. QUESTION 9 • Which element was found in abundant proportions in rock layers approximately 65 MYA providing evidence for an asteroid impact resulting in dinosaur extinction? • Iron • Sulfur • Iridium • Boron

  11. QUESTION 10 • Who formed the idea of sea-floor spreading? • Harry Hess • James Hutton • Alfred Wegener • Charles Lyell

  12. QUESTION 11 • The majority of Earth’s mass and volume are contained within which layer? • crust • mantle • outer core • inner core

  13. QUESTION 12 • The two elements making up the Earth’s core include • H and He • Si and O • Fe and Ni • Mg and Ir

  14. QUESTION 13 • The plastic, silly-putty like layer of the Earth on which the lithospheric plates are constantly in motion is called the • lithosphere • continental crust • oceanic crust • asthenosphere

  15. QUESTION 14 • The average speed of P-waves in Earth’s crust is • 1.4 km/s • 1.6 km/s • 4.1 km/s • 6.1 km/s

  16. QUESTION 15 • Which type of lava has a rope-like texture and looks like dripping candle wax once it cools? • Aa • Pahoehoe • Blocky • Pillow

  17. QUESTION 16 • Which type of lava has a brittle crust formed on top of underlying molten material? • Aa • Pahoehoe • Blocky • Pillow

  18. QUESTION 17 • Which type of volcano consists of mainly non-explosive eruptions? • Cinder cone • Composite volcano • Shield volcano • Stratovolcano

  19. QUESTION 18 • Which of the following is not considered to be a tectonic plate? • Pacific • Nazca • Arabian • Atlantic