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Africa Physical Features

Africa Physical Features

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Africa Physical Features

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  1. AfricaPhysical Features

  2. Daily Objective • Students will explore the landforms and environment that makes Africa.

  3. North Africa

  4. North Africa • North Africa covers from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea. It is bordered to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.

  5. North Africa • Broad coastal plains are a main landform in North Africa

  6. North Africa • The Atlas Mountains run parallel to the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts.

  7. The Sahara • The Sahara is the world’s largestdesert. • The Sahara extends across all of North Africa. This vast desert acts as a natural barrier between North Africa and the rest of the African continent.

  8. Sahara • The climate of the Sahara has undergone cycles of wet and dry periods over thousands of years. • During some of these wet periods the desert was able to support grasslands and abundant animal life.

  9. Sahara • Today most of the Sahara is a barren expanse of rock and sand. • The desert covers about 3.5 million square miles of land. It roughly is the size of the entire United States. • In basins, seas of shifting sands called ergs form.

  10. Sahara • In other areas, wind blows the sand and dust away, leaving a gravel-covered plain. • This is called areg.

  11. The Nile • The Nile river flows through Egypt into the Mediterranean. This means that it flows to the north. • Water from the river and the Nile Delta supports crops and other vegetation, creating a fertile green strip across Egypt.

  12. The Nile • In 1960 the Aswan High Dam was completed on the upper Nile. It allowed a year round supply of water for irrigation, effectively opening new areas to farming. • The negative is that the dam blocks the yearly floods that used to fertilize the Nile Delta region of Egypt.

  13. West and Central Africa

  14. West and Central Africa • Plains and low hills mix with rainforest to make up the landscape of West and Central Africa.

  15. The Congo Basin • The Congo Basin is a huge, wet tropical lowland in Central Africa. It is the second largest rainforest. • The Congo River drains this region.

  16. East Africa

  17. East Africa • The Serengeti Plain • This is where most of the typical African wildlife would be found.

  18. East Africa • East Africa’s landscape has been formed from tectonic processes. This resulted in the formation of huge rift valleys. • The Great Rift Valley is a series of geological faults. These faults run from Mozambique to Southwest Asia.

  19. East Africa • Mt. Kilimanjaro is located near the Tanzania-Kenya border. It is the most famous of the rift’s volcanoes. Even though Kilimanjaro is near the equator, it is so high that snow always caps its twin peaks; it is the highest mountain in Africa.

  20. Ethiopian Highlands • The Ethiopian Highlands are the largest area of high elevation (5,000 ft). The highest peaks reaching near 15,000 feet above sea level. • The Ethiopian Highlands cover major parts of Ethiopia, Somalia, and Eritrea.

  21. Southern Africa

  22. Southern Africa • A narrow coastal plain stretches along the southern Africa coastline. It is less than 100 miles wide in most places. • Inland from the coastal plain, a high plateau reaches more than 4,000 feet above sea level.

  23. Drakensberg Escarpment • Drakensberg Escarpment (Dragon’s Mountain) is located in Southern Africa. • It is the tallest Mountain range in Southern Africa (11,420 Ft). • The Drakensberg was created through volcanic activity and the break up of Gondwanaland.

  24. Kalahari Desert • The Kalahari Desert covers most of Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa. • The desert receives between 3-7.5 inches of rain each year. • The area used to house many different species of wildlife. It now does not have near as many as it once did.

  25. The Namib is a coastal desert in southern Africa. The name Namib is of Nama origin and means "vast place". Namib Desert

  26. Sources,_dg_042001.jpg