Complete this statement… “Africa’s physical geography is”….
4 6 0 0 M I L E S Africa’s area =USA India Argentina Europe New Zealand China 5000 MILES
Many European nations ruled Africa throughout history… • Can you name any of these countries? • What legacies did these European countries give to the African continent?
Which European countries ruled each region? What might have influenced their choices?
Natural resources such as diamondshave an effect on the continent’s population density.
How do the continent’s climates influence population density in Africa?
What are some facts about Africa’s major climates? • Steppe-The Sahel (semi-desert) is shrinking daily from desertification becoming part of the Sahara Desert • Desert-Our world’s greatest areas of desert are found in Africa. • Tropical Savanna-Endangered animals such as elephants and lions graze in these grasslands which experience wet and dry seasons. • Tropical Rainforest-Hot, humid climate with daily rainfall. The forests are experiencing deforestation.
Picturing the climates! Desert? Tropical Rainforest? Steppe? Tropical Savanna?
Let’s look at some of Africa’s physical features… What effect do these features have on population density?
Shade and label the Ethiopian Highlands How would you describe this area’s climate?
What is Africa’s tallest mountain peak? Label this mountain on your map
Where am I? What do the colors on this map show? Nile River Delta - Egypt
Name this Western African river delta… Niger River Delta- Nigeria
The Niger River Basin • Covers 7.5% of the continent. • Extends over 10 countries. • 2,600 miles long.
Can you spot the mouth of the Congo River? What do you see in the water near this area of the Atlantic Ocean?
Valleys & Plains Great Rift Valley
Which character’s reaction would likely match your attitude when visiting Africa? • http://youtu.be/p83DZwHJx0s
How does the Rift Valley benefit Nairobi, Kenya? What might tectonic activity bring to the Rift ‘s geography?
The Drakensberg Mountains have been named many things…use the photo to the left to guess why it was called “Drakensberg . Another group named it for its resemblence to a hunting tool and weapon…. From this view the mountain resembles a piece of kitchen furniture….
The Serengeti-How do the animals in this area adapt to the climate of the Serengeti?
Match each animal to its habitat location… • Namib Desert • Lake Victoria • Ethiopian Highlands • Congo Basin Baboon Flamingoes Namaqua Chameleon Gorilla
Hunting and Fishing in Africa… Fifty pound carp from Lake Albert Kudu Bull of Kalahari Desert
Mediterranean Sea Atlas Mts. Sahara Desert Sahel Tropic of Cancer 20° N Physical Map of Africa Red Sea NileRiver L. Chad--> <--Gulf Aden NigerRiver Ethiopian Highlands L. Albert--> Great Rift Valley Serengeti Plain L. Victoria ΔKilimanjaro Equator 0° Congo River L. Tanganyika-> Indian Ocean Ruwenzori Mts. LaLake Malawi Atlantic Ocean Zambezi River Victoria Falls Tropic of Capricorn20° S Namib Desert Kalahari Desert Drakensburg Mts. Cape of Good Hope Pacific Ocean Cape of Good Hope
Copy and define these words in your notebook. • Climate • Ecosystem • Tectonic • Arid • Savanna • Oasis • Semi-arid • Predator • Adaptation • Region