What is a Mandala? • The meaning of mandala comes from Sanskrit meaning "circle." • Even though it may be dominated by squares or triangles, a mandala has a concentric structure. • Mandalas offer balancing visual elements, symbolizing unity and harmony. • The meanings of individual mandalas is usually different and unique to each mandala. • The goal of the mandala is to serve as a tool on our spiritual journey as it symbolizes cosmic and psychic order.
Tibetan Mandala Design • The Tibetan mandala is a tool for gaining wisdom and compassion and generally is depicted as a tightly balanced, geometric composition wherein deities reside. • The principal deity is housed in the center. • The mandala serves as a tool for guiding individuals along the path to enlightenment. • Monks meditate upon the mandala, imagining it as a three-dimensional palace. • The deities who reside in the palace embody philosophical views and serve as role models. • The mandala's purpose is to help transform ordinary minds into enlightened ones.
Objectives • Become aware of Radial design in art through examples of Rose windows and mandala designs from various cultures • Understand math concepts as they relate to art • Create a radial design inspired from nature-looking closely at insect, plants and/or flowers • Show awareness of color planning in selection of colors
Materials • Compasses or circle templates • Pencils • Erasers • Scissors • Markers and or colored pencils • 12” square white drawing paper
Art terms/Math vocabulary • Reflection- mirror image of a figure • Radial balance- elements that radiate out in a circular pattern from a center point • Line of symmetry- the symmetry that a figure has if it can be divided by a line into two parts that are mirror images. • Point of symmetry- rotational symmetry of 180 degrees. • Perpendicular- Two lines/planes that intersect a right angles • Diameter- a line segment that passes through the center of a circle and has its two endpoints on the circle • Radius- the distance from the center of a circle to any point on its circumference
Procedures • Trace circle template onto 12” square paper. Neatly cut out circle. • Fold the circle in half, then in quarters, then in eighths. Crease. • Unfold and draw on only one of the “pie slices” • The drawing needs to be complex and should touch the edge of the pie slice at least 3 times. • Once the pie drawing is completed, the slice is folded inward and then the back of the paper is rubbed with a smooth hard tool to transfer the drawing to the adjacent pie slice. • Outline on the adjacent pie shape- this ¼ of the circle is folded in and transferred to the next quarter. • Fold over to transfer to the other half of the circle. • Select a color plan and color using markers and/or colored pencils.
Evaluation • Did you exhibit radial balance in completing a design inspired by nature? • Did you exhibit craftsmanship in coloring your design with colored pencils and/or markers?