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Animals and Human LAnguage

Animals and Human LAnguage

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Animals and Human LAnguage

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  1. Animals and Human LAnguage

  2. Communicative and informative signals • Intentional vs. unintentional

  3. Distinctions between human language and animal communication • Displacement

  4. Distinctions between human language and animal communication • Arbitrariness

  5. Distinctions between human language and animal communication • Productivity

  6. Distinctions between human language and animal communication • Cultural transmission

  7. Distinctions between human language and animal communication • Duality

  8. Talking to animals • Chimpanzees and language: Gua→ understand 100 words → did not say any of them • Viki →scientists spent 5 years to get her say E words → managed to produce some words, rather poorly articulated versions of mama, papa, and cup.

  9. Washoe → use version of ASL → by three and a half years → she came to use signs for more than 100 words → she could even combine these signs and produce sentences. • Sarah → use plastic shapes to communicate with humans → the plastic shapes represented words and could be arranged in sequence to build sentences →able to produce sentences and understand complex structures.

  10. Lana →learned a language called Yerkish → aset of symbols on a large keyboard linked to a computer. When Lana wanted some water, she had to press four symbols, in the correct sequence, to produce the message please machine give water • criticism

  11. The controversy • Herbert Terrace • Chimpanzees produce signs in response to the demands of people • Conditional response to cues provided by human trainers • Response: experiments were conducted by eliciting responses • Animals reported to use sign language with or with no human presence

  12. Home assignments • Study questions 1 to 5