Tree Identification by Alyssa Besser UltimateTree House Challenge
Lets get movin’! Click: For the next slide For the previous slide To take the quiz
Main Menu • Navigation • Introduction • Meet Manny • The Differences in Trees • How trees are related • Learning each tree
Introduction • The Tree House market is booming! A new builder has just moved to your state and is willing to build you a tree house as long as you choose an appropriate tree. • You should know how to identify a number of trees.
Meet Manny! • Hello, my name is Manny and I’ll help you pick out a great tree! • Lets learn how to identify the different trees. • Then we can learn each individual tree.
How to Tell the Difference Opposite Alternate The first step to identification is how the leaf is placed on the branch. Are the leaves on the branch arranged oppositely or alternately?
Single Or Compound? Compound leaves have leaflets but simple leaves are one single leaf. Single Compound
Different Trees • You see, although they all have their differences that allow us to tell them apart, all trees are related somehow. • Following an aid like this will help you in your identification of trees. Opposite Alternate Compound Simple Compound Simple • Box Elder • White Ash • Buckeye • Red Maple • Silver Maple • Dogwood • Black Locust • Black Walnut • The Hickories • Willow • The Elms • The Oaks
Lets get Started! You need a big sturdy tree. Maybe not that big…Lets start looking.
Boxelder • Opposite • Compound • 3-5 leaflets • A helpful way to remember the box elder: • It’s the only leaf with 3(-5) leaflets and BOX has three letters. B.O.X.--1.2.3.
White Ash • Opposite • Compound • 5-7 leaves • Remember: There are 5-7 leaflets to one leaf, being compound refers to the leaf, not the leaflets.
Buckeye • Opposite • Compound • Very distinguishable • 5-7 leaflets • This formation is called palmate, like a palm because it has 5 leaves like we have 5 fingers.
Dogwood • Opposite • Simple • Veins in leaves curve to the tip.
Maples Sugar Maple Red Maple • Both the Sugar and the Red Maple are: • Opposite • SIMPLE • You can tell the difference between the two because the Sugar Maple leaf has five lobes while the Red Maple has only three.
Remember… Sugar maple and red maples look very different. Sugar maple have deep cut lobes Look at their shape. Try Again
Great Job! Lets Move on!
We’ve been look at leaves that are borne on the twigs oppositely now lets look at Alternate Leaves
Black Locust • Alternate • Compound • Has 7-17 leaflets
Black Walnut • Compound • Alternate • 13-23 leaflets! • Nut is edible
Black vs. Walnut • The black walnut and the black locust may seem very similar, they each have many leaves arranged oppositely on the stem but take a look at their leaf shape. • Black locust leaflets are oval shaped. • Black Walnut leaflets come to a point.
The Hickories • There are many different kinds of hickories too! But we will only learn a couple. • Each one is a compound leaf spaced alternately on the branch. • Some hickories like the shagbark hickory only have 5 leaflets, where the bitternut hickory can have up to 11 leaflets! • See the similarities?
Shagbark • Easily identifiable by the bark. • You can eat the nuts. • Three leaflets and the end of the leaf stem, they are bigger than the leaves at the base.
Bitternut Hickory • Usually has 7-9 leaflets but can have up to 11. • Leaflets are longer and sometimes curl backwards. • Known by its bright yellow buds.
Test You Knowledge! Which is alternate?
That’s the One! Good job! Keep it up!
The Elm American Elm • Alternate • Simple • Elms are double-toothed. • Asymmetrical base
The Oaks • Red Oaks • Are bristle tipped • Pin • Red • Black • White Oaks • Are rounded at the tips. • Bur • White • Chestnut • Swamp White
That’s Right! Great job, lets move on!
Lets review • Red oaks have bristle tip leaves… • And they are simple… Try Again
Correct! But what kind of hickory is it? • Shagbark • Bitternut • Butternut • Pignut
Try Try again
THAT’S RIGHT! Great job!
What leaf is this? • Bitternut Hickory • Red Maple • Buckeye • Dogwood
Lets look again Do you remember which leaf has the bright yellow buds? Try Again
Which leaf is this? • Bitternut Hickory • Red Maple • Buckeye • Black locust
Whoops! • Remember, this leaf is palmate because of the five leaves that resemble a hand. • Recall: • Is it opposite? • Is it alternate?
Correct! Good Job!! Lets keep going!
Look at this BIG tree. • This is a sycamore, see how the bark looks sickly? • The leaf is easy to identify because its so BIG.
Tulip Tree • While looking at the Sycamore, you should learn the Tulip tree. • It’s the Indiana State tree. • Also known as Yellow Poplar • The Sycamore and the Tulip tree may not look like it, but they are related because they’re both alternate and simple. • They both have long leaf stems which sets them apart from other simple, alternate leaves.
Something special. • You know, if you wanted a unique tree… • The SASAFRAS tree has three different kinds of leaves • Lets take a look at them.
You can do it! It’s the final test!
Which has a simple leaf? • Dogwood • Bitternut Hickory • Black Walnut
THAT’S RIGHT! Great job!
Lets review • The Hickories look like this • The Dogwood • And the Black Walnut
THAT’S RIGHT! Great job!