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(Bilingual Course). Microbiology. Department of Chemistry and Life Science Lecturer: Li Yong ( Email: L68116@163.com ). Preface. 海纳百川，有容乃大. First Things First Essence about Bilingual education Arrangements and requirements . Essence about bilingual education.
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(Bilingual Course) Microbiology Department of Chemistry and Life Science Lecturer: Li Yong ( Email: L68116@163.com )
Preface 海纳百川，有容乃大 • First Things First • Essence about Bilingual education • Arrangements and requirements
Essence about bilingual education • 1.1 Purpose of bilingual education • 1.2 Difficulty faced • 1.3 Misunderstanding available • 1.4 Essence about bilingual education
1.1 Purpose of bilingual education (bilingual:1 of ,containing, or expressed in two language, 2 able to speak two language equally well.) • To satisfy the need of educational authority. • Import advanced textbooks from industrialized countries; keep our textbooks’ pace with international ones.
1.2 Difficulty faced • To teacher • Selection of textbook（★★） • Giving lecture（★） • And speak English（★★★★） • To student • New knowledge itself（★）、Professional terms（★★）、Reading comprehension（long complex sentences 、special phrases★★），listening to teacher’s speaking（★★）
1.3 Misunderstanding available • Should teacher give lecture completely or most of the time in English? • Does the students acquired the requirements to read and listen ?
1.4 Essence about bilingual education • The nature of bilingual education is also to initiate students some knowledge、 cultivate their creative thinking and improve their ability to deal with new problems • Traditional cultural legacy should be inherited and English should be treated only just as a kind of tool.
…satisfying details may we enjoy in learning scientifically English
Why, you may wonder, should spiders be our friends? Because they destroy so many insects, and insects include some of the greatest enemies of the human race. Insects would make it impossible for us to live in the world; they would devour all our crops and kill our flocks and herds, if it were not for the protection we get from insect-eating animals. We owe a lot to the birds and beasts who eat insects but all of them put together kill only a fraction of the number destroyed by spiders. Moreover, unlike some of the other insect eaters, spiders never do the least harm to us or our belongings… 注释： devour ：贪婪的吃（尽）；Flocks,herds: 均指，畜群；
And then the storm burst, Okonkwo, who had been walking about aimlessly in his compound in suppressed anger, suddenly found an outlet. • “who killed this banana tree?” • A hush fell on the compound immediately. • “who killed this tree? Or are you all deaf and dumb?” • As a matter of fact the tree is very much alive. Okonkwo’s second wife had merely cut a few leaves off it to wrap some food, and she said so .without further argument Okonkwo gave her a sound beating and left her and her only daughter weeping… His anger thus satisfied ,Okonkwo decided to go out hunting.
…Each peptide bond has some double-bond character due to resonance（共享）and cannot rotate. • (b) Three bonds separate sequential carbons in a polypeptide chain1. The N-Cα and Cα-C bonds can rotate, with bond angles designated …respectively. The peptide C-N bond is not free to rotate. Other single bonds in the backbone may also be rotationally hindered, depending on the size and charge of the R groups …As one looks out from the α carbon, the φ and ψ angles increase as the carbonyl or amide nitrogens (respectively) rotate clockwise. 注释：1（本图示）一段肽链中，相邻碳原子间的三个键。peptide bond:肽键， Designated:标注（为） Hinder: 妨碍，受阻。 Clockwise:顺时针。
If you don't live in tomorrow today… • If you don't live in tomorrow today, you will live in yesterday tomorrow! • We all should always keep our future in mind, or become future-oriented, make plans for our future, make efforts for tomorrow, make preparations for things to come, and we will of course achieve a lot. • Otherwise, we will have achieved little when we get old when it is too late to get started with anything. Then the only thing we can do is to look back or live in our memories of the old days…
Arrangement • Lectures (51 hours) • Laboratory practices (30 hours) • Mini-tests (2 times) • Open-laboratory practices (3) • Discussion sections(?)
Requirements • Lecture attending • Term paper and homework • Experiment attending and experimental paper • Don’t cheat • Pass the exams
A very effective study technique to you Read Revise Record Question SQ4R Technique Survey Review 请参考教材结构版块说明。
Survey（浏览） • Briefly scan the chapter to become familiar with its general content. • The survey should give you a feel for the topic and how the chapter is approaching it.
Question • As you reach each main heading or subheading, try to compose an important question or two that you believe the section will answer； • This habit facilitates active reading and learning. Subheading:副标题。 Facilitates：使…便利，有利于。
Read Carefully read the section. Read to understand concepts and major points, and try to find the answer to your preview questions.
Revise After reading the section, revise your questions to more accurately reflect the section's contents. Revise vt. 修订, 修改 vt. & vi. 复习 Accurately: adv. 正确地,精确地
Record • Underline the information in the text that answers your questions. • This process will give you good material to use in preparing for exams.
Review Review the information by trying to answer your questions without looking at the text. You will retain much more if you review the material several times.
Tools and Help • 校内网络课程(学校主页→精品课程中找） • 金山词霸（最好是谷歌合作版） • Web 资料（如：www.cellsalive.com. http://www.microbeworld.org/) • 尝试与老外们联系。
We will discuss: • The main themes of microbiology • The experimental basis of microbiology • The general principles of cell structure and function • The classification and diversity of microorganisms • Biochemical processes in cells • The genetic basis of microbial growth and evolution • The ecological activities of microorganisms in nature • Microbe-Human Interactions: infection and disease
书籍是人类进步的阶梯： 海纳百川，有容乃大。 • Books are carriers of civilization. Without books , history is silent, literature dumb, science crippled, thought and speculation at a standstill. They are engines of change, windows on the world, lighthouse erected in a sea of time. • -- Barbara Tuchman cripple 使跛，陷于瘫痪 Erect矗立 speculation 思索
Thanks! Everybody should be involved!