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SALVAGE AND OVERHAUL

SALVAGE AND OVERHAUL. VALUE OF LOSS CONTROL (SALVAGE & OVERHAUL OPERATIONS). Adds value to the department’s services Promotes fire fighting as a craft Builds goodwill within the community Receives praise and recognition in the media Gives firefighters a feeling of accomplishment

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SALVAGE AND OVERHAUL

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  1. SALVAGE AND OVERHAUL

  2. VALUE OF LOSS CONTROL (SALVAGE & OVERHAUL OPERATIONS) • Adds value to the department’s services • Promotes fire fighting as a craft • Builds goodwill within the community • Receives praise and recognition in the media • Gives firefighters a feeling of accomplishment • Leads to better morale and efficiency among firefighters

  3. PURPOSE OF SALVAGE • To reduce damage from fire, smoke, water, heat, cold, or weather during and after a fire

  4. PURPOSES OF OVERHAUL • To search out and extinguish hidden fires • To protect the scene after the fire • To preserve evidence of the fire’s origin and cause • To restore premises to safe condition

  5. SALVAGE PLANNING • Salvage SOPs • Special preplans for buildings with high-value contents • Awareness of contents vital to businesses in commercial occupancies • Working with loss control representatives of local businesses

  6. SALVAGE PROCEDURES • When to begin salvage operations • Coordinating salvage with fire attack • How to arrange and protect building contents • Commercial occupancy challenges • Removing large quantities of water

  7. COORDINATING FIRE ATTACK & SALVAGE

  8. COORDINATING FIRE ATTACK & SALVAGE

  9. COORDINATING FIRE ATTACK & SALVAGE

  10. HOW TO ARRANGE & PROTECT BUILDING CONTENTS • Gathering in close piles in center of room • Placing high objects at ends of piles and using rolled rugs as ridgepoles • Placing small objects (pictures, curtains, lamps) on larger objects such as couches or beds • Using water-resistant materials to raise furniture off wet floors

  11. COMMERCIAL OCCUPANCY CHALLENGES • Ceiling-to-floor Display Shelves • Contents Stacked too Close to Ceiling • Unpalleted Storage High-piled Stock

  12. WAYS OF REMOVING LARGE QUANTITIES OF WATER • Cleaning clogged drains • Removing toilet fixtures • Creating scuppers • Using existing sanitary piping systems • Affixing chutes

  13. SALVAGE COVER CHARACTERISTICS • May be canvas, vinyl, or disposable plastic • Has reinforced corners and hems • Has grommets in hem edges • Is difficult to adapt plastic covers to traditional salvage cover folds

  14. SALVAGE EQUIPMENT ON APPARATUS

  15. SALVAGE EQUIPMENT ON APPARATUS

  16. LOCATION OF SALVAGE EQUIPMENT ON APPARATUS • Always locate in one area on apparatus to eliminate the need to search the apparatus for equipment • Store smaller tools and equipment on apparatus in a specially designated salvage tool box or other container to make them easy to carry

  17. Automatic sprinkler kit Carryall Floor runner Dewatering device Water vacuum Squeegee Mop and wringer bucket TYPICAL SALVAGE EQUIPMENT

  18. FOLDS & ROLLS • One-Person Roll • Two-Person Fold • Accordion Fold • One-Person Double Roll • One-Person Fold

  19. MAINTAINING SALVAGE COVERS • Inspecting • Cleaning • Drying/hanging • Repairing

  20. INSPECTING & CLEANING SALVAGE COVERS

  21. ROUTING WATER

  22. DEFINITION OF OVERHAUL • The practice of searching a fire scene to detect hidden fires or sparks that may rekindle and to identify the possible point of origin and cause of fire

  23. Battery-powered saws, drills, and screwdrivers Carryalls, buckets, and tubs Shovels, bale hooks, and pitchforks Electronic sensors Pike poles Plaster hooks Axes TOOLS & EQUIPMENT USED IN OVERHAUL

  24. OVERHAUL SAFETY GUIDELINES & PROCEDURES • Make sure that your very first overhaul step is determining the condition of the building • Wear proper protective clothing, including positive-pressure SCBA • Wear eye protection when it is safe to remove breathing apparatus • Use 1½-inch or 1¾-inch charged attack lines for extinguishing hidden fires

  25. OVERHAUL SAFETY GUIDELINES & PROCEDURES • Extinguish small hidden fires during minor overhaul operations with air-pressurized water extinguishers or booster lines, backed up by at least one attack line • Avoid additional water damage

  26. AVOIDING ADDITIONAL WATER DAMAGE • Place nozzle in such a way that if it is accidentally opened it will cause no additional water damage • Tighten or repair leaking couplings • Use a 100-foot length of hose as the first section on attack lines

  27. PRIMARY FACTORS AFFECTING BUILDING CONDITION • Fire Intensity • Amount of Water Used

  28. Sight Discoloration of materials Peeling paint Smoke emissions from cracks Cracked plaster Rippled wallpaper Burned areas Touch — Feel walls and floors for heat with the back of the hand Sound Popping or cracking of fire burning Hissing of steam INDICATORS OF HIDDEN FIRES

  29. USING AN ELECTRONIC SENSOR

  30. CHECKING FOR & EXTINGUISHING FIRE EXTENSION • If floor beams are burned at their ends where they enter a party wall— • Flush with water • Check far side of wall and extinguish as necessary • Remove, check, and extinguish insulation materials • If fire has burned around doors and windows, open door and window casings and extinguish fires

  31. CHECKING FOR & EXTINGUISHING FIRE EXTENSION • If fire has burned around a combustible roof or cornice, open the cornice and inspect for hidden fires • If sensory or electronic sensor indicates, remove materials and extinguish hidden fires in concealed spaces below floors, above ceilings, or within walls

  32. • Wear full protective clothing and eye protection • Wear SCBA for overhaul • Stand between area being pulled and doorway • Pull down and away from yourself PULLING A CEILING

  33. REMOVING DEBRIS & WATER • Use carryalls (debris bags) to remove debris • To catch falling debris • To provide a water basin for immersing small burning objects Use water vacuums, scoops, shovels, mop wringers and buckets, submersible pumps to remove water

  34. CARRYALL

  35. PRACTICAL EXERCISE Group 1 : - Correctly Fold Salvage Cover - Correctly Stack furniture - Correctly Cover furniture Equipment: - 5 pieces of furniture - 1 salvage cover Group 3 : - Correctly construct a catch all - Correctly employ a catch all in conjunction with the water chute Equipment: - 2 salvage cover - 4 pike poles Time Limit: 5 minutes Group 2 : - Correctly construct a water chute - Correctly employ a water chute Equipment: - 1 salvage cover - 5 pike poles - 4 ladders Time Limit: 5 minutes

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