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Chapter 26 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance

Chapter 26 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance

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Chapter 26 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance

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  1. Chapter 26 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance Water Balance Electrolyte Balance Acid-Base Balance Body Fluids Potluck $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 FINAL ROUND

  2. Body Fluids:$100 Question • Which of the following is not considered part of the interstitial fluid? • a. Lymph • b. Plasma • c. Cerebrospinal fluid • d. Synovial fluid ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  3. Body Fluids:$100 Answer • Which of the following is not considered part of the interstitial fluid? • a. Lymph • b. Plasma • c. Cerebrospinal fluid • d. Synovial fluid BACK TO GAME

  4. Body Fluids:$200 Question • The main intracellular electrolyte is: • a. sodium. • b. chloride. • c. potassium. • d. both sodium and chloride. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  5. Body Fluids:$200 Answer • The main intracellular electrolyte is: • a. sodium. • b. chloride. • c. potassium. • d. both sodium and chloride. BACK TO GAME

  6. Body Fluids:$300 Question • Which of the following individuals would have the highest percentage of water in their body mass composition? • a. Infants • b. Teenagers • c. Young male adults • d. Young female adults ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  7. Body Fluids:$300 Answer • Which of the following individuals would have the highest percentage of water in their body mass composition? • a. Infants • b. Teenagers • c. Young male adults • d. Young female adults BACK TO GAME

  8. Body Fluids:$400 Question • All of the following statements about electrolytes are true except: • a. they conduct an electrical current. • b. they include acids, bases, and salts. • c. they possess a greater osmotic power than nonelectrolytes. • d. they form mainly covalent bonds. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  9. Body Fluids:$400 Answer • All of the following statements about electrolytes are true except: • a. they conduct an electrical current. • b. they include acids, bases, and salts. • c. they possess a greater osmotic power than nonelectrolytes. • d. they form mainly covalent bonds. BACK TO GAME

  10. Body Fluids:$500 Question • A decrease in the osmolarity of the extracellular fluid would cause water to: • a. move into the cells. • b. move into the interstitial fluid. • c. move into the blood. • d. move into the lymph. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  11. Body Fluids:$500 Answer • A decrease in the osmolarity of the extracellular fluid would cause water to: • a. move into the cells. • b. move into the interstitial fluid. • c. move into the blood. • d. move into the lymph. BACK TO GAME

  12. Water Balance:$100 Question • The area of the brain that plays a major role in water and electrolyte balance is the: • a. cerebral cortex. • b. medulla. • c. thalamus. • d. hypothalamus. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  13. Water Balance:$100 Answer • The area of the brain that plays a major role in water and electrolyte balance is the: • a. cerebral cortex. • b. medulla. • c. thalamus. • d. hypothalamus. BACK TO GAME

  14. Water Balance:$200 Question • The driving force of water intake is: • a. ADH. • b. thirst. • c. decline in blood volume. • d. decrease in plasma osmolarity. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  15. Water Balance:$200 Answer • The driving force of water intake is: • a. ADH. • b. thirst. • c. decline in blood volume. • d. decrease in plasma osmolarity. BACK TO GAME

  16. Water Balance:$300 Question • All the following trigger ADH release except: • a. fever. • b. burns. • c. edema. • d. vomiting. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  17. Water Balance:$300 Answer • All the following trigger ADH release except: • a. fever. • b. burns. • c. edema. • d. vomiting. BACK TO GAME

  18. Water Balance:$400 Question • Which solute plays the biggest role in water reabsorption? • a. Sodium ions • b. Potassium ions • c. Bicarbonate ions • d. Calcium ions ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  19. Water Balance:$400 Answer • Which solute plays the biggest role in water reabsorption? • a. Sodium ions • b. Potassium ions • c. Bicarbonate ions • d. Calcium ions BACK TO GAME

  20. Water Balance:$500 Question • The hallmark symptom of hypotonic hydration is: • a. hyponatremia. • b. oliguria. • c. hypoproteinemia. • d. all of the above. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  21. Water Balance:$500 Answer • The hallmark symptom of hypotonic hydration is: • a. hyponatremia. • b. oliguria. • c. hypoproteinemia. • d. all of the above. BACK TO GAME

  22. Electrolyte Balance:$100 Question • “Electrolyte balance” usually refers to the balance of: • a. acids. • b. bases. • c. salts. • d. pH. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  23. Electrolyte Balance:$100 Answer • “Electrolyte balance” usually refers to the balance of: • a. acids. • b. bases. • c. salts. • d. pH. BACK TO GAME

  24. Electrolyte Balance:$200 Question • Aldosterone targets which part of the nephron? • a. Glomerulus • b. Proximal convoluted tubule • c. Distal convoluted tubule • d. Loop of Henle ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  25. Electrolyte Balance:$200 Answer • Aldosterone targets which part of the nephron? • a. Glomerulus • b. Proximal convoluted tubule • c. Distal convoluted tubule • d. Loop of Henle BACK TO GAME

  26. Electrolyte Balance:$300 Question • The only electrolyte that exerts significant osmotic pressure is the: • a. chloride ion. • b. potassium ion. • c. calcium ion. • d. sodium ion. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  27. Electrolyte Balance:$300 Answer • The only electrolyte that exerts significant osmotic pressure is the: • a. chloride ion. • b. potassium ion. • c. calcium ion. • d. sodium ion. BACK TO GAME

  28. Electrolyte Balance:$400 Question • The JGA will respond to all of the following except: • a. dehydration. • b. the sympathetic nervous system. • c. hypertension. • d. a decrease in NaCl concentration. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  29. Electrolyte Balance:$400 Answer • The JGA will respond to all of the following except: • a. dehydration. • b. the sympathetic nervous system. • c. hypertension. • d. a decrease in NaCl concentration. BACK TO GAME

  30. Electrolyte Balance:$500 Question • ANP promotes which of the following? • a. ADH release • b. Aldosterone release • c. Vasoconstriction • d. Sodium excretion ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  31. Electrolyte Balance:$500 Answer • ANP promotes which of the following? • a. ADH release • b. Aldosterone release • c. Vasoconstriction • d. Sodium excretion BACK TO GAME

  32. Acid-Base Balance:$100 Question • A normal arterial pH is: • a. 7.0. • b. 7.2. • c. 7.4. • d. 7.8. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  33. Acid-Base Balance:$100 Answer • A normal arterial pH is: • a. 7.0. • b. 7.2. • c. 7.4. • d. 7.8. BACK TO GAME

  34. Acid-Base Balance:$200 Question • The most important buffer in our plasma is: • a. bicarbonate. • b. phosphate. • c. protein. • d. All are equally important. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  35. Acid-Base Balance:$200 Answer • The most important buffer in our plasma is: • a. bicarbonate. • b. phosphate. • c. protein. • d. All are equally important. BACK TO GAME

  36. Acid-Base Balance:$300 Question • Hydrogen ions are secreted into the filtrate mainly by the: • a. proximal convoluted tubule. • b. distal convoluted tubule. • c. loop of Henle. • d. glomerulus. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  37. Acid-Base Balance:$300 Answer • Hydrogen ions are secreted into the filtrate mainly by the: • a. proximal convoluted tubule. • b. distal convoluted tubule. • c. loop of Henle. • d. glomerulus. BACK TO GAME

  38. Acid-Base Balance:$400 Question • The most important urine buffer is: • a. bicarbonate. • b. phosphate. • c. protein. • d. urea. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  39. Acid-Base Balance:$400 Answer • The most important urine buffer is: • a. bicarbonate. • b. phosphate. • c. protein. • d. urea. BACK TO GAME

  40. Acid-Base Balance:$500 Question • Which ion is reabsorbed when hydrogen ions are secreted? • a. Potassium • b. Sodium • c. Chloride • d. Calcium ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  41. Acid-Base Balance:$500 Answer • Which ion is reabsorbed when hydrogen ions are secreted? • a. Potassium • b. Sodium • c. Chloride • d. Calcium BACK TO GAME

  42. Potluck:$100 Question • Parathormone enhances the reabsorption of _______ ions • a. sodium • b. potassium • c. chloride • d. calcium ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  43. Potluck:$100 Answer • Parathormone enhances the reabsorption of _______ ions • a. sodium • b. potassium • c. chloride • d. calcium BACK TO GAME

  44. Potluck:$200 Question • Hypoproteinemia can lead to a condition called: • a. hypertension. • b. edema. • c. hypotonic hydration. • d. acidosis. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  45. Potluck:$200 Answer • Hypoproteinemia can lead to a condition called: • a. hypertension. • b. edema. • c. hypotonic hydration. • d. acidosis. BACK TO GAME

  46. Potluck:$300 Question • Which electrolyte is never secreted into the filtrate? • a. Chloride • b. Potassium • c. Calcium • d. Sodium ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  47. Potluck:$300 Answer • Which electrolyte is never secreted into the filtrate? • a. Chloride • b. Potassium • c. Calcium • d. Sodium BACK TO GAME

  48. Potluck:$400 Question • Amphoteric molecules are molecules that can: • a. act as either an acid or a base. • b. stimulate water conservation. • c. stimulate the reabsorption of sodium. • d. stimulate the excretion of hydrogen ions. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  49. Potluck:$400 Answer • Amphoteric molecules are molecules that can: • a. act as either an acid or a base. • b. stimulate water conservation. • c. stimulate the reabsorption of sodium. • d. stimulate the excretion of hydrogen ions. BACK TO GAME

  50. Potluck:$500 Question • Hyperventilation leads to: • a. respiratory acidosis. • b. respiratory alkalosis. • c. metabolic acidosis. • d. respiratory compensation. ANSWER BACK TO GAME