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Civil Registration Status in Swaziland

Civil Registration Status in Swaziland

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Civil Registration Status in Swaziland

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  1. Civil Registration Status in Swaziland Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs and Central Statistics Office Mr. A.Y. Masilela- Registrar of Births, Marriages and Deaths Ms. T. Vilane- Statistician

  2. BACKGROUND Small country covering an area of 17,364.4 square kilometres Population size of 1,018,449 Four distinct geographical regions, each with its own climate and characteristics The Swazi people are homogenous group of people sharing a common language and tradition The country is classified as a low income developing country The country was once a British protectorate and gained her independence in September 6, 1968

  3. CIVIL REGISTRATION BACKGROUND • Was first introduced in May 1927 and was mandatory to European and Coloured races • It was further extended and made compulsory to all races in 1971 • The legal basis of the current Civil Registration is the BMD Act of 1983 and Regulations – replacing the 1927 Act

  4. The Civil Registration is the mandate of the MOJCA/RGO/BMD’s • The Registration of vital events is decentralized • The mandate is now being shifted from the MOJCA to the MOHA

  5. Compilation of vital statistics from Civil Registration System. • No, but the C.S.O. does compile vital statistics from Civil Registration System as per the Statistics Act of 1967. • The C.S.O. tallies the vital events records by area and region of registration and according to whether registration was current or late

  6. this operation was long abandoned due to the following reasons: a. due to smallness of the registered events at the time b. the system of processing the data was rather too manual c. the limited number of statisticians assigned to this task were also assigned other tasks

  7. Factors hampering the production of vital statistics from Civil Registration in Swaziland • Serious Human Resource problems ranging from staff compliment to calibre • General apathy to the Civil Registration system (Civil Registration is not a priority in Government) a. whereby people do not take the initiative to register the events in the prescribed time period

  8. b. whereby Government is indifferent towards the institutions that register vital events c. whereby the other stakeholders do not co- operate in terms of playing their role and thus lead to under allocation of funds or delay in disbursing or diverting the funds elsewhere d. apathy among the registration staff which leads to inefficiency and errors in the data collection e. public illiteracy or ignorance f. absence of steering committee on Civil Registration and vital statistics

  9. Plans to improve the Civil Registration and Vital Statistics System in Swaziland • Upgrading the Civil Registration or BMD section into a Department • Automation of the manual Civil Registration system – introduction of PIN and national ID cards (population register system)

  10. Improving accessibility as well as ensuring affordability of registration services through joining hands with development partners (UNICEF) • Plans to set up statistical unit within the CR department • Legal reform – all CR related legislations • Coverage will be ascertained in the report of the census conducted in 2007

  11. THANK YOU