Parent-Teacher Collaboration To Drive Student Achievement Academic Parent-Teacher Teams (APTT) Bilingual Coordinators Network November 16, 2012 Maria C. Paredes Senior Program Associate - WestEd
Today We Will: • Develop a collective understanding of effective family engagement • Look at supporting research • Learn about Academic Parent-Teacher Teams as a promising practice and its outcomes to date
Family Engagement is parent-teacher collaboration to drive student achievement. National Family, School, and Community Engagement Working Group. June 2009
Leveraging Time: Connecting Home and School Learning 10% School 57% Away from school Student time: Six hours and fifteen minutes of instruction 180 days per year
Research Indicates That Family Engagement Is A Key Component Of Effective School Reform
Family Engagement Matters for Students and Schools % of schools substantially improving in reading • 5 “essential supports” predicted dramatic school improvement • Combined, supports had greater impact • Weakness over time in any area undermined improvement Bryk, A.Sebring, P., Allensworth, A., Luppescu, S., & Easton, J. (2010). Organizing schools for improvement: Lessons from Chicago.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
What Kinds of Family Engagement Lead to Increased Academic Achievement? The Research Meta-analyses find that: • Academic socialization matters most. • Home-based family engagement efforts predict student achievement. • Communication with school staff and participation in school-based activities is also important. • There is conflicting evidence about homework help.
APTT Theoretical Framework • Concerted cultivation—Annette Lareau, 2003 Research suggests that schools have standardized views of the proper role of parents in schooling. Social class and cultural capital provide parents with unequal resources to comply with teachers’ requests for participation in student learning. • Self-efficacy—Hoover-Dempsey, 1997 Research underscores that parents’ contributions to students’ education are grounded in large part in their role construction, invitations to participate, and self-efficacy for involvement. • High expectations—William Jeynes, 2003, 2005, 2007 A series of three meta-analyses hold that the most influential components of family engagement are the most subtle, like high expectations, loving and effective lines of communication, and parental style.
Academic Parent Teacher Teams • Started in Creighton, Arizona in 2008 as part of district-wide reform effort • Repurposes traditional parent-teacher conferences • Three classroom/group meetings and one individual meeting a year • Main components: Sharing data, modeling and practicing learning activities, setting short-term goals, and developing classroom networks • Outcomes on: reading fluency, Mathematics, parent efficacy • Participating teachers need ~8-10 hours of professional development support
From Low to High Impact Strategies Academic Parent-Teacher Teams Parent-Teacher Conferences • 30-40 minutes a year • of parent-teacher contact time • 25-30 hours of teacher time per year • to prepare and deliver • Little to no accountability • for teachers and families • Inconsistent quality from classroom • to classroom • No measurable outcomes • 4.25 hours a year of parent-teacher • collaboration time • Data drives engagement • Families receive information, • tools, and strategies to support learning • SMART goals for every student • High expectations for teachers and families • Measurable outcomes
In The Video • Look for: • Welcome and Icebreaker • Data Review • Modeling of Activities • Practice of Activities and Materials • Setting 60-Day Goals
Activity In teams, discuss reactions to the APTT video. Include observations about: • Data, modeling, materials, practice, and academic goals • Implications for parents of English learner students • Implications for school improvement
APTT Framework • Three 75-minute team meetings • One 30-minute individual • APTT Group Meeting Process • Welcome and Icebreaker • Review of grade-level • foundation skills • Data review • Modeling, materials, and practice • Setting S.M.A.R.T. goals
Foundational Grade-Level SkillsToAnchor Parent-Teacher Communication and Collaboration • Aligned to Common Core Standards • Promote grade-level success • Demand home practice • Are measured regularly through common formative assessments • Are the academic currency between parents and teachers
Background on APTT: The Creighton Story • Inner city district • Nine K-8 schools • 92% Free or reduced lunch • 85% Hispanic • 45% English learners • 65% of parents had less than an 8th grade education • 23% of parents have a GED or high school diploma • 11% of parents started high school but did not finish • 1% of parents have a college degree
Steps Taken at Creighton • Year 1 = 11 teachers • Year 2 = 79 teachers • Year 3 = 187 teachers • This year = over 210 teachers • Professional development system for teachers and administrators • System for Parent Liaison training • System for APTT teacher planning assistance and coaching • System of parent workshops focused of student grade-level learning • System for evaluation and improvement
The APTT Model To Date: Districts/Schools in: • Arizona • California • Colorado • Nebraska • Nevada • Washington, DC 2009-2010 = 11 classrooms 2010-2011 = 79 classrooms 2011-2012 = 245 classrooms 2012-2013 = about 1,095 classrooms or about 27,375 children
Professional Development and Technical Support to Schools • Orientation and action planning with school leadership team • Ongoing training, planning support, and coaching for teachers • Develop internal expertise • Parent focus groups • Data collection, evaluation, and refinement of practice
Data Sources at Creighton • iSTEEP Student Data Results • Parent Surveys • Teacher Interviews • Teacher Reflections • Parent Interviews • Student Interviews
2011-2012 Assessment Outcomes at Creighton (iSTEEP Scores in nine schools) Apparent APTT benefit for decreasing % of students at frustration level 30% - 19% =11% Apparent APTT benefit for increasing % of students at Mastery in Reading 42% - 27% =15%
2011-2012 Assessment Outcomes at Creighton (ISTEEP Scores in nine schools) Apparent APTT benefit for decreasing % of students at Frustration in Math 53% - 36% = 17% Apparent APTT benefit For increasing students at Mastery Level 36% - 21% = 15%
Assertions: Qualitative Outcomes(surveys, interviews, and teacher reflections) • Parent-teacher communication—The academic information shared with families increased awareness and facilitated shared effort in the student learning process. • Parent engagement—Parents welcomed teachers’ invitations to be involved and to be held to a higher set of expectations for engagement because coaching and support were provided. • Teacher capacity—Teachers’ ability to lead and motivate their parent classroom communities was a process of adaptation, time commitment and preparedness.
Assertions: Qualitative Outcomes(surveys, interviews, and teacher reflections) • Student achievement—Many students met or exceeded academic expectations with confidence when parents and teachers created collaborative structures of support. • Systematic approach—APTT provided the additional time and structure teachers needed to share expectations, data, activities and materials that parents needed to be engaged in the student learning process.
APTT in Washington, DC with support from the Flamboyan Foundation • Seven schools in 2011-2012 • Seventeen schools in 2012-2013
2011-2012 Pilot Results in DC Flamboyan Foundation, Washington ,DC
Operationalizing Family Engagement • Create a shared vision of what effective family engagement looks like • Adopt a research-based model: APTT • Provide ongoing professional development and support for school administrators, teachers and staff • Integrate FE into the selected core areas of school improvement • Build internal expertise for sustainability • Collect data, evaluate, refine
Challenges • Refocusing the mind set of administrators and teachers • Perceptions and believes about families • Fidelity to the model • Budget allocations • Teacher professional development • Practice materials • Translation services for families • Childcare • Time
Potential Funding Sources These programs require compliance in family engagement but efforts by schools/districts are fragmented and lack a shared vision for effective family engagement • Title I • Title III • 21st Century • Homeless • Migrant • Early Childhood • Special Education
Contact Information Maria C. Paredes email@example.com 480.823.9425