Missouri Compromise • When Missouri applied to a part of the Union, they had 10,000 enslaved African Americans • At the time, there were 11 Free and 11 Slave States represented in the Senate
Why Was the decision to allow Missouri to enter the union such an important decision?
Missouri Compromise Results: • Missouri would enter the Union as a slave state • Maine would enter the Union as a free state • Every piece of land above the 36 Degree 30 North line of the Louisiana Purchase would not allow slavery
Andrew Jackson • During the American Revolutionary War, Jackson, at age thirteen, joined a local militia as a courier • Was Major General of the Tennessee Militia during the War of 1812 • Held positions as a U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, and even the Tennessee Supreme Court Judge
Election 0f 1824 John Quincy Adams Andrew Jackson William H. Crawford Henry Clay
Results • After the results were in, Henry Clay decided to give up his electoral votes to John Quincy Adams (Corrupt Bargain) to became the Secretary of State • This amount passed that of Jackson’s • Even though Jackson received the majority of the Popular votes, he did not receive enough of the Electoral College votes • John Quincy Adams become the US’s 6th President
The Electoral College The Electoral College is a process, not a place. The founding fathers established it in the Constitution as a compromise between election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens.
Presidential election of 1828 General Andrew Jackson VS John Quincy Adams
Results • Jackson Won Hands Down • Marked the beginning of modern American politics, with the decisive establishment of democracy and the formation of the two-party system
Jackson as President (1829-1837) • In 1835, Jackson managed to reduce the federal debt to only $33,733.05, the lowest it had been since the first fiscal year of 1791. President Jackson is the only president in United States history to have paid off the national debt • Opposition to the National Bank
Opposition to the National Bank Jackson’s Reasons: * It concentrated the nation's financial strength in a single institution. * It exposed the government to control by foreign interests. * It served mainly to make the rich richer. * It exercised too much control over members of Congress. * It favored northeastern states over southern and western states
Assassination Attempt of 1835 • On January 30, 1835, what is believed to be the first attempt to kill a sitting President of the United States occurred just outside the United States Capitol. When Jackson was leaving through the East Portico after the funeral of South Carolina Representative Warren R. Davis, Richard Lawrence, an unemployed housepainter from England, aimed a pistol at Jackson, which misfired. Lawrence pulled out a second pistol, which also misfired. Historians believe the humid weather contributed to the double misfiring. Lawrence was restrained, and legend says that Jackson attacked Lawrence with his cane. Others present, including David Crockett, restrained and disarmed Lawrence.
Jackson’s ‘Unintended’ Legacy • Expansion of Slavery • Denial of rights to and removal of Native Americans • Sectional Conflicts
For the Rest of Class Turn to page 125 in your books Read sections entitled “Native Americans” and “Policy of Removal” Put in your own words: “What is it?” “Why is it significant?” Answer on a separate piece of paper to turn in