Railcar 101 The Basics of Railcars: Car Types, Components and Rules - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Railcar 101 The Basics of Railcars: Car Types, Components and Rules

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  1. Railcar 101 The Basics of Railcars: Car Types, Components and Rules How the Railroad WorksCarol Scarborough

  2. Railroad Operations • Data Flow • Train Operations Overview • Terminals • Network Operations • Interchanges DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  3. Railroad OperationsData Flow It all starts with a bill of lading Railroad Customer Service Center Movement Waybill BOL Instructions to pull car Railroad Rating System Freight Bill DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  4. Railroad OperationsData Flow Origin Switch List Train Consist Inbound Switch List Delivery Instructions DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  5. Railroad OperationsTrain Operations Overview Pull car from plant Local Yard Road Train Intermediate Classification Yard Road Train Local Yard Place car at Consignee DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  6. Railroad OperationsTerminals Origin Terminal Work Order to Pull Car Industry Crew Pulls Car Return to Local Serving Yard DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  7. Railroad OperationsTerminals Origin Terminal Local Crew Yards Train Train is inspected, bad orders marked for shop Based on waybills, switch list is produced DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  8. Railroad OperationsTerminals DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  9. Railroad OperationsTerminals Origin Terminal Yard Crews switch inbound local Yard Crews Make up Outbound Train Train Inspected DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  10. Railroad OperationsTerminals Origin Terminal Bad Order Cars Repaired or Switched Out Road Power and Crew Ordered Train Departs With Permission from Dispatcher DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  11. Railroad OperationsTerminals A “No Bill” car is handled differently Wait Pull car Arrive local yard Switched to “Hold” track Wait Car gets switched to outbound track and back in normal service “Hold” track switched Billing Received NB Charges DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  12. Railroad OperationsTerminals A “Bad Order” car is also handled differently On inbound inspection car is bad ordered Pull car Arrive local yard Switched to shop for repair Yard crew spots cars in shop or Riptrack DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  13. Railroad OperationsTerminals A “Bad Order” car is also handled differently Car is repaired and released by shop Yard crew pulls cars from shop Car gets switched to outbound track and back in normal service DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  14. Railroad OperationsTerminals Destination Terminal Train Arrives Destination Yard Arrival Track Switch List is Prepared From Inbound Consist Yard Crew Switches Inbound Train DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  15. Railroad OperationsTerminals Destination Terminal Yard Crew Makes Up Industry Local Industry Local Switches Plant Spots Load DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  16. Railroad OperationsNetwork Operations • Terminals are generally scheduled operation • Arrivals and departures at major yards are coordinated so inbound cars can be switched and depart on outbound trains in 8 -20 hours • Most blocks will depart once/day DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  17. Railroad OperationsNetwork Operations • All mainline tracks are under control of dispatcher • Arranges train “meets” and issues instructions and permission for trains to occupy tracks in their assigned territory • Corridor manager, chief dispatcher or director of operations controls overall flow of traffic and makes decision on priorities DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  18. Railroad OperationsNetwork Operations • Road trains generally have an engineer and conductor • Both must be “qualified”on the territory they operate over • Crews usually change at 100 mile or 200 mile intervals • Road trains receive inspection every 1,000 miles • Unit trains file a waiver for inspection every 1,500 miles DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  19. Railroad OperationsNetwork Operations DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  20. Railroad OperationsNetwork Operations Train Symbol HOWCM BLOCKING DEPARTING HOUSTON – ENGLEWOOD YARD 1 San Antonio 2 El Paso 3 W. Colton DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  21. Railroad OperationsNetwork Operations Time Day Dep. Houston-Englewood 1900 0 Ar. San Antonio 0400 1 Set out 1 Pick up 2, 3 in block Dep. San Antonio 0800 1 Ar. El Paso 0500 2 Set out 2 Pick up 3 Dep. El Paso 1000 2 Ar. W. Colton 1300 3 First connection WCEUM 2100 DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  22. Railroad OperationsNetwork Operations Classes of road trains • Intermodal • Automotive • High Priority Manifest • Unit Trains (coal, grain, etc.) • Manifest • Local DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  23. Railroad OperationsNetwork Operations Intermediate Terminals • Hump yards or large classification yards • Make blocks for other yards in system and interchange connections • Make up trains from various blocks DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  24. Railroad OperationsNetwork Operations DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  25. Railroad OperationsNetwork Operations Intermediate Terminals Train arrives in arrival yard Carman, bleeds air, inspects cars General yardmaster schedules train for humping DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  26. Railroad OperationsNetwork Operations Intermediate Terminals Hump engines pull train out of arrival yard and push over hump At cutoff time, general yardmaster instructs “Trim” engine crew to set blocks to departure yard Carmen lace air hoses, connect to air supply and inspect train DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  27. Railroad OperationsNetwork Operations Intermediate Terminals Road power and End of Train Device connected Crew departs with train at appropriate time DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  28. DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  29. Hump Yards • The world's largest classification yard is a hump yard • Bailey Yard in North Platte, Nebraska • Other large hump yards are: • Kansas City- Argentine - 2nd largest (BNSF) • Chicago - Clearing (BRC) • Houston- Englewood (UP) DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  30. Hump Yards • The gigantic Bailey Yard covers a total expanse of 2,850 acres and is over 8 miles in length and 2 miles wide. • The yard is made up of 315 miles of track, including 18 receiving and 16 departure tracks. • Bailey Yard handles over 10,000 cars every day. Approximately 3,000 cars are sorted daily in the yard’s two humps. DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  31. Hump Yards • Using a mound cresting 34 feet for eastbound trains and 20.1 for those heading west, these two hump yards allow four cars a minute to roll gently into any of 114 "bowl" tracks where they become part of trains headed for dozens of destinations. • Together these two yards have 18 receiving and 16 departure tracks. DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  32. Railroad OperationsInterchanges • Data Flow • Local transfers • Run-through train operations DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  33. Railroad OperationsInterchanges Data Flow RR 1 Waybill RR 2 Waybill EDI Transfer DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  34. Railroad OperationsInterchanges Local Transfers RR 1 Interchange Yard RR 1 Local train places cars on interchange track ----------------------------------- RR 2 Local train pulls cars from interchange track RR 2 Interchange Yard DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  35. Railroad OperationsInterchanges Run-Through Train Operations Indianapolis CSX St. Louis ALS UP CSX St. Elmo Houston UP DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar

  36. DTE Rail Services, Inc. Maintenance Management Seminar