Download
cropping systems affecting over winter soil nitrate dynamics and leaching n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Cropping Systems Affecting Over-winter Soil Nitrate Dynamics and Leaching PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Cropping Systems Affecting Over-winter Soil Nitrate Dynamics and Leaching

Cropping Systems Affecting Over-winter Soil Nitrate Dynamics and Leaching

85 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Cropping Systems Affecting Over-winter Soil Nitrate Dynamics and Leaching

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Cropping Systems Affecting Over-winter Soil Nitrate Dynamics and Leaching Chengci Chen, Michael Bestwick, and Yesuf Mohammed Central Ag Research Center Montana State University Nitrate in Montana Hydrologic Systems 2014 Conference, April 23-24, Helena, MT

  2. Introduction • Soil and weather conditions in central Montana

  3. Soil profile

  4. Precipitation and Crop Growth Curves

  5. Objectives • The goal of my research is to improve nitrogen use efficiency, crop yield, and reduce N loss.

  6. Approach Application timing: Fall vs. Spring Crop rotations: Fallow-winter wheat vs. Annual cropping Application amount and method:

  7. Fall application of N and Br

  8. Frozen soil in early spring

  9. Surface runoff

  10. Crop Rotations

  11. Soil NO3 under different crop rotations

  12. Yield of Winter Wheat Following Different Crop Rotations

  13. Winter wheat response to different rotations

  14. Spring wheat yield response to N input in 2013

  15. Conclusions • Fall-applied N is prone to leaching in central Montana with shallow soil profiles. • Fall-applied N may have subjected to surface runoff during snow thawing in the early spring. • Crop rotations affected water and N uptake by crops and N mineralization in soils, thereby affecting mineral N contents in the soil profiles. • Managing N from leaching to groundwater or runoff to surface water should not sacrifice crop yield and farm profits.

  16. Thank You ! Questions?