3rd Grade • Review and reinforcement of Dictionary Skills • Introduce Information Resource Packets • Focus on Research about Louisiana
27 acre tract of land 450 feet high 34 floors 27thfloor a public observation deck 14 months to build 2500 hundred rail cars were need to bring the exterior and interior marble to Baton Rouge. 249,000 square feet of building $5,000,000.00 cost in 1932. 48 front steps with the states name carved on them in order of when they joined the Union. 2 states Alaska and Hawaii were added to top step. 22nd floor are guarded by winged figures representing Law, Science, Philosophy, and Art. – 30 varieties of marble and stone were used in the interior. – First central air-conditioned system Electronic voting machines in the House and Senate the grave of Governor Huey P. Long, the driving force behind this building, is also found here. – Tallest building in Louisiana 1932 - 1969; surpassed by Plaza Tower in New Orleans. -A public observation deck is on the 27th floor. The pelican - a symbol of Louisiana - decorates many parts of the building including the stairway and grillwork - Statistics on The New Capitol
Symbols of Louisiana • The state bird is: Pelican • The state flower is: Magnolia • The state tree is: Cypress
4th Grade • Prepare for LEAP • Review all Information Resource Skills from previous years. • Introduce Almanac, Encyclopedias, Thesaurus Atlas, Biographical Dictionaries • And teach them how to turn pages!!!!
Voices from America’s Past Our New Life In America Dave Thompson Peabody Publishers New York Table of Contents Chapter page 1. Leaving Home 3 2. Voyage to America 18 3. Life in Steerage 25 4. Ellis Island 42 5. Medical Exam 61 6. Citizenship 73 Glossary 92
World Book Article: • Ellis Island was a United States reception center for immigrants for more than 60 years. It is located in New York Harbor, less than 1/2 mile (0.8 kilometer) north of Liberty Island, the home of the Statue of Liberty. Over 12 million people first entered the United States through Ellis Island. The island is named for Samuel Ellis, a merchant and farmer who owned it during the late 1700's. The United States government bought the island in 1808. • The government began using Ellis Island as an immigration station in 1892. About 35 buildings were constructed on the island. Newcomers were taken to the main building, an impressive two-story wooden structure. That building burned down in 1897, and was replaced by a three-story brick building. The immigrants were questioned by government officials and examined by doctors. Certain people were prohibited by federal law from immigrating to the United States. They included criminals, the insane, and people who had infectious diseases. But about 98 percent of those examined at Ellis Island were allowed into the country. • The island's large-scale use as an immigration station ended in 1924. The station closed completely in 1954. In 1965, the island became a national historic site, part of the existing Statue of Liberty National Monument. The site is managed and operated by the federal government's National Park Service. • The National Park Service began major repairs of the island's buildings in the 1980's. The island was reopened to the public in 1990. The main building was completely restored and is now the Ellis Island Immigration Museum. • . The museum's exhibits include old photographs, clothing, toys, and passports of immigrants. Visitors can listen to recordings of immigrants sharing their memories of Ellis Island. Several rooms, including the Registry Room or Great Hall (main reception area), now appear as they did between 1918 and 1924, the island's busiest years as an immigration station. The American Immigrant Wall of Honor, created in 1990, stands outside the museum. The names of more than 600,000 immigrants are engraved on this wall in honor of all immigrants. Both the states of New York and New Jersey have long claimed official jurisdiction over Ellis Island. In 1834, the two states agreed to give New York official jurisdiction over the land while New Jersey got jurisdiction over the surrounding water and submerged land. At the time, the island covered only 3.3 acres (1.3 hectares). But through the years, landfill added 24.2 acres (9.8 hectares) to the total area. New Jersey sued New York to gain jurisdiction over the island. In 1998, a ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court gave New Jersey jurisdiction over all of the island except the original 3.3 acres, which New York kept. All buildings on Ellis Island are owned by the federal government, and the National Park Service continues to manage and operate the site.______________Contributor:• Frank J. Coppa, Ph.D., Professor of History and Director, Doctor of Arts Program in Modern World History, St. John's University.
Ellis Island - Timeline • 1770-1790Samuel Ellis opened a tavern on the islanded on the island. • 1800-1820In 1808 Ellis Island is sold by the Ellis family to Federal Government for $10,000. • 1814 – First wave of immigration begins • Nearly five million people will arrive from Northern and Western Europe in the next forty-five years. • 1840-1860The potato blight or famine hits Ireland • 1 million Irish arrive in America in the next decade. • 1 million Germans come to America to flee political and economic unrest. • 1861-1885- Homestead Act- promising free land passes and leads to more immigrants arriving. • 1890The control of immigration is turned over to the Federal Government, and $75,000 is appropriated for construction of the first Federal Immigration Station on Ellis Island.." • 1892Ellis Island Openson January 1, 1892 as three large ships wait to land. 700 immigrants passed through Ellis Island that day, and nearly 450,000 followed through the course of that first year. 1893-1899 • 1911-1920World War I begins in 1914 and immigration to the U.S. halts. Ellis Island experiences a sharp decline in receiving immigrants - from 178,416 in 1915 to 28,867 in 1918 • 1924 • Immigration Act of 1924 restricting further immigration, the annual quota of immigrants reduces to 164,000. The buildings on Ellis Island begin to fall into neglect and abandonment. America is experiencing the end of mass immigration. • 1952 • The Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1952, and a liberalized detention policy, results in the number of detainees on the island to plummet to less than 30. • 1965After President Lyndon B. Johnson issues Proclamation 3656,Ellis Island falls under the jurisdiction of The National Park Service as part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument. • 1970-1990Ellis Island opens to the public in 1976. During this year over 50,000 people visit • 1990 • The $156 million dollar restoration of the Main Arrivals Building is completed and re-opened to the public in 1990. Since then millions of visitors have retraced the steps of their ancestors by experiencing Ellis Island.
Glossary adapt – to change to fit into a new situation anarchist- a person who believes in a lack of order and laws. anti-semitism- dislike of Jewish people bribe –to offer someone money or a gift to persuade the person to do something for you czar – on e of the male rulers of Russia garment- clothing immigrant- a person who comes to live in a country in which he or she was not born kosher – prepared according to Jewish laws matchmaker – one who arranges or tries to arrange marriages polygamist-belief in having more than one spouse pogrom- mob attack on Jewish people steerage- cheapest section of a passenger ship sweatshop- a factory in which employees work long hours at low pay under poor conditions tenement- a run-down apartment building in a crowded and poor part of a city traditions – customs, ideas, or beliefs that are passed down from parents to their children union- a group of workers joined together to improve their working conditions and pay • Number of legal immigrants admitted to the U.S. annually since 1820 Year No. of Immigrants 1820 8,400 1830 23,300 1840 84,100 1850 370,000 1860 153,600 1870 387,200 1880 455,300 1900 448,600 1910 1,041,600 1920 430,000 1930 241,700 1940 70,800 1950 249,200 1960 265,400 1970 373,300 1980 530,600 1990 1,536,500 1995 720,500 1998 660,477
Major immigration movements to the United States Source : U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service
Ellis Island I • Our New Life in America is a part of what series? a. Past Lives c. New Life b. Voices from America d. America the Beautiful • What caused the decline of immigration between 1911-1920? • What is anti-Semitism? ( Def) • Which year had the most immigrants 1880 or 1970? (Timeline) • Which year did Ellis Island close? a. 1892 c. 1954 b. 1923 d. 1924 • Where is Ellis Island located? a. Gulf of Mexico c. Atlantic Ocean b. New York Harbor d. New Jersey Sound 7. Why did the Cubans come to the United States? 8. What is the source of the Table on Major Immigration movements to the U.S.? • How many Immigrants came through Ellis Island the first year? Chart
World’s Most HarvestedPlants Further Reading Royston, Angela. Flowers, Fruits and Seeds. Plants Series. Des Plaines, ILL.:Heinermenn Library, 1999. Royston, Angela. Life Cycle of an Oak Tree. Chicago, ILL.: Heinermann Library, 2000. Saunders-Smith, Gail. Stems Growing Flowers Series. Mankato, Minn.: Pebble Books, 1998. The Visual Dictionary of Plants. Dorling Kindersley, 1992 Websites to Visit www.enchantedlearning.com www.pbs.org www.nationalgeogrphic.org Million of Tons 600 550 525 500 450 Corn Rice Wheat Veg. Fruits
Leaf The leaf is thin and flat. It absorbs light. Light energy is used to make food from carbon dioxide and water. A waxy waterproof layer protects the surface of the leaf. Veins carry substances in and out of the leaf. Gases enter and leave the leaf through tiny holes called stomata. 5 Chief Kinds of Plants found in the plant kingdom. 1. seed plants 2. ferns 3. lycopsids 4. horsetails, 5. bryophytes. Parts of a Flower
Plant Infor. Packet 1. What is the name of the Series this book is a part of? 2. List one web site you could find more information on plants 3. Were more vegetables are fruits grown in one year ? 4. On what page would you find information about poisonous plants? a. 21 b. 15 c. 18 d. 5 5. How do plants use carbon dioxide ? Oxygen? 6. List 3 things that plants need to grow? 7. What year was Life Cycle of an Oak Tree published? a. 1999 b 2000 c. 1998 d. 1992 8 What does a leaf do? 9. Define germinate. Plant Infor. Packet 1. What is the name of the Series this book is a part of? 2. List one web site you could find more information on plants 3. Were more vegetables are fruits grown in one year ? 4. On what page would you find information about poisonous plants? a. 21 b. 15 c. 18 d. 5 5. How do plants use carbon dioxide ? Oxygen? 6. List 3 things that plants need to grow? 7. What year was Life Cycle of an Oak Tree published? a. 1999 b 2000 c. 1998 d. 1992 8 What does a leaf do? 9. Define germinate.