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iRobot Create

iRobot Create. Introduction Assembled from various online resources mainly slides and pictures from Rob Kremer and Jamie Snape. Anatomy. 2020-01-02. 2. Anatomy. Bump Sensors. 2020-01-02. 3. Anatomy. 2020-01-02. 4. Overview. Based on Roomba robotic vacuum cleaner

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iRobot Create

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  1. iRobot Create Introduction Assembled from various online resources mainly slides and pictures from Rob Kremer and Jamie Snape

  2. Anatomy 2020-01-02 2

  3. Anatomy Bump Sensors 2020-01-02 3

  4. Anatomy 2020-01-02 4

  5. Overview Based on Roomba robotic vacuum cleaner Programmable with open interface of over 100 commands 32 internal and external sensors including bumpers and infrared Expansion port to add microcontroller, Bluetooth, and/or additional sensors

  6. Programming (Bluetooth) • Send Open Interface commands via a virtual serial port: 57600 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit • Linux stty –F /dev/ttyUSB0 57600 cs8 -cstopb • Receive sensor data back as packets • Using any scripting language (Perl, Python, etc.) • Drive Create forward (OI script): 128 131 (Start in safe mode) 137 0 100 128 0 (Drive forward 100 mm/s)

  7. Modes OFF Unresponsive (except START (128)) Can charge PASSIVE Sensor status commands No Actuator commands Can charge SAFE  may be recommended Sensor status commands Actuator commands But reverts to PASSIVE if moving forward and any cliff sensor is activated; any wheel drop sensor is activated; or the charger is plugged in No Charging FULL Sensor status commands Actuator commands No Charging 2020-01-02 7

  8. Modes START (128) OFF PASSIVE SAFE (131) FULL (132) START (128) START (128) SAFE (131) SAFE FULL FULL (132) 2020-01-02 8

  9. Modes: WAIT A 5th Mode: WAIT When in WAIT mode the robot does not respond to ANY input. Goes into WAIT mode for 3 commands (see WAIT slide): WAIT-DISTANCE WAIT-ANGLE WAIT-TIME WAIT-EVENT If the robot is prevented, for some reason, from traveling the distance or the angle, it won’t respond to anything (try the undocumented command 7). Use only in scripts, NOT RECOMMENDED 2020-01-02 9

  10. Programming (Microprocessor) Command Module plugs into expansion port 8-bit RISC microprocessor (~18 MHz) Upload C programs that send Open Interface commands and read sensor data Open source toolkit (Windows/Mac compatible) Four extra expansion ports to add custom hardware (sensors, LCD display, etc.)

  11. Programming (Microprocessor) Drive Create with specified velocity and radius (C function): void drive(int16_t velocity, int16_t radius) { byteTx(CmdDrive); byteTx((uint8_t)((velocity >> 8) & 0x00FF)); byteTx((uint8_t)(velocity & 0x00FF)); byteTx((uint8_t)((radius >> 8) & 0x00FF)); byteTx((uint8_t)(radius & 0x00FF)); }

  12. Actuators: Drive DRIVE (137 <velocityhigh> <velocitylow> <radiushigh> <radiuslow>) 2 short (16 bit) parameters Each represented by 2 bytes, high byte first (so a total of 5 bytes for this command) Parameter 1: velocity in mm/sec -500 to +500 (-ve means “backwards”) Parameter 2: curve radius in mm -2000 to +2000 where -ve means clockwise and +ve means counterclockwise 32768 means “go straight” -1 and +1 mean spin in place clockwise, counterclockwise respectively 2020-01-02 12

  13. Actuators: LEDs LEDs (139 <Adv&Play> <powerColor> <powerInten>) Adv&Play: Bit 1 (=2): Play LED Bit 3 (=8): Advance LED PowerColor (0-255): 0=green; 255=red PowerIntensity (0-255) 0=off; 255=full intensity 2020-01-02 13

  14. Actuators: Send IR SEND-IR (151 <IRbyte>) Sends a byte using an add-on circuit and a IR LED Can be received by the omnidirectional IR receiver at the front of the robot Could be use to transmit short-distance identifiers for each robot 2020-01-02 14

  15. Actuators: Songs Load a song 140 <song#> <length> {<note> <duration>}* <song#>: 0-15 <length>: number of notes (1/2 of bytes) (up to 16 notes) <note>: see table in OI Manual <duration>: in 1/64 second (31=G@49.0Hz … 127=G@12543.9Hz) Play a song 141 <song#> Doesn’t work if a song is already playing 2020-01-02 15

  16. Inputs: Sensors Read Sensors 142 <packetID> Packets 0-6 are “packet groups” (eg: 0 is sensors 7-26, which is 26 bytes [some are two-byte returns]) Packets 7-42 are individual sensors Either numerical values (1 or 2 bytes) or bitmaps See OI Manual Also a commands for: reading a list of sensors (149) requesting a continuous stream of packet data (148) pausing/resuming a stream (150) 2020-01-02 16

  17. Sensor Groups Packets 2020-01-02 17

  18. Sensor Single Packets 2020-01-02 18

  19. Scripts Load a script 152 <length> <opcode>* <length>: number of bytes in script (up to 100) <opcode>: OI commands Play a script 143 No flow control except for WAIT commands (next slide) Infinite cycle if script ends with 143 Show script 154 Returns the current script 2020-01-02 19

  20. Scripts: Wait Wait time 155 <time> <time> in 1/10 sec (resolution of 15ms) Wait Distance 156 <disthigh> <distlow> <dist> distance in mm. +ve=forward, -ve=back Works for passively rotating the wheels Wait Angle 157 <anglehigh> <anglelow> <angle> angle in deg. +ve=counterclockwise, -ve=clockwise Wait Event 158 <event#> <event#>: eg: 1=wheel drop (see table in OI Manual, p.16) Use -ve for inverse of event (eg: -1 wheel drop stops) 2020-01-02 20

  21. Tasks: measuring You can track the distance traveled by using sensor 19 (distance) Angle with sensor 20 (angle) Note: reading these sensors causes them to be reset Distance (angles) increment for forward (counterclockwise) and decrement for backward (clockwise) Class iRobotCreate’s regular sensor reading keeps an accumulator for distance and angle 2020-01-02 21

  22. Tasks: Following a wall You can track along a wall using the wall sensor (sensor 8) Use Drive straight (137 <velocity> 32687) when the wall is there; or a wide right curve (137 <velocity> -2000) when the wall goes away You should expect the occasional right-bump If you get a left-bump, you’ve probably hit a corner 2020-01-02 22

  23. Commands from shell • stty -F /dev/ttyUSB0 57600 cs8 –cstopb • echo -e '\0200\0204' | cat > /dev/ttyUSB0 (full mode) • echo -e -n '\0214\0000\0004\0076\0014\0102\0014\0107\0014\0112\0044\r\n' | cat > /dev/ttyUSB0 (defines song) • echo -e -n '\0215\0000\r\n' | cat > /dev/ttyUSB0 (plays song) • echo -e -n '\0200\0203' | cat > /dev/ttyUSB0 (start move) • echo -e -n '\0211\0000\0144\0200\0000' | cat > /dev/ttyUSB0 (go)

  24. Further Reading iRobot Create http://www.irobot.com/sp.cfm?pageid=305 Manuals and downloads http://www.irobot.com/sp.cfm?pageid=294

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