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Linac Coherent Light Source Project Update

Linac Coherent Light Source Project Update

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Linac Coherent Light Source Project Update

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  1. Linac Coherent Light Source Project Update Incident Budget Schedule Project activities- Highlights Charge

  2. 11 October 2004-Worker Severely Injured • Sector 20 Equipment Alcove • Electrician employed by “Bay Span” • Working “hot” on a breaker panel – 480V • Short-to-ground, arc/explosion • Worker’s shirt caught fire • Burned over ~50% - upper body, hands • Discharged from hospital 16 December 2004

  3. Safety Management • Mike Scharfenstein, LCLS ES&H Coordinator • SLAC corrective actions defining path forward for LCLS • Policies/procedures for management of contractor safety are important to LCLS

  4. Conventional Construction Safety • Richard Hislop ( ANL Advanced Photon Source) working with LCLS through 9/2005 • APS Project Construction ES&H • Line Construction Management • APS Lab Office Modules • APS Utilities expansion • Center for Nanoscale Materials

  5. 2002 FY2001 2003 FY2002 2004 FY2003 2005 FY2004 FY2005 2006 FY2008 FY2006 FY2009 FY2007 LCLS - Estimated Cost, Schedule (My Standard Low-Resolution Slide • $315M Total Estimated Cost • $379M Total Project Cost • FY2005 Long-lead purchases for injector, undulator • FY2006 Construction begins • FY2008 FEL Commissioning begins • March 2009 Construction complete – operations begins XFEL Commissioning Title I Design Complete CD-1 CD-2a CD-2b CD-3a CD-0 CD-3b Project Engineering Design Long-Lead Procurement CD-3a CD-4

  6. Authorized FY2005 President’s Budget FY2006 FY2005 – Start Long-Lead Procurements

  7. EIR • Thanks to Mark Reichanadter for his tireless efforts to close out the 5/10/2004-3/31/2005 External Independent Review • It is possible that it will be over soon (famous last words) • ESAAB for CD-2B (approval of the baseline for the entire project) Scheduled for 8 April 2005

  8. Ultrafast Science and LCLS Experiments – 120 Attendees, all prospective users • Organizers: Jerry Hastings and Keith Hodgson • Monday-Tuesday, October 25-26 For program information see: • A Workshop in Ultrafast Science and LCLS Experiments at SSRL will be organized on October 25-26, 2004. • There will also be a pre-registration reception on Sunday evening, October 24th from 5-7 pm. The tentative • schedule for the workshop is a joint session on Monday morning, October 25th. On Monday afternoon and • Tuesday morning, there will be breakout sessions for each of the five thrust areas of the LCLS: • Atomic, molecular and optical physics • High energy density states of matter • Optical pump-x-ray probe studies in chemistry, biology and materials science • (4) Diffraction imaging of single objects approaching atomic scale resolution and • (5) Coherent x-ray scattering for the study of dynamics (X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy) • The workshop will end with a joint session on Tuesday afternoon, October 26th. The workshop and breakout • sessions will focus on the scientific goals and technical needs of the LCLS experimental end-stations, as • well as experimental specifications. This workshop provides an opportunity to all users, including potential • future users to participate in building ultrafast science at LCLS by providing input and sharing their scientific • ideas. • For atomic, molecular and optical physics breakout session at the meeting please contact • Lou DiMauro ( • Phil Bucksbaum ( • Nora Berrah ( • Jerry Hastings ( • For the other breakout thrust areas please contact • John Arthur (jarthur@SLAC.Stanford.EDU).

  9. Scientific Advisory Committee Meeting 27-28 October • Start of CD-1 activity • Presentations by each Team Leader • Near- and Long-term goals • Performance requirements, near- and long-term • Intensity, repetition rate • Wavelength • Commissioning likely to progress from 1.5 to 0.15 nm • Time scale for production of conceptual design (CD-1)

  10. PIXEL Initiative to build out LCLS Experiments Thrust areas: SSRL/LCLS Contact (1) Coherent scattering at G.B. Stephenson* S. Brennan the nanoscale K. Ludwig (2) Pump/probe diffraction K. Gaffney* A. Lindenberg dynamics D. Reis J. Larsson (3) High energy density R. Lee* J. B. Hastings (HED) physics P. Heimann (4) Nano-particle/single J. Hajdu* J. Arthur molecule(non-periodic) J. Miao imaging H. Chapman (5) Atomic, molecular, L. DiMauro* J. B. Hastings and optical science N. Berrah * Team leader

  11. Detector Review 28 February 2005 • Detector Subcommittee formed, recommendations received • Y. Amemiya, U. of Tokyo • Gareth Derbyshire, RAL (Chair) • Eric Eikenberry, SLS • Lothar Strueder, Max Planck Inst. • Albert Walenta, Univ. Siegen

  12. LCLS Injector 10/2005 Shutdown RF Gun Load Lock L0-1 & L0-2 3-m SLAC Sections Gun Diagnostics Laser Heater Transverse RF Cavity DL1 Bend Straight Ahead Spectrometer

  13. Injector • Building out for bid • Laser bids, ranked • Gun in fabrication at SLAC • Preparations for October shutdown • vacuum connection to linac Elev -35’-0” Elev 0’-0” Sector 20 Laser Facility

  14. Long-Lead Procurements, FY2005 - Linac • Selected Linac Systems • X-band RF system – underway • Klystron construction >50% • Chicane Magnets vendor survey

  15. Long-Lead Procurements, FY2005 - Undulator Systems • Undulator Hardware • Magnet Blocks • Magnet Poles Awarded • Strongback Awardees chosen final negotiations near complete • Undulator Measurement Lab design complete, bid package in preparation for room • On track for complete delivery of undulators by June 2007

  16. Undulator Magnet Measurement – Bldg 81 CMM Out to Bid See LCLS-TN-05-04 • Test stand lay-out is driven by requirement to match Earth Magnetic Field (to ~0.1G) conditions in lab to Undulator Hall, i.e. azimuth and gap orientation need to be identical

  17. 1.5 X-ray Transport, Optics, and Diagnostics Finally we can give some funds TTF damage tests Gas cell design Help with gun laser pulse shaping

  18. Undulator Hall (175m) Beam Dump (40M) Front End (29m) Far Expt. Hall X-ray Transport (250m) Near Expt. Hall Linac-to-Undulator (227m) 1.9 Conventional Facilities Title-II Kickoff 29-30 March 2005 We must finalize (!) Title – II specifications by 8 April Award of CM/GC is slipping later than ideal Complete Title-II by 30 November 2005

  19. Alternate Far Hall Layout 14.6m 10-meter hutch length

  20. Charge to Committee • Breakouts: • • Accelerator systems design and construction • • Undulator systems design and construction • • X-ray transport, optics and diagnostics design and construction • • Experiment station systems design and construction • • Conventional facilities design and construction • Controls • • Planning and execution of commissioning and early operations • Title II Conventional Facilities Design begins Monday – Consequence of building • design change goes up rapidly • Mirrors upstream of Near Hall • Far Hall layout • Changed PEP schedule has forced change to shut-down schedule • SLAC Radiation Physics has done some outstanding work on collimation and dose • to undulators – Committee may wish to hear about this Friday Morning • Diagnostics talk- may be repeated to Electron Beam Group • Thank you for giving your time to this review process. We value your advice

  21. End of Presentation

  22. X-Ray Subgroup- Paul Fuoss presenting • Issues: • Details of designs are sparse, User workshops should be aimed at collecting more detail. • There is not enough effort going into the shot-by-shot beam diagnostics (?) • There is not enough effort going into optics stability • Consider making the center hutch in the far hall longer • Recommendations • Concentrate on LCLS-specific problems such as shot-by-shot diagnostics, data flow, feedback control, preservation and measurement of coherence • The detector advisory committee should coordinate the effort of LCLS and MIE • Identification and communication of critical issues to LCLS experimenters should be a priority • Do not fund detector efforts unless resources are sufficient to produce a useful end result

  23. Controls • Global standards are required - push for this (vacuum? where is the interface?) • You desperately need a central database for all project data (not just controls) • SLC-aware IOC good progress prototyping, still lack functional requirements and top level design decisions on Applications and which should be EPICs vs SLC. • X-ray beam line controls requirements must be defined • BPMs - are electrons and positrons on a single pulse still needed? Is it OK to simply keep the "old" original electronics in place and disconnected, so the new electronics are limited to LCLS requirements? • BPM location and anchoring must be decided • Undulator BPM performance requirements should be articulated including max working range • The engineering process seems to be proceeding without explicit requirements and reviews. An example of this is the PNET module • Where is global controls on the org chart? • Can we get x-band klystrons and waveguides from the NLCTA? • Injector laser controls interface needs close communication between vendor, controls group and laser experts/operators • Follow new code requirements for low-smoke fireproof cables • It is unclear how to design feedback to control X-band phase- explore "dithering".

  24. Electron Systems • Do gun tests as early as possible, at vendor maybe consider creation of a gun test facility • Order 2 guns • They recommend continued testing of laser pulse shaping at DUVFEL • Consider doing electron beam tests at DUVFEL • Consider collaboration with LLNL on gun laser development • Recommend a hot spare laser • Recommend the formation of a laser group • Consider doing tests of "lock-in" detection of low gain at DUVFEL • Consider x-band waveform modulation as the input modulation for lock-in detection • Show analysis and simulations of collimator performance at the next review, including shower computations • Continue work on ESASE • Recommend x-y scanners for wire monitor, rather than diagonal • Consider the design of a feedback loop that adjusts the laser based on electron beam measurements • Consider options for the ULTIMATE LCLS Master Oscillator • Continue tests of THz measurement techniques at SPPS (WHEN?) • Consider schemes to modulate X-band phase for optimal set-up • Place appropriate emphasis on challenging phase/amplitude control of X-band system • By 1/2005, force a decision on undulator design changes for AC wake field

  25. Undulator Systems • Cradle system needs attention • Trade-offs must be considered to decide whether longer girders can improve tolerance to ground motion • They recommend that, if the gap/period is changed, a new prototype is not necessary • Consider feed-forward from temperature measurement to undulator horizontal position to control K • Decision has been made to NOT to hire a general contractor responsible for delivering complete undulators. The consequences of this decision (plans for control of final assembly) should be presented

  26. Conventional Facilities • Prepare a prediction of floor performance in terms of settlement and vibration, based on SLAC experience, calculation, etc. that covers "DC-to_daylight" bandwidth • Give serious consideration to "active" alignment techniques to compensate for performance limitations of floor and supports • Give further consideration to where cut/cover is better than tunneling • Consider heating the tunnel walls • Report the earthquake design criteria for LCLS construction • CLO- 300 people in 90,000 square feet seems tight- revisit space allocation • Committee is skeptical of 27 month construction schedule • We need a construction procurement expert • We need a construction safety expert • W need a construction QA function/program • We need a review by a fire safety engineer • Confirm that the standards chosen (UBC1997 was an example quoted at the review) are the latest, and that no changes in requirements and standards are imminent. (?) • Consider an excavated tunnel cross-section that is not circular • Go through a cost-optimization exercise. it may be possible to save money on construction cost • Consider having your procurement group set up bulk purchasing agreements for commodities.

  27. Robinson Summation • Risk registry should show AC conductivity • Prepare a tunnel/undulator stability/error budget!! • The Project mgmt has not yet demonstrated global systems integration • Go through a value engineering cycle • Improve integration between conventional facilities and laser systems

  28. I am happy to announce that Paul Emma has agreed to take over leadership of the LCLS accelerator system physicists' group. Paul's ability, cooperative spirit and dedication have earned him the respect of his peers and the LCLS WBS managers alike. I should add my expression of gratitude to the system physicist team for their advice to me and their efforts to make the LCLS a success. I ask that you all give your support to Paul and the Accelerator Systems Physicist team as we turn the LCLS from a dream, nearly 14 years in the making, into a groundbreaking scientific facility and a running facility. The photon systems physicists, John Arthur for X-Ray Transport/Optics/Diagnostics and Jerry Hastings for X-Ray End Station Systems, will continue to report to me in this capacity at present, in addition to their responsibilities to SSRL and the PIXEL initiative (which will complete the suite of experiment stations for the LCLS). --- John Galayda

  29. Near Experimental Hall by 2012 Soft X-ray Station AMO Physics Magnetic imaging Hard X-ray Imaging Station Coherent imaging Hard X-ray Diffraction Station Pump-probe dynamics Hard X-ray Diffraction Station XPCS Hard X-ray Station Extreme states of matter (assumes funding found) Far Experimental Hall

  30. Near Experimental Hall 2008-9 Soft X-ray Station AMO Physics (funded by LCLS) Hard X-ray Imaging Station Coherent imaging (funded by PIXEL) Extreme states of matter (funding?) Hard X-ray Diffraction Station Pump-probe dynamics (funded by PIXEL) XPCS (funded by PIXEL) Green applications do not have full capability, but can do preliminary experiments Far Experimental Hall

  31. Where Are We Now • About to transit from administrative/design activities to construction activities • Training profiles must change accordingly • About to heavily exercise LCLS-SLAC synapses • Citizens’ committees • Matrix support from Technical Division, CEF • SLAC oversight • Oversight of LCLS activities at ANL, LLNL

  32. How Will We Get There • Write Safety Assessment Document • Identify certain generic design features to control hazards • Busbar covers? “Power ON” warning lights? • Pinch hazard covers? • Local crash buttons for motors? • Enclosed laser paths? laser interlocks? • Confirm it is all there in the Readiness Review

  33. How We Will Get There • Schedule our safety design reviews like other project activities – by subsystem • Flowcharts for Safety Approval processes with branches to address, e.g. • Design • Review • Authorization • Work planning/execution • JHAM • AHA • Electrical Work • Hoisting • Excavation • Work Authorization

  34. A Concern- Can We Live With This? A lot of people are waiting to “hear” from us on this

  35. LCLS Facility Advisory Committee Membership Kem Robinson, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Chair Harry Carter, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) John Cleary, Stanford University (SU) John Corlett, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) Roger Falcone, UC Berkeley Josef Feldhaus, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) Paul Fouss, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) Thomas Himel, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) Vim Leemans, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) Pat O'Shea, University of Maryland (UMD) Joachim Pflueger, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) Thomas Rabedeau, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) Jörg Rossbach, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) Keith Schuh, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) Peter Siddons, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Thomas Tschentscher, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) Karen White, Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) Meetings 29-30 April 2004 12-13 October 2004 7-8 April 2005 DOE (Lehman) Review 10-12 May will cover PIXEL

  36. FFTB/SPPS • Schedule • Must preserve funds for FY boundary BUT • Acceleration of 2006 procurements considered • Conventional construction – SPPS/FFTB schedule • LCLS schedule shows May 2006 Shutdown • Some evidence that delay past March 2006 will delay LCLS commissioning start- • Linac Complete by end of 2007 shutdown • Startup planning should exploit this!

  37. What’s Next • Review Calendar • FAC 7-8 April 2005 • SAC 5-6 May 2005 • Lehman 10-12 May 2005

  38. PIXEL Initiative • Experiment Stations (instruments?) for LCLS • CD-0 Draft under review • Warm Dense Matter looking for funding outside BES

  39. Start of LCLS Project

  40. Undulator Hall (175m) Beam Dump (40M) Front End (29m) Far Expt. Hall X-ray Transport (250m) Near Expt. Hall Linac-to-Undulator (227m) 1.9 Conventional Facilities Construction Manager Out for Bids Central Lab Office Complex (CLOC) Capacity ~300 72,000 GSF Total 150-Seat Conference Room