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HTM 304 Management Information Systems Field Study : Basics of Hardware and Software 2007-09-04 Daniel Olsson Brett Colb PowerPoint Presentation
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HTM 304 Management Information Systems Field Study : Basics of Hardware and Software 2007-09-04 Daniel Olsson Brett Colb

HTM 304 Management Information Systems Field Study : Basics of Hardware and Software 2007-09-04 Daniel Olsson Brett Colb

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HTM 304 Management Information Systems Field Study : Basics of Hardware and Software 2007-09-04 Daniel Olsson Brett Colb

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  1. HTM 304 Management Information Systems Field Study : Basics of Hardware and Software 2007-09-04 Daniel Olsson Brett Colbert Kathy Lu John Lieu Chris Ratigan Instructor : Fang Fang Central Processing Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  2. Definitions : A motherboard is the central or primary circuit board making up a complex electronic system, such as a modern computer. It is also known as a mainboard, baseboard, system board, or, on Apple computers, a logic board, and is sometimes abbreviated as mobo.[1] A central processing unit (CPU), or sometimes simply processor, is the component in a digital computer capable of executing a program.(Knott 1974) It interprets computer program instructions and processes data. CPUs provide the fundamental digital computer trait of programmability, and are one of the necessary components found in computers of any era, along with primary storage and input/output facilities. Computer storage, computer memory, and often casually memory refer to computer components, devices and recording media that retain digital data used for computing for some interval of time. Computer storage provides one of the core functions of the modern computer, that of information retention. It is one of the fundamental components of all modern computers, and coupled with a central processing unit (CPU), implements the basic Von Neumann computer model used since the 1940s. Central Processing Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  3. Time Line The first computer to use integrated circuits, the IBM 360, is announced.. 1964 1975 1977 1981 Central Processing Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  4. Time Line The first computer to use integrated circuits, the IBM 360, is announced.. The first microcomputer, the Altair, is introduced. 1968 1975 1977 1981 Central Processing Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  5. Time Line The first computer to use integrated circuits, the IBM 360, is announced.. Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs found Apple Computer. The first microcomputer, the Altair, is introduced. 1968 1971 1977 1981 Central Processing Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  6. Time Line The first computer to use integrated circuits, the IBM 360, is announced.. IBM introduces the IBM PC. Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs found Apple Computer. The first microcomputer, the Altair, is introduced. 1968 1975 1977 1981 Central Processing Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  7. Time Line Compaq released their IBM PC compatible Compaq Portable. Motorola released the 68020 processor. IBM XT released, similar to the original IBM PC but with a hard drive. First optical chip developed, it uses light instead of electricity to increase processing speed. 1982 1983 1984 1988 . . . . Central Processing Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  8. The Backbone… Central Processing Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  9. The Memory… Central Processing Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  10. The Brains • Intel P4 Processor • Intel 4004 Processor, the first microprocessor. Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  11. Motherboard • Chip set: A motherboard's chip set performs such vital functions as routing data from hard drive to memory to CPU, and making sure all your peripherals and expansion cards can talk to the CPU and one another. Manufacturers base motherboards around the chip sets, adding features like RAID controllers and FireWire ports to differentiate their board Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  12. Motherboard (cont) • The motherboard's main job is to hold the computer's microprocessor chip and let everything else connect to it. • Everything that runs the computer or enhances its performance is either part of the motherboard or plugs into it via a slot or port. Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  13. The form factor is just one of the many standards that apply to motherboards. Some of the other standards include: • The socket for the microprocessor determines what kind of Central Processing Unit (CPU) the motherboard uses. • The chipset is part of the motherboard's logic system and is usually made of two parts -- the northbridge and the southbridge. These two "bridges" connect the CPU to other parts of the computer. • The Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) chip controls the most basic functions of the computer and performs a self-test every time you turn it on. Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  14. The slots and ports found on a motherboard include: • Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI)- connections for video, sound and video capture cards, as well as network cards. • Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) - dedicated port for video cards. • •Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) - interfaces for the hard drives • Universal Serial Bus or FireWire - external peripherals • Memory slots Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  15. Sockets and CPUs • The faster the processor, the faster the computer can think. • Processor fits in with inserting the CPU’s pins into the motherboard. Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  16. Chipsets • The chipset is the "glue" that connects the microprocessor to the rest of the motherboard and therefore to the rest of the computer. • On a PC, it consists of two basic parts -- the northbridge and the southbridge. • The northbridge connects directly to the processor via the front side bus (FSB). A memory controller is located on the northbridge, which gives the CPU fast access to the memory. • The southbridge is slower than the northbridge, and information from the CPU has to go through the northbridge before reaching the southbridge. Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  17. RAM • The speed of the RAM connection directly controls how fast the computer can access instructions and data, and therefore has a big effect on system performance. • RAM makes up the bulk of a computer's memory. The general rule of thumb is the more RAM the computer has, the better. • Much of the memory available today is dual data rate (DDR) memory. Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  18. Computer Hardware • Apple Inc. • Dell Inc. • Hewlett Packard Company

  19. Apple Inc. • Founded: California April 1, 1976 • Headquarters: Cupertino, California • Industry: computer hardware, software, electronics • Revenue: $19.3 Billion • Website: www.apple.com

  20. Apple Products • Mac mini • iMac: • Mac Pro • MacBook • MacBook Pro

  21. Apple Hardware Standard Features • Intel x86 processor • 1GB RAM • Graphic Processor: ATI Vidia, GeForce or Intel GMA graphics • Combo Drive: DVD player & burner in one • 2 standard date transfer ports: USB • iMac & FireWire: technology support higher performance devices

  22. MacBook Pro • Processor: 2.2 & 2.4 GHz Intel Core 2 Duo (64 bit) • Memory: 2 memory slots up to 2GB • Display: 15.4 inch Viewable FTF widescreen with 1440x 900 pixel • Hard drive: 120GB or 160 GB Serial ATA • Battery: 60 watt hour lithium ion • Ethernet: Built in 10/100/1000 GB • Price: 1,519.00-1,950.00

  23. Dell Inc • Founded: Austin Texas November 4, 1984 • Headquarters: Round Rock, Texas • Industry: Computer hardware • Revenue: $55.908 Billion • Website: www.dell.com

  24. Dell Products • Desktops • Servers • Notebooks • Peripherals • Printers

  25. Dell Standard Features • Modem: Download speed 56kbps and upload 33.6 Kbps. • Network interface card: high speed internet using broadband • 6 month AOL or EarthLink • Operating system & productivity software • McAfee: internet security • Limited warranty: 24/7 phone & online support and home

  26. Inspiron • Intel core 2 Duo dual core processor • Window vista • 1.6,1.73,1.86,2.13,2.26 GH Intel Pentium Processor • 17” wide screen (1440x900 resolution • DDR2: memory • Upgrade starts with nVidia GeForce Go 6800 Video card • 7200 RPM hard drive • Pentium M: 1.6 GH speed • Price: 1,569.00-2,109.00

  27. Hewlett Packard Company • Founded: Palo Alto, California • Headquarters: Palo Alto, California • Industry: Computer system, peripherals, software, consulting • Revenue: $9.7 Billion • Website: www.hp.com

  28. Hewlett Packard Products • Computer hardware • Computer monitors • Printers • Scanners • Servers • Cameras • Calculator

  29. HP Compaq • Processor: Intel Core Duo or Intel Core 2 Duo (1.83-2.16 GH) • Display: 12.1 Color TFT display • Graphics: Intel Graphic Media accelerator 950 • Memory: 512MB-2GB, upgrade max of 4GB • Wireless: 802.11 standard, blue tooth V1.2 • Hard Drive: 600-GB-100GB SATA (5400RPM) • Ports: external monitor, microphone in, headphone, battery connector, RJ-11 modem, S video, 3)USB 2.0 • Price: $1,449-$3,000.00

  30. Product Recommendations What type of user are you? Home User Business User Video Editing User What type of CPU will you need? Intel vs. AMD Processor AMD is about half the cost. Intel has many die hard fans. Much stronger market share and public image, most likely due to aggressive advertising. Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands

  31. The Motherboard Decision depends on price range, size of your computer, USB ports, FireWire, graphics cards, and memory needs. Memory usage. RAM requirements depend on applications you will be using. If you are running Windows XP, Microsoft recommends 128MB as the minimum RAM requirement. At 64MB, you may experience problems. Home Entertainment User: 384MB – 512MB Executive/ Management: 1GB - 2GB Heavy Graphics Design: 2GB and up. Central Processing Introduction Evolution Function Suggestions Parameter Brands