WA L&IHAZMAT Training Rules • Emergency Response (WAC 296-824) • Uncontained HAZMAT events • First Response • Hazardous Waste Operations (WAC 829-843) • HAZMAT Cleanup Operations
WA L&IHAZMAT Training Levels • Awareness • Operations • Technician • HAZMAT Specialist • Incident Commander • Specialist Employee • Skilled Support Personnel • Incident Safety Officer
WA L&IHAZMAT Training Levels Emergency Response (WAC 296-824) • AWARENESS • Likely to witness or discover a hazmat release • Training to make notifications to initiate a response • Take no further action
TRAINING RULEWAC 296-824-300Awareness Level Understand what hazardous substances are and their associated risks. Recognize the presence of hazardous substances in an emergency. Can Identify the hazardous substances, when possible.
TRAINING RULEWAC 296-824-300Awareness Level • Understand the role of a first responder at the awareness level as described in: • The employer’s emergency response plan, including site security and control. • The United States Department of Transportation’s Emergency Response Guidebook.
TRAINING RULEWAC 296-824-300Awareness Level Can use the USDOT’s Emergency Response Guidebook Recognize the need for additional resources and the need to notify the incident’s communication center accordingly.
WA L&IHAZMAT Training Levels Emergency Response (WAC 296-824) • OPERATIONS • Respond to HAZMAT releases • Defensive actions in order to: • Confine the release • Protect others
TRAINING RULEWAC 296-824-300Operations Level ALL OF THE COMPETENCIES FOR THE FIRST RESPONDER LEVEL, PLUS: Know basic hazard and risk assessment techniques. Can select and use personal protective equipment (PPE) appropriate for first responder operations level. Understand basic hazardous materials terms.
TRAINING RULEWAC 296-824-300Operations Level Can perform basic control, containment, and/or confinement operations within the capabilities of the resources and PPE available. Can implement decontamination procedures at their level of training.
WA L&IHAZMAT Training Levels Emergency Response (WAC 296-824) • TECHNICIAN • Respond to HAZMAT releases • Offensive actions in order to: • Plug • Patch • Stop the release
First Responder Levels • Definition: Those persons who, in the course of normal duties, could be the first on the scene of an emergency involving hazmat. • Awareness: recognize the presence of hazardous materials, protect themselves, call for trained personnel, and secure the area. • Operations: Defensive measures, not offensive. • Technician: Offensive, hands-on measures.
Goal – Awareness Level 1) Analyze the incident to determine: • The HAZMAT present • Response Information for each hazmat 2) Implement protective actions and notifications: • Local Emergency Response Plan • North American Emergency Response Guide • Employer SOPs
HAZMAT • DOT Hazmat Definition: • A material that poses an unreasonable risk to the health and safety of people and theenvironment if not properly controlled during all uses.
Hazard Classes/Divisions 1) Explosive 2) Gases 3) Flammable Liquids 4) Flammable Solids 5) Oxidizers 6) Poison/Toxic/Infectious Substances 7) Radioactive 8) Corrosive 9) Miscellaneous
Explosives 1.1 Mass Explosion Hazard 1.2 Projection Hazard 1.3 Predominantly Fire Hazard 1.4 No Significant Blast Hazard 1.5 Very Insensitive 1.6 Extremely Insensitive
Gases 2.1 Non Flammable/Non Toxic 2.2 Flammable Gases 2.3 Toxic 2.4 Corrosive Gases Tacoma Propane Explosion - Video
Flammable Liquids • Flammable Liquids • Flash Point < 140 °F • Combustible Liquids • Flash Point > 140 °F
Flammable Solids 4.1 Flammable Solids 4.2 Spontaneously Combustible 4.3 Dangerous When Wet
Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides 5.1 Oxidizers 5.2 Organic Peroxides
Poison, Toxic and Infectious Substances 6.1 Toxic Materials 6.2 Infectious Substances
Miscellaneous 9.1 Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods 9.2 Environmentally Hazardous Substances 9.2 Dangerous Waste
NFPA 704 Diamond Fire Health Reactivity Special Hazard Acid, Alk, Cor,
Placards • Diamond-shaped (square on point) • 10 and 3/4 inches on a side • Located on all four sides of a vehicle • May also have ID # on a Panel 1203
Labels • Similar to Hazard Class placards • May be more descriptive than placards • More labels than placards • Diamond-shaped • 4 inches on a side • Located on individual packages
Placards and Labels SYMBOL NAME or ID # COLOR HAZARD CLASS/ Division 2
ID Numbers 1090
Shipping Papers • Must accompany hazmat shipments • Must include • Proper shipping name (approx. 3,000) • Use hazard class with NOS for all others • Hazard class and division • ID number • Quantity of material • Name of shipper • Must be printed in English
Shipping Papers (cont.) • Highway • Bill of Lading • In cab of vehicle • Driver is responsible • Rail • Waybill or consist • With conductor or engineer who are responsible • Describes where HAZMAT are located
Shipping Papers (cont.) • Water • Dangerous Cargo Manifest • Near wheelhouse of a ship or in a pipe-like container on a barge • Captain or master is responsible • Air • Airbill • In cockpit • Pilot is responsible
Manufacturer and Identification Hazardous Ingredients Physical/Chemical Characteristics Fire and Explosion Hazard Reactivity Data Health Hazard Data Precautions for Safe Handling and Use Control Measures Material Safety Data SheetOSHA Hazard Communication Standard: Required for employers who use or store Hazmat.
Notification 911 WSP/Ecology Division of Emergency Management 1-800-258-5990 EPA/U.S. Coast Guard National Response Center 1-800-424-8802
ERG • Approximately 3,600 chemicals separated into 62 guide sections • Developed for use by First Responders • Designed as an initial action guide • Guide hazards and recommendations are conservative (based on worst characteristics in the group)
Yellow PagesID Number Blue PagesChemical Name Orange PagesGuide Numbers Green PagesInitial Isolation
Steps for Using the ERG 1) Identify the material (name or ID#) 2) Look up the materials Guide Number Guide Page may have ‘P’ – Polymerization Hazard Entry may be highlighted – Toxic Inhalation Hazard or Water Reactive w/TIH proceed to green pages and begin protective action immediately 3) Turn to the Guide and read carefully
Poor or missing Information If no information exists - use Guide 111 If placard is visible - use pages 16/17 If container type is known - use pages 18/19