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Research Tips

Research Tips

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Research Tips

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  1. Research Tips “Gaming Topics” Betty McNeal bmcneal@ccmail.nevada.edu 702-895-4119

  2. Today’s Agenda • Provide brief overview of gaming • Discuss print sources of gaming information • Discuss electronic sources of information • Show research value of various types of information

  3. History of Gaming • Old as mankind, every country & culture • If not legalized, it goes underground • Various motivations: Gain, Greed, Excitement, Fantasy, Escape • Mathematical odds always against players • Operators are guaranteed to have the advantage • Extremes cause personal & societal problems

  4. Gaming History Starters • Subject search in Library Catalog • General and specific subjects and time periods • People of Chance: Gambling in American Society from Jamestown to Law Vegas, by Findlay • High rollers:A History of Gambling in America. Video. History Channel. • The numbers game in New York City 1960-1969: A social & political history, by Liddick

  5. More Gaming History • http://www.lvstriphistory.com • Doctoral dissertation: David Schwartz • Suburban Xanadu: The casino resort on the Las Vegas Strip, 1945-1978. UCLA, 2000. • Gaming Research & Review Journal. See article with USA Timeline. (V. 3, Issue 2, p. 65) • The Development of the Law of Gambling: 1776-1976. U. S. Dept of Justice. Call no: J1.25/G14/776-976.

  6. Research Value—Gaming History • Perspective on the present • Explains Nevada’s development • Insight into human psychology • Part of the literature search

  7. Many Faces of Gaming

  8. Gaming Boundaries • Limited stakes gaming • Colorado • Loss limits • Riverboats • Restricted gaming • Supermarkets, bars, drug stores • Restricted areas • Deadwood. Cripple Creek, Central City, Black Hawk. Atlantic City. Detroit. • Class I, II, III • I Social games. II Bingo, pull tabs, cards. III Tables and slots

  9. Mathematics Psychology Business/Econ Government Religion Marketing Leisure/recreation Tourism Law Sociology Technology Medicine/Addiction Interdisciplinary Nature of Gaming Research

  10. Economic Impact of Gaming • Construction • Employment • Wages • State revenue • Use of revenue to upgrade community • Infrastructure upgrades

  11. Social Impacts of Gaming • Crime, drugs, prostitution • Underworld influence • Gambling addiction • Underage gambling • Family values • Capitalizing on human weakness • Insolvency & bankruptcy

  12. What’s Your Gaming I. Q.?

  13. Research Value—Gaming Knowledge • Familiar with concepts, jargon • Multiply options for gaming topics • Speed up literature search • Adds motivation & enthusiasm

  14. Print Books Monographs Periodicals Non-print Online catalogs Online databases Internet CD-ROM E-books E-periodicals Audio, video Research Materials by Format

  15. Research Materials by Type • Bibliography • Treatises • Journals • Magazines/Newspapers • Reference works • Web Sites • Dissertations & Theses • Government publications

  16. Bibliography • Casino Gaming in the United States: A Research Guide. 401 pages. • Thomas A. Mirkovich & Allison A. Cowgill • Call no: Z7164/G35/M57/1977 • Annotated bibliography, 800+ entries • Social, economic, moral, legal aspects • Covers 1985-1994

  17. UNLV Library http://library.nevada.edu Keyword: Casinos, Gambling, etc. Author: Thompson, William N. Library of Congress http://www.loc.gov Keyword: Casinos, Gambling, etc. Instant Bibliographies

  18. Research Value--Bibliography • Literature search • Control of literature resources • Verify author, title, date, publisher

  19. Books • Textbooks • Scholarly works • University press publications • Trade publications

  20. Basic Gaming Books • --Introduction to the Casino Entertainment Industry. Eade & Eade. Call no: HV6711/E23/1997 • --The Gaming Industry: Introduction & Perspectives. Call No. HV6711/G35/1996 • --Casino Operations Management. Kilby & Fox. Call no: HV6711/K55/1995 • --Overview of the Gaming Industry. International Gaming Institute. HV9999/G252/)94/1996

  21. Research Value—Books • Compiled using wide variety of sources • Strict review, editing, fact checking by publisher • Advantage of extensive time to write, evaluate • May have extensive bibliographies, helpful notes

  22. Journals • Academic origin • Peer reviewed • Studies, critiques, analyses • Full text, online • Gaming Research & Review Journal • Journal of Gambling Studies • Gaming Law Review

  23. Interdisciplinary Journals • Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research • The Annals of the American Academy of Political & Social Science • Psychological Reports • Journal of Youth & Adolescence • British Journal of Addiction • Journal of Social Issues • National Tax Journal

  24. Journal Sources • Print journals or combo print/online • Online databases (long list in university library) • Academic Search Elite • Emerald Library http://www.emeraldinsight.com ) • Wiley Interscience http://www.interscience.wiley.com • Psychinfo • PapersFirst

  25. Journal Alerts • Inquire about email newsletters from journals • Email Tables of Contents from publisher • Catchword.com Enter free no more than 5 keywords to get Tables of Contents from journals emailed to you

  26. Research Value--Journals • Zero in on narrow subject • Update book material • Add to book bibliography • Adhere to research methodology • Primary source material

  27. Newspapers/Magazines • Not scholarly • Can’t use to “prove” a point, but can use for facts, names and dates, informal comments • May mention a study or lead to a principal investigator • Can use if that is the best source for a particular kind of data

  28. Newspapers/Magazines • For academics, industry personnel or general reader • News, updates, email editions • Feature articles • Casino Journal • Casino Executive Reports • Las Vegas Review-Journal • Casino Wire (online) • Pechanga (online/Indian gaming) • State Capitals Newsletters (online)

  29. Research Value—News/Magazines • Current awareness • Online access • Email delivery • Tuned to the real world • May suggest new trends

  30. Reference Works • Encyclopedias, dictionaries, almanacs • Indexes & Abstracts—key to journal searching • Bibliographies • Gaming Business Directory • Encyclopedia of Gambling • Nevada Gaming Almanac • Global Gaming Almanac • Dan’s Poker Dictionary (online) • Problem Gambling Terms (online)

  31. Research Value—Reference Works • High probability of accuracy • Basic data, such as statistics, names and addresses, principles and outlines • Foundation of knowledge from which to branch out

  32. Web Sites • Anybody can publish • May not have author, references or proof • Most gaming authorities have web sites • Look for disclaimers • Verify in another source, if necessary

  33. Web Site Citation or Documentation • Refer to appropriate style manual. APA, Univ. of Chicago, MLA. • General bibliographic elements precede the web site • Date retrieved from web given

  34. Gaming Web Sites • Good choice for revenue statistics • All gaming commissions and boards have sites • Gateway to libraries, bookstores • Find associations, regulatory bodies, revenue charts, research institutes, conferences and expos • Free articles on some sites

  35. Research Value—Web Sites • Eliminate manual searching • Access remote catalogs • International coverage • Variety of views, opinions • Can contact owner • When last updated often included • Online purchase of materials if necessary

  36. Best Gaming Links Web Site • http://www.unlv.edu.centers.gaming • Webmaster: Dr. David G. Schwartz • Constantly improving, updating • All types of reference/information sources • Not much guidance as to how to use • May be overwhelming for new researcher • Brief annotations; few evaluations

  37. Forthcoming Web Site Guide • Gaming Recreation, Regulation & Research, A Guide to Information on the World Wide Web, by Betty McNeal • E-book • Gaming Web sites are discussed and evaluated • Distribution not decided (ebook, floppy, cd-rom, web page)

  38. Virtual Cover

  39. Click “Digital Dissertations” on Find Articles & More. (UNLV Library) Fill in basic or advance search boxes. Citation, Abstract, 24-page preview, full text. Dissertations & Theses

  40. UNLV Gaming Theses • “Attitude of gaming employees towards problem gambling: How it affects their learning at an awareness training”. Bybee, Lisa M. • “The relationship between casino drop and gaming stock performance: A multivariate analysis”. Gilbert, Mark H. • “Impact of casinos on residential property values: Henderson, Nevada”. Giannini, Barbara • “An analysis of smoking and gambling among Las Vegas visitors”. Koenen, John

  41. Theses—Other Universities • “Emergency management assessment and impacts of tropical cyclones on waterfront casinos in Biloxi, Mississippi” (Mississippi State U) • “Minimal treatment for concerned significant others of problem gamblers” (Univ. of Calgary) • “The impact of increased external competition on Nevada taxable gaming revenue” (UNR)

  42. Research Value—Dissertations/Theses • Sample format to guide new researchers • Insight into manageable topics • New problems highlighted • Update books & journals

  43. Government Publications • Laws, statutes, cases • Rules & regulations • Congressional & state legislative hearings • Commissions & Task Forces • Special reports • National Gambling Impact Study Report • Nevada Revised Statutes • S E C filings (EDGAR database)

  44. Research Value—Government Publications • Topics pertinent to citizen interest • Prepared by specialists and experts • Information not found elsewhere, e. g., testimony at hearings • Raw data you can manipulate yourself

  45. Gaming and the Law • Federal Law • State Law • Tribal Law • Indian Gaming Regulatory Act • Regulations to supplement, administer and enforce the law

  46. Need for Gaming Laws • Cash industry • Strict cash handling procedures • Fees and taxes properly assessed • Insure honesty of games • Inspire public confidence

  47. Legal Citation Form • Uniform System of Citation [Blue Book, or Harvard Blue Book] • Examples: • NRS §463.1405 (2) • 1995 Nev. Rev. Stat. 497 • NGC Reg. 16.405© • Nevada Gaming Commission v. Desert Palace, Inc. 101 Nev. 173, 647 P. 2d 477 (1985)

  48. Legal Sources on Internet • Findlaw • Megalaw • Westlaw (fee based) • Lexis (fee based) • Lexis-Nexis Academic Universe Free Access through UNLV catalog

  49. More Internet Legal Sources • International Association of Gaming Attorneys • Gaming Practice Group (Michigan) • Nevada Attorney General, Gaming Division • Martindale & Hubbell (lawyer directory) • Lionel Sawyer & Collins • U. S. Code/State Codes • Court Cases • Law Journals • I. Nelson Rose , “Gaming and the Law”

  50. Research Value—Laws, Legal Topics • Authority, force • Exact citations for documentation and ease of location • Show interaction of industry and government • Public welfare & common good