Section 1: The Presidency Section 2: Powers and Roles of the President Section 3:Executive Departments and the Cabinet Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions Chapter 6The Executive Branch
Section 1: The Presidency The Main Idea The president and the vice president are required to have certain qualifications. Reading Focus • What are the qualifications and terms of office for the presidency? • What are the duties of the vice president? • What are the rules of succession for the presidency?
Section 1: The Presidency Qualifications for the presidency: • Native-born U.S. citizen • At least 35 years of age • A resident of the United States for at least 14 years
Section 1: The Presidency Terms of office: • Four-year term and may be elected to a second term • Salary of $400,000 per year plus $50,000 nontaxable allowance
Section 1: The Presidency Duties and terms of office of the vice president: • Takes over if the president dies, resigns, or is removed from office • Presides over the Senate • Must meet the same constitutional qualifications as the president • Salary of $186,300 per year plus $10,000 taxable allowance
Section 1: The Presidency The order of presidential succession: • The vice president • The Speaker of the House • The president pro tempore of the Senate • Members of the president’s cabinet in the order in which their departments were created
Vice President SECTION 1 Question: What are the term of office and the duties of the vice president? Term of Office Duties • preside over the Senate • remain prepared to assume presidency • help presidential candidate get elected • four years • four years
Section 2: Powers and Roles of the President The Main Idea The powers and roles of the U.S. president affect not only the citizens of the United States but also people throughout the world. Reading Focus • What are some of the leadership roles of the president? • What powers does the president have?
Section 2: Powers and Roles of the President The President and the Legislative Process • Recommends laws to Congress in speeches, writing, or through State of the Union Address • Sends Congress an economic message • Influences legislation with veto power
Section 2: Powers and Roles of the President Congress and the Commander in Chief • Only Congress can declare war. • The president has the power to send troops into foreign lands. • 1973—War Powers Act: requires troops to be recalled within 60 days unless approved by Congress to stay longer
Section 2: Powers and Roles of the President President’s duties as foreign-policy leader and chief of state: • Appoints officials to represent the United States abroad • Travels to foreign nations to meet with leaders and representatives of other countries • Serves as the nation’s chief diplomat and assumes final responsibility for treaties • Symbolizes the United States and its people • Performs ceremonial duties
President’s Duties as Foreign Policy Leader and Chief of State President’s Duties as Foreign Policy Leader and Chief of State SECTION 2 Question: What are the duties of the president as foreign-policy leader and chief of state? • secure friendly relations with foreign governments • preserve the security of the United States • appoint officials to represent the United States in • foreign countries • meet with leaders of foreign countries • travel abroad to meet with foreign leaders • assume responsibility for treaties with foreign • countries
Section 3: Executive Departments and the Cabinet The Main Idea The executive branch of the U.S. government is divided into several departments, each of which has certain duties. Reading Focus • What is the Executive Office of the President, and what is the cabinet? • What are the purposes of the Department of State and the Department of Defense? • What are the other executive departments in the federal government?
Section 3: Executive Departments and the Cabinet The Executive Office of the President • Established in 1939 and reorganized by each president • Contains agencies and offices that advise the president on current issues • The White House Office keeps the presidential schedule, writes speeches, and maintains relations with Congress, the press, and the public.
Department of: Agriculture (USDA) Commerce (DOC) Defense (DOD) Education (ED) Energy (DOE) Health and Human Services (HHS) Homeland Security (DHS)** newest executive department Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Justice (DOJ) Labor (DOL) State (DOS) Interior (DOI) Treasury Transportation (DOT) Veterans Affairs (VA) Section 3: Executive Departments and the Cabinet The 15 executive departments work to improve life for all Americans.
Cabinet Members SECTION 3 Question: What are the fourteen department secretaries included in the president’s cabinet? Secretary of Health and Human Services Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Secretary of Transportation Secretary of Energy Secretary of Education Secretary of Veterans Affairs Secretary of Homeland Security Secretary of State Secretary of Treasury Attorney General Secretary of the Interior Secretary of Agriculture Secretary of Commerce Secretary of Labor Secretary of Defense
Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions The Main Idea • The Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions of the U.S. government perform specialized duties. Reading Focus • What are some examples of independent agencies, and what duties do they perform? • What are regulatory commissions, and who runs them? • What makes up the federal bureaucracy?
Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions Independent Agencies • Perform specialized duties that do not fit into regular departments • Some serve all of the departments and some assist the work of the entire government. • Examples: • U.S. Commission on Civil Rights • Farm Credit Administration • Small Business Administration • National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions Regulatory Commissions • Independent agencies make rules and bring violators to court. • Commission heads are appointed by the president and approved by Congress to serve long terms. • Commissions are independent in order to freely do their jobs.
Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions Regulatory Commissions (continued) • Examples: • Federal Election Commission • Consumer Product Safety Commission • Securities and Exchange Commission • National Labor Relations Board
Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions The Federal Bureaucracy • Formed by the departments and agencies of the executive branch • Almost 3 million workers • Operates under heavy rules and regulations that create “red tape” but allow the executive branch to function
Independent Agencies Regulatory Commissions SECTION 4 Question: What are some of the independent agencies and regulatory commissions of the federal government? Commission on Civil Rights Farm Credit Administration Federal Election Commission Consumer Product Safety Commission Securities and Exchange Commission National Labor Relations Board National Aeronautics and Space Administration Small Business Administration Office of Personnel Management General Services Administration
Chapter 6 Wrap-Up • 1. What is the vice president’s role in the government? • 2. What limitation did the Twenty-second Amendment place on the terms of the presidency? • 3. What is the purpose of the State of the Union Address? • 4. How does the president participate in the legislative process? • 5. How does the Executive Office of the President serve the president? • 6. What other position do the executive department heads hold? • 7. Why are the independent agencies separate from the executive departments?