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How To Teach Thinking Skills Within the Common Core

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How To Teach Thinking Skills Within the Common Core

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  1. How To Teach Thinking Skills Within the Common Core Brian Pete Robin Fogarty & Associates robinfogarty.com

  2. How to Teach Thinking Skills Within the Common Core 7 Key Student Proficiencies of the New National Standards

  3. School Leaders Guide To the Common Core Achieving Results Through Rigor and Relevance

  4. 21st Century Self-Reliance “We must teach our children so that they can learn without being taught.” Singapore Director MOE 2009

  5. Think About? Working Hard Working Smart

  6. Meet and Greet Share what you think it means to Work Smarter not Harder

  7. Meet and Greet Summarize . . . to tell (information) again using fewer words.

  8. Take Away Window

  9. Big Picture

  10. Common Core State Standards 48 States 2 Territories & DC 13 Grades (K-12) 1,432 Standards 44,873 Words 7 Seven Skill Sets

  11. 7 KeyProficiencies

  12. 7 Proficiencies Critical Thinking Creative Thinking Complex Thinking Comprehensive Thinking Collaborative Thinking Communicative Thinking Cognitive Transfer

  13. Syllabus of Seven (with rate of frequency in CCSS) Critical Thinking – Analysis Evaluation Problem Solving Analyze (73) Evaluate (22) Problem Solve (18) Determine Point of View (15) Compare/Contrast (12) Follow (11) Sequence (9) Solve (8) Draw (7) Sort (5) Creative Thinking – Generate Associate Hypothesize Associate, Hypothesize, Generate, Demonstrate (35) Create (26) Produce (17) Develop (41) Form (12) Complex Thinking – Clarify Interpret Determine Challenge (2) Clarify (32) Find Central Idea (19) Determine (50) Research (33) Interpret (6) Find Theme (8) Comprehensive Thinking – Understand Infer Compare/Contrast Verify (7) Determine Relevance (2) Infer Point of View (37) Understand (27) Read/Comprehend (20) Infer (10) Recount (9) Identify (8) Decode (6) Describe (2) Retell (5) Paraphrase (2) Collaborative Thinking – Explain Develop Decide Listen to Divergent Views, Apply Conflict Resolution Skills, Discuss w/Civil Discourse, Collaborate (8) Pose Questions (3) Communicative Thinking – Reason Connect Represent Use Logic, Find Relevant Evidence, Use Technology Media (8), Write (31) Organize (17) Explain (11) Develop Projects (8) See Relationships (30) Present (12) Cognitive Transfer – Synthesize Generalize Apply Generalize, Synthesize, Apply (14), Demonstrate (28) Reflect (3) Reflection (20) Summarize (7) Paraphrase (2)

  14. Syllabus of Seven (with rate of frequency in CCSS) Critical Thinking – AnalysisEvaluateProblem Solving Analyze (73) Evaluate (22) Problem Solve (18) Determine Point of View (15) Compare/Contrast (12) Follow (11) Sequence (9) Solve (8) Draw (7) Sort (5) Creative Thinking – GenerateAssociateHypothesize Associate, Hypothesize, Generate, Demonstrate (35) Create (26) Produce (17) Develop (41) Form (12) Complex Thinking – ClarifyInterpretDetermine Challenge (2) Clarify (32) Find Central Idea (19) Determine (50) Research (33) Interpret (6) Find Theme (8) Comprehensive Thinking – UnderstandInferCompare/Contrast Verify (7) Determine Relevance (2) Infer Point of View (37) Understand (27) Read/Comprehend (20) Infer (10) Recount (9) Identify (8) Decode (6) Describe (2) Retell (5) Paraphrase (2) Collaborative Thinking – ExplainDevelopDecide Listen to Divergent Views, Apply Conflict Resolution Skills, Discuss w/Civil Discourse, Collaborate (8) Pose Questions (3) Communicative Thinking – ReasonConnectRepresent Use Logic, Find Relevant Evidence, Use Technology Media (8), Write (31) Organize (17) Explain (11) Develop Projects (8) See Relationships (30) Present (12) Cognitive Transfer – SynthesizeGeneralizeApply Generalize, Synthesize, Apply (14), Demonstrate (28) Reflect (3) Reflection (20) Summarize (7) Paraphrase (2)

  15. Syllabus of Seven Critical Thinking – AnalysisEvaluateProblem Solving Creative Thinking – GenerateAssociateHypothesize Complex Thinking – ClarifyInterpretDetermine Comprehensive Thinking – UnderstandInferCompare/ Collaborative Thinking – ExplainDevelopDecide Communicative Thinking – ReasonConnectRepresent Cognitive Transfer – SynthesizeGeneralizeApply

  16. Syllabus of Seven Comprehensive Thinking – UnderstandInferCompare/Contrast

  17. Syllabus of Seven Compare/Contrast

  18. The CCSS Difference - Grade 7 ELA Before: (2004) Produce written work and oral work that demonstrate comprehension of informational materials. After: CCSS (2010) Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.

  19. Compare / Contrast What is different / same . . .

  20. Three-Phase Model Gradual Release of Responsibility Vygotsky

  21. THINKING Compare/Contrast Compare/Contrast Alike Different; Similar/ Not-similar, Pros/Cons? Which one is better than the other??

  22. THINKING Compare/Contrast To be able to discern similarities and differences Analysis by finding likes and differences. Which one is better than the other? Subject: Thinking or HOT Topic: Compare/Contrast Use the Process as the Content

  23. Motivational Mind Set: Through Emotions get their Attention Skill Description: What Standard Requires Menu of Operations: “How-to” Steps for Students Instructional Strategy:“Process as Content” Assessment: Judgment of Product or Performance Reflection: Student Comment on Process

  24. Explicit Teaching Common Core Standards

  25. Comprehensive Thinking: Compare and Contrast

  26. Target Thinking Skill Template: “Compare and Contrast” #1 Motivational Mind Set Hand to Hand Cell Phones Coke/Pepsi

  27. Target Thinking Skill Template: “Compare and Contrast” #1 Motivational Mind Set Cell Phones

  28. Motivational Mind Set: Compare your Hands Skill Description: Menu of Operations: Instructional Strategy: Assessment: Reflection:

  29. Skill Description: Compare / Contrast Synonymsyn·o·nymnoun . . . one of two or more words or expressions of the same language that have the same or nearly the same meaning in some or all senses.

  30. Skill Description: Synonyms Likenesses/Differences Same/Different Similar/Not Similar Like/Unlike Alike/Not alike Match/No match

  31. Motivational Mind Set: Compare your Hands Skill Description: Synonyms for C/C Menu of Operations: Instructional Strategy: Assessment: Reflection:

  32. Menu of Operations ALIKE Account for similarities Look for differences Inspect for hidden S/D Know labels of groupings Express results of C/C

  33. Motivational Mind Set: Compare your Hands Skill Description: Synonyms for C/C ALIKE Account for similarities Menu of Operations: Look for differences Inspect for hidden S/D Know labels of groupings Express results of C/C Instructional Strategy: Assessment: Reflection:

  34. Instructional Strategy: Compare / Contrast:

  35. Instructional Strategy: Compare / Contrast:

  36. Instructional Strategy: Compare / Contrast: That team from the Northside of Chicago

  37. Instructional Strategy: Salt & Pepper Not specific subject matter Content! Focus on the thinking skill and strategies for: Comparing and Contrasting

  38. Target Thinking Skill Template: Compare and Contrast # 2 Review Description Synonyms Likenesses/Differences Same/Different Similar/Not Similar Like/Unlike Alike/Not alike Match/No match

  39. Target Thinking Skill Template: Compare and Contrast # 4 Instructional Strategy-k-3 T-Chart Salt Pepper Savory Sharp Can be harmful in excess Is natural Spice Granular White Black Spice Flakes Shaker or grinder Shaker or Grinder Is natural Draw Lines to Match Similarities

  40. “Compare and Contrast” Dual Paragraphs Pattern Para 1 Write about AAA Para 2 write about BBBB Alternating Sentences Write about A and then B every other sentence AB AB AB AB

  41. Instructional Strategy Dual Paragraphs AAA - Salt is a savory condiment that many people add to their food, yet is a habit that is not that healthy. Usually salt has already been included in the preparation. And it is invisible so people may add too much. Yet, salt and pepper go together! BBB - Pepper is a spicy flavoring people use to give their food a “bite”. Unlike salt it has health benefits. In addition pepper is visibly “peppered” on the food, indicating the amount being used. Yet, salt and pepper go together!

  42. “Compare and Contrast” Dual Paragraphs Pattern Para 1 Write about AAA Para 2 write about BBBB Alternating Sentences Write about A and then B every other sentence AB AB AB AB

  43. Instructional Strategy Alternating Sentences A)Salt is savory, B)while pepper is sharp, yet both are part of the spice family. A) Also, salt is not that healthy, B)while pepper has nutritious value. And, finally, A) salt is invisible on the food, B) while pepper is visibly “peppered” on the food.

  44. Literacy Gap Facts • Elementary School • 90% NARRATIVE • Middle/High School • 90% INFORMATIONAL

  45. T-Chart Informational Narrative