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Causes of conflict in sri lanka

Causes of conflict in sri lanka

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Causes of conflict in sri lanka

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  1. Causes of conflict in sri lanka Correction Slides for Short Test on Causes of Conflict in Sri Lanka

  2. How is this marked? LORMS (Levels of Response Marking Scheme) • Your given answer matches a LEVEL OF RESPONSE (LOR) • Each LOR has a band of marks • Based on the quality of the answer which matches the LOR, you will be awarded a mark within the band of marks

  3. How is this marked? Correction LORMS: • L1 – Gives one reason for the conflict but does not explain (1m) • L2 – Gives more than one reason for the conflict but does not explain (2m) • L3 – Explains reason for the conflict (3-4m)

  4. How is this marked? LORMS (Levels of Response Marking Scheme) • Your given answer matches a LEVEL OF RESPONSE (LOR) • Each LOR has a band of marks • Based on the quality of the answer which matches the LOR, you will be awarded a mark within the band of marks

  5. Who are the major players? Favoured Tamils British Sri Lankan & Indian Tamils Conflict This angered the Sinhalese who were a majority Came up with unfair policies against the Tamils Sinhalese

  6. Causes of Conflict in Sri Lanka British Colonial Rule Citizenship Rights Language Policy Resettlement Policy University Admission

  7. British Colonial Rule The Tamils felt that they were unfairly treated and were frustrated and unhappy. Tension built up… Conflict! Favoured the Indian Tamils And Marginalised the Sinhalese When the Sinhalese gained independence from the British, they implemented policies to marginalise the Tamils and favour the Sinhalese

  8. ANSWERS British Colonial Rule: • The British who ruled Sri Lanka before independence favoured the Indian Tamils who spoke English and could help them work in the Civil Service. (L1/1) They treated the Indian Tamils better than the Sinhalese (L2/2) Feeling marginalised, the Sinhalese implemented policies which favoured their own people (Sinhalese) (L3/3) and marginalised the Indian-Tamils (L3/4).

  9. ANSWERS Citizenship Rights: • Upon independence, the Sri Lankan government granted citizenship only to those born in Sri Lanka (L1/1) or whose fathers or grandfathers were born in Sri Lanka. Although they contributed to the economy of Sri Lanka, the Indian Tamils who worked on the plantations were denied citizenship rights. (L2/2) They were very angry and frustrated that they were treated badly. (L3/3) The Indian Tamils were also frustrated that the Sri Lankan government was insincere in solving the problem as they took more than 20 years to grant the remaining Indian Tamils in Sri Lanka citizenship. (L3/4)

  10. ANSWERS Language Policy: • Under the British, many Tamils worked in the civil service and were promoted. This made the Sinhalese jealous. (L1/1) When Sri Lanka became independent, the Sinhalese put in a policy where Tamil civil servants had to learn Sinhala within 3 years or be dismissed (L2/2). This angered the Tamils because they no longer had a bright future as they could lose their jobs or promotions. (L3/3) Protests took place and it took a very long time for Tamil to be recognised as a language of administration in Tamil areas, making the Tamils frustrated with the government’s insincerity. (L3/4)

  11. ANSWERS University Admission: • Tamil youths scored high marks in university entrance exams and could gain entry into prestigious courses. This angered the Sinhalese. (L1/1) When Sri Lanka became independent, the Sinhalese made Tamils score higher marks to enter university. As a result, many Tamil youths could not enter the prestigious courses. (L2/2) They were frustrated as they no longer had a bright future. (L3/3) Many of them left to join the Tamil Tigers resulting in a brain drain of bright Tamil youths. (L3/4)

  12. ANSWERS Resettlement Policy: • The Sinhalese government resettled poor Sinhalese peasants in Tamil lands where they were given land to cultivate. (L1/1) Later on, Buddhist monks and Sinhalese Army troops also came to stay in Tamil lands. (L2/2) The Tamils were angry and frustrated because the Sinhalese peasants were taking up their land (L3/3) and there was also religious tension due to differences in religion. Furthermore, the Tamils were also bullied and ill-treated by the Sinhalese Army troops. (L3/4)